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Gender, Class and Religion

Key Reading

  • Clive Emsley, Crime and Society in England, chapters 3 and 4

Further Reading

  • Kenneth Brown, 'Nonconformity and trade unionism : the Sheffield outrages of 1866', in Eugenio Biagini and Alastair Reid, Currents of Radicalism
  • Steve Fielding, The Irish Catholics of Manchester and Salford, 1890-1939
  • Sheridan Gilley, 'Sheridan Gilley, 'English Catholic attitudes to Irish Catholics', Immigrants and Minorities, 2007
  • Ursual Henriques, 'Lyons versus Thomas : the Jewess abduction case (1869)', Jewish Historical Studies, 29 (1988 for 1982-6) 267-80
  • Louise Jackson, '"Singing birds as well as soap suds" : the Salvation Army's work with sexually abused girls in Edwardian England', Gender & History, 2000
  • Anne-Marie Kilday and Katherine Watson, 'Infanticide, religion and community in the British Isles 1720-1920', Family and Community History, 11:2 (2008) 84-99

  • Frank Neal, 'A criminal profile of the Liverpool Irish', Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1991
  • Roger Swift, 'The outcast Irish in the British Victorian city : problems and perspectives', Irish Historical Studies, Vol. 25, No. 99 (May, 1987), pp. 264-276
  • Roger Swift, 'Heroes or Villains?: The Irish, Crime, and Disorder in Victorian England', Albion, 29:3 (1997), 399-421.

  • Avram Taylor, 'Are you a Billy, or a Dan, or an old tin can?' : street violence and relations between Catholics, Jews and Protestants in the Gorbals during the inter-war years', Urban History, 2014


  • Were particular ethnic/religious groups ostracised from Victorian society?
  • What caused sectarian violence?
  • How did communities (and religious groups) view infanticide?
  • What were the responses of religious groups to crime and criminals?