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Religious conflict and Civil War in France c. 1560-1600 - week 9

Week 9: The Catholic Response - Militancy and the Catholic League


How effective was the Catholic response to the spread of Protestantism in France?

General reading

Marc Venard, 'Catholicism and Resistance to the Reformation in France, 1555-1585', in P. Benedict et al (eds), Reformation, Revolt and Civil War in France and the Netherlands, 1555-1585 (1999), pp. 133-48

Philip Benedict, 'The Catholic Response to Protestantism: Church Activity and Popular Piety in Rouen, 1560-1600', in J. Obelkevich (ed.), Religion and the People, 800-1700 (1979), pp. 168-90

Luc Racaut, Hatred in Print: Catholic Propaganda and Protestant Identity during the French Wars of Religion (2002)

Further reading

Barbara Diefendorf, Beneath the Cross: Catholics and Huguenots in Sixteenth-Century Paris (1991), chaps. 9-10

R.R. Harding, 'The Mobilisation of Confraternities against the Reformation in France', Sixteenth Century Journal, 11 (1980), 85-107

Mack P. Holt, 'Wine, Community and Reformation in Sixteenth-Century Burgundy', Past and Present, 138 (1993), 58-93

'Burgundians into Frenchmen: Catholic Identity in Sixteenth-Century Burgundy', in Michael Wolfe (ed.), Changing Identities in Early Modern France (1996), pp. 345-70

Kevin Gould, Catholic Activism in South-West France, 1540-1570 (2006)

Judith Pollmann, 'Countering the Reformation in France and the Netherlands: Clerical Leadership and Catholic Violence', Past and Present, 190 (2006), 83-120

Andrew Spicer, '(Re)Building the Sacred Landscape: Orleans, 1560-1610', French History, 21 (2007), 247-68

Stuart Carroll, 'The Guise Affinity and Popular Protest during the Wars of Religion', French History, 9 (1995), 125-52

D. Nicholls, 'Inertia and Reform in the Pre-Tridentine French Church: Rouen, 1520-62', Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 32 (1981)

Megan Armstrong, The Politics of Piety: Franciscan Preachers during the Wars of Religion, 1560-1660 (2004)

'Spiritual Reform, Mendicant Autonomy, and State Formation: French Franciscan Disputes before the Parlement of Paris, 1500-1600', French Historical Studies, 25 (2002), 505-30

Larissa J. Taylor, 'Funeral Sermons and Orations as Religious Propaganda in Sixteenth-Century France', in B. Gordon & P. Marshall (eds), The Place of the Dead: Death and Remembrance in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (2000), pp. 224-39

F.J. Baumgartner, Change and Continuity in the French Episcopate: The Bishops and the Wars of Religion, 1547-1610 (1986)

Philip T. Hoffman, Church and Community in the Diocese of Lyon, 1500-1789 (1984)

A.N. Galpern, The Religions of the People in Sixteenth-Century Champagne (1976)

A. Lynne Martin, The Jesuit Mind: The Mentality of an Elite in Early Modern France (1988)

G.W. Sypher, 'Faisant ce qu'il leur vient à plaisir: The Image of Protestantism in French Catholic Polemic on the Eve of the Religious Wars', Sixteenth Century Journal, 11 (1980), 59-84

Luc Racaut, 'The Cultural Obstacles to Religious Pluralism in the Polemic of the French Wars of Religion', in K. Cameron et al (eds), The Adventure of Religious Pluralism in Early Modern France (2000)

Eric Nelson, The Jesuits and the Monarchy: Catholic Reform and Political Authority in France (1590-1615) (2005)

Documents: Potter: Chap. 1, doc. 13; Chap. 4, doc. 7
Documents: 19
Figures: 6, 7 & 8


The Catholic League

How radical was the League? To what extent was it a 'Holy Union'?


General reading

Mack P. Holt, The French Wars of Religion, 1562-1629 (1995), chap. 5

Robert J. Knecht, The French Civil Wars, 1562-1598 (2000), chap. 11

Barbara Diefendorf, 'The Catholic League: Social Crisis or Apocalypse Now?', French Historical Studies, 15 (1987), 332-44

J.H.M. Salmon, 'The Paris Sixteen, 1584-1594: the Social Analysis of a Revolutionary Movement', Journal of Modern History, 44 (1972), 540-76

F.J. Baumgartner, Radical Revolutionaries: The Political Thought of the French Catholic League (1976)

P.M. Ascoli, 'French Provincial Cities and the Catholic League', Occasional Papers of the American Society for Reformation Research, 1 (1977), 15-40

Further reading

Barbara Diefendorf, 'An Age of Gold? Parisian Women, the Holy League, and the Roots of Catholic Renewal', in Michael Wolfe (ed.), Changing Identities in Early Modern France (1996), pp. 169-90

Mark Greengrass, 'The Sainte Union in the Provinces: the Case of Toulouse', Sixteenth Century Journal, 14 (1983), 469-96

'The Sixteen: Radical Politics in Paris during the League', History, 69 (1984), 432-9

'Dissension in the Provinces under Henry III, 1574-85', in Highfield & Jeffs (eds), The Crown and Local Communities in England and France (1981), pp. 162-82

Ann Ramsey, Liturgy, Politics and Salvation: The Catholic League in Paris and the Nature of Catholic Reform, 1540-1630 (1999)

N. Le Roux, 'The Catholic Nobility and Political Choice during the League, 1584-94', French History, 8 (1994), 34-50

Stuart Carroll, Noble Power during the French Wars of Religion: The Guise Affinity and the Catholic Cause in Normandy (1998), esp. chap. 7

'The Revolt of Paris, 1588: Aristocratic Insurgency and the Mobilization of Popular Support', French Historical Studies, 23 (2000), 301-37

R.R. Harding, 'Revolution and Reform in the Holy League: Angers, Rennes, Nantes', Journal of Modern History, 53 (1981), 379-416

Mark Konnert, 'Provincial Governors and their Regimes during the French Wars of Religion: the Duc de Guise and the City Council of Châlons-sur-Marne', Sixteenth Century Journal, 25 (1994), 823-40

 Local Politics in the French Wars of Religion: the Towns of Champagne, the Duc de Guise, and the Catholic League, 1560-95 (2006)

Alexander Wilkinson, 'Homicides Royaux: The Assassination of the Duc and Cardinal de Guise and the Radicalisation of French Public Opinion'. French History, 18 (2004), 129-53

Philip Benedict, Rouen during the Wars of Religion (1981), part III

Penny Roberts, A City in Conflict (1996), chap. 8

Hilary J. Bernstein, Between Crown and community (2004), chaps. 8-10

S.A. Finley-Croswhite, 'Engendering the Wars of Religion: Female Agency during the Catholic League in Dijon', French Historical Studies, 20 (1997), 127-54

Elizabeth Tingle, 'The Intolerant City? Nantes and the Origins of the Catholic League, 1580-1589', in K. Cameron et al (eds), The Adventure of Religious Pluralism in Early Modern France (2000)

'Nantes and the Origins of the Catholic League of 1589', Sixteenth Century Journal, 33 (2002), 109-28

 Authority and Society in Nantes during the French Wars of Religion, 1559-98 (2006), chaps. 5-7

E. Barnavi, Le Parti de Dieu: Etude sociale et politique des chefs de la Ligue parisienne, 1585-94 (1980)

R. Descimon, Qui étaient les Seize? Mythes et réalités de la Ligue parisienne, 1585-1594 (1983)

Denis Crouzet, Les Guerriers de Dieu: La violence au temps des troubles de religion (vers 1525-vers 1610) (1990), chaps. 17-19


Potter: Chaps. 6-8
Documents: 33-34
Figures: 9-16

league procession