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Primary Sources

Source Collections

Allen, S.J. and Amt, E. (eds.), The Crusades: A Reader (Toronto, 2003)

Bird, Jessalynn and Edward Peters, James M. Powell, eds. Crusade and Christendom: Annotated Documents in Translation from Innocent III to the Fall of Acre (1187-1291) (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013) (especially useful for the 5th, 6th and 7th Crusades)

Barber, M. and Bate, K., Letters from the East: Crusaders, Pilgrims and Settlers in the 12th-13th Century (Cambridge, 2010).

Brundage, J., The Crusades: A Documentary Survey (Milwaukee, 1962)

Gabrieli, F., Arab Historians of the Crusades (London, 1984)

Mallett, A., Medieval Muslim Historians and the Franks in the Levant (Brill, 2014) (ebook)

Crusade Lyrics: Troubadours, Trouveres and the Crusades


The First Crusade

Al-Sulami, The Book of the Jihad of 'Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami (d. 1106): Text, Translation and Commentary, trans. Niall Christie, (Routledge, 2015)
Anna Comnena, The Alexiad, ed. and trans. E. R. A. Sewter (Harmondsworth, 1969)
Baldric of Bourgueil , Historia Ierosolimitana, ed. Steven Biddlecombe (Boydell & Brewer, 2014)
The Chanson d'Antioche : an old French account of the First Crusade, trans. Susan B. Edgington and Carol Sweetenham, (Ashgate, 2011).

The Canso d'Antioca : an Occitan epic chronicle of the First Crusade, trans. Carol Sweetenham and Linda M. Paterson, (Ashgate, 2003).
Chazan, R., God, Humanity, and History: the Hebrew First Crusade narratives (2000).
The Deeds of the Franks and the Other Pilgrims to Jerusalem (The Gesta Francorum), ed. and trans. R. Hill (Edinburgh, 1962).
Fulcher of Chartres in Peters, E. (ed.), The First Crusade: the Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres and other source materials, (2nd edn, Philadelphia, 1998)
The Gesta Tancredi of Ralph of Caen: A History of the Normans on the First Crusade, ed. Bachrach, B. S. (Aldershot, 2005).
Guibert of Nogent, The Deeds of God through the Franks, trans. R. Levine, (Boydell, Woodbridge, 1997).
Soloman Bar Simson in Geary, P. (ed.), Readings in Medieval History (Hadleigh, 1992, 1997).
The First Crusade: The Accounts of Eye-Witnesses and Participants, ed. A.C. Krey (Gloucester, MA, 1958).
Raymond of Aguilers, Historia Francorum qui Ceperunt Iherusalem, trans J. and L. Hill (Philadelphia, 1968).
Robert the Monk’s History of the First Crusade,trans and ed. C. Sweetenham (Aldershot, 2006).

Ibn al-Qalanisi, The Damascus Chronicle of the Crusades, trans. H.A.R. Gibb (AMS Press, 1980)

The Second Crusade

Odo of Deuil, De profectione Ludovici VII in orientum, ed. and trans. V.G. Berry (New York, 1948).
Walter the Chancellor, A History of the Antiochene Wars, trans. S. B. Edgington and T. S. Asbridge, (Aldershot, 1999).

The Third Crusade

Bahā’ad-Din ibn Shaddad, The Rare and Excellent History of Saladin, ed. and trans. D. S. Richards, (Aldershot, 2002).
The Chronicle of Ibn al-Athir, trans. D.S. Richards, 3 vols. (Ashgate, 2010), vol. 2.
The Chronicle of the Third Crusade, trans. H. Nicholson (Aldershot, 1997).
Edbury, P. W. (ed. and trans.), The Conquest of Jerusalem and the Third Crusade (Aldershot, 1996). D163.A3.C6
Fenwich, K. (ed. and trans.), The Third Crusade: an Eye Witness Account of the Campaigns of Richard Coeur-de-Lion in Cyprus and the Holy Land, (London, 1958).
The Travels of Ibn-Jubayr, trans. R. Broadhurst (London, 1999)
William of Tyre, A history of deeds done beyond the sea, translated and annotated by Emily Atwater Babcock and A.C. Krey (New York, 1943)
An Arab-Syrian gentleman and warrior in the period of the Crusades : memoirs of Usāmah ibn-Munqidh (Kitāb al-Iʻtibār), (trans. Philip K. Hitti) (New York : Columbia University Press, 2000)

The conquest of the Holy Land by Salāh al-Dīn : a critical edition and translation of the anonymous Libellus de expugnatione Terrae Sanctae per Saladinum , ed. and trans. Keagan Brewer and James Kane (Routledge, 2019)

The Fourth Crusade

Geoffrey of Villehardouin, ‘The Conquest of Constantinople’, in ed. and trans. M. Shaw, Joinville and Villehardouin, (London, 1963).
Robert of Clari, The Conquest of Constantinople, (New York, 1966).

Nicetas Choniates, O City of Byzantium (1984).

The Fifth Crusade

Oliver of Paderborn, ‘The Capture of Damietta’ in Peters, Christian Society, iii. 2, and see 1 and 3.
Oliver of Paderborn, The Capture of Damietta, trans. J.J.Gavigan (University of Pennsylvania, 1948)
The Chronicle of Ibn al-Athir, trans. D.S. Richards, 3 vols. (Ashgate, 2010), vol. 3,

The Sixth Crusade

Philip of Novara, The Wars of Frederick II against the Ibelins, trans. J. La Monte and M.J. Hubert (New York, 1936)
The Seventh Crusade

The Seventh Crusade

Jackson, P. (trans. and ed.), The Seventh Crusade, 1244-1254: Sources and Documents (Farnham, 2007).

Jean de Joinville, The Life of Saint Louis, in ed. and trans. M. Shaw, Joinville and Villehardouin (London, 1963), esp. pp.163-353.

The Military Orders

Rule of the Templars, tr. J. M. Upton-Ward (1992)
Rule, Statutes and Customs of the Hospitallers, 1099-1310, trans. E.J. King (New York : AMS Press, 1980)
The Templars, ed. M. Barber and K. Bate (2002)