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Seminar 4: Transportation

Key Reading

  • Clive Emsley, Crime and Society in England, chapter 10

Secondary Sources

Further reading on transportation may be found here.


  • Why was transportation introduced as a punishment and why was it ended?
  • Who were the convicts?
  • What was their experience of transportation? Were there gender, ethnicity and class differences?
  • What was the reaction in the colonies to the process of transportation?
  • What does transportation tell us about British imperialism?