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Persecution of social outsiders, Sinti and Roma, and murder of the disabled

Seminar questions:

What is the rationale behind the sterilization and later the murder of the disabled?

How did the families of the disabled react?

Why did the doctors and nurses participate? what leeway did they have?

What does the murder of the disabled and Sinti and Roma bring to our understanding of the Holocaust?

Core readings:

Michael Burleigh, “Psychiatry, German Society and the Nazi “Euthanasia” Programme,” in The Holocaust: Origins, Implementation, Aftermath, ed. Omer Bartov (London: Routledge, 2000): 43-62.

Sibyl Milton, “Gypsies and the Holocaust,” History Teacher, 24,4 (Aug., 1991): 375-387.

Extended readings:

Götz Aly, Peter Chroust, and Christian Pross, Cleansing the fatherland : Nazi medicine and racial hygiene (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994).

Susan Benedict and Linda Shields, eds. Nurses and midwives in Nazi Germany: The "euthanasia programs" (London: Routledge, 2014).

Celia Donert, The Rights of the Roma: The Struggle for Citizenship in Postwar Czechoslovakia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017), ch. 1.

Henry Friedlander, The origins of Nazi genocide : from euthanasia to the final solution (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995).

Edith Sheffer, Asperger's Children:The Origins of Autism in Nazi Vienna (New York: Norton, 2018).

Nathan Stoltzfus, Robert Gellately, eds., Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).

Paul Weindling, Health, race and German politics between national unification and Nazism, 1870-1945 (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Anton Weiss-Wendt, ed., The Nazi Genocide of the Roma: Reassessment and Commemoration (New York: Berghahn, 2013).