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Religious conflict and Civil War in France c. 1560-1600 - week 10

  1. Week 10: The 'Triumph' of Henry IV:
France in 1600 and the Impact of War


Was the 'triumph' of Henry IV due to his personality or to political circumstance?

How effectively did he establish peace between the faiths?


General reading

Mark Greengrass, France in the Age of Henry IV (2nd edn, 1995)

David Buisseret, Henry IV (1984), esp. on military aspects

Mack P. Holt, The French Wars of Religion, 1562-1629 (1995), chap. 6

Robert J. Knecht, The French Civil Wars, 1562-1598 (2000), chaps. 12 & 13

J.H.M. Salmon, Society in Crisis: France in the Sixteenth Century (1975), chaps. 11 & 12

Nicola M. Sutherland, Henry IV of France and the Politics of Religion, 1572-1596 (2 vols., 2002)

Roland Mousnier, The Assassination of Henry IV (1973)

Further reading

Philip Benedict, Rouen during the Wars of Religion (1981), conclusion

Cynthia Burlingham, ‘Portraiture as Propaganda: Printmaking during the Reign of Henri IV’, in The French Renaissance in Prints, pp. 138-51, + Catalogue section IX

Katherine B.Crawford, ‘The Politics of Promiscuity: Masculinity and Heroic Representation at the Court of Henry IV’, French Historical Studies, 26 (2003), 225-52

Michael Wolfe, The Conversion of Henry IV: Politics, Power and Religious Belief in Early Modern France (1993)

'Protestant Reactions to the Conversion of Henry IV', in Michael Wolfe (ed.), Changing Identities in Early Modern France (1996), pp. 371-90

'Piety and Political Allegiance: the Duc de Nevers and the Protestant Henry IV, 1589-93', French History, 2 (1988), 1-21

S.A. Finley-Croswhite, Henry IV and the Towns: The Pursuit of Legitimacy in French Urban Society, 1589-1610 (1999)

'Absolutism and Municipal Autonomy: Henry IV and the 1602 Pancarte Revolt in Limoges', in Mack P. Holt (ed.), Society and Institutions in Early Modern France, pp. 80-97

David Trim, 'Edict of Nantes: Product of Military Success or Failure', in K. Cameron et al (eds), The Adventure of Religious Pluralism in Early Modern France (2000), pp. 85-98

Ronald S. Love, Blood and Religion: The Conscience of Henri IV (2001)

Michel de Waele, Les relations entre le parlement de Paris et Henri IV (2000)

P. Ascoli, 'A Radical Pamphlet of Late Sixteenth-Century France: Dialogue d'entre le maheustre et le manant', Sixteenth Century Journal, 5 (1974), 3-22

F. Baumgartner, 'The Catholic Opposition to the Edict of Nantes, 1598-99', Bibliothèque d'Humanisme et Renaissance, 40 (1978), 525-36

'Crisis in the French Episcopacy: the Bishops and the Succession of Henri IV', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 20 (1979), 276-301

Keith Cameron (ed.), From Valois to Bourbon (1989), esp. the essays by Crouzet, 'Henry IV, King of Reason?', and Greengrass, 'The Public Context of the Abjuration of Henry IV'

George Pagès, 'La paix de religion et l'Edit de Nantes', Revue d'histoire moderne, 25 (1936), 393-413

Denis Crouzet, Les Guerriers de Dieu: La violence au temps des troubles de religion (vers 1525-vers 1610) (1990), chap. 20

Documents: Potter: Chap. 8 & 'Epilogue'
Documents: 35
36 Montaigne, 'On Restraining Your Will'


The Impact of War


How devastating was the impact of the wars on France and its people?

James B. Wood, 'The Impact of the Wars of Religion: A View of France in 1581', Sixteenth Century Journal, 15 (1984)

Mark Greengrass, 'The Later Wars of Religion in the French Midi', and ...

Philip Benedict, 'Civil War and Natural Disaster in Northern France', both in P. Clark (ed.), The European Crisis of the 1590s (1985), pp. 84-134

'Catholics and Huguenots in Sixteenth-Century Rouen: The Demographic Effects of the Religious Wars', French Historical Studies, 9 (1975), 209-34

Penny Roberts, 'Urban Conflict and Royal Authority: Popular Revolts in Sixteenth-Century Troyes', Urban History, 34 (2007), 189-207

David Potter (ed.), Foreign Intelligence and Information in Elizabethan England: Two English Treatises on the State of France, 1580-1584 (2004)

Also local case studies in entries under 'Warfare' and 'The Catholic League'

Documents: Potter, Chap. 8, documents 12, 22-24

henri iv