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The courts as centres of cultural patronage

General Reading

Adamson, John, 'The Making of the Ancien-Regime Court, 1500-1700', in John Adamson (ed.), The Princely Courts of Europe: Ritual, Politics and Culture under the Ancien Régime: 1500-1750 (London, 2000), pp. 6-41.

Bertelli, S., Italian Renaissance Courts.

Chambers, D.S., (ed. and trans.), Patrons and Artists in the Italian Renaissance (London, 1970) [An important collection of primary sources in translation]

Cole, Alison, Art of the Italian Renaissance Courts (New York, 2005).

Hollingsworth, M., Patronage in Renaissance Italy [With an extensive bibliography].

Hollingsworth, M., Patronage in Sixteenth-Century Italy [With an extensive bibliography].

Marina, Areli, 'Introduction: Lordship Reified', I Tatti Studies in the Italian Renaissance 16 (2013), 363-75

McCall, Timothy, 'Brilliant Bodies: Material Culture and the Adornment of Men in North Italy’s Quattrocento Courts', I Tatti Studies in the Italian Renaissance 16 (2013), 445-90

Mozzarelli, C., (ed.), ‘Famiglia’ del principe e famiglia aristocratica [Particularly the essays of Clough, De Benedictis and Carpeggiani].

Sparti, Barbara , 'The Function and Status of Dance in the Fifteenth-Century Italian Courts', Dance Research 14 (1996), 42-61. JSTOR

Welch, E., Art and Society in Italy 1350-1500. War.


Ady, C.M., The Bentivoglio of Bologna. War.

Clarke, Georgia, 'Magnificence and the city: Giovanni II Bentivoglio and architecture in fifteenth-century Bologna', Renaissance Studies 13 (1999), 397–411.

Manca, Joseph, 'Ercole de' Roberti's Garganelli Chapel Frescoes: A Reconstruction and Analysis', Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 49.2 (1986), 147-64. JSTOR

Wallace, William E., 'The Bentivoglio Palace Lost and Reconstructed', Sixteenth Century Journal 10.3 (1979), 97-114. JSTOR

Warren, Jeremy, 'Francesco Francia and the Art of Sculpture in Renaissance Bologna', The Burlington Magazine 141 (1999), 216-25. JSTOR


The Este Court Archive

Dean, Trevor, ‘Notes on the Ferrarese Court in the Later Middle Ages’, Renaissance Studies 3.4 (1989), 357–69.

Dean, Trevor, Land and Power in Late Medieval Ferrara: The Rule of the Este, 1350-1450 (Cambridge, 1988)

Ghirardo, Diane Yvonne, ‘The Topography of Prostitution in Renaissance Ferrara’, The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 60.4 (2001), 402-31. JSTOR

Gundersheimer, W.L., Ferrara: the style of a Renaissance despotism. War.

Hollingsworth, Mary, The Cardinal’s Hat: Money, Ambition and Housekeeping in a Renaissance court (London, 2004)

Looney, Dennis, and Deanna Shemek, Phaethon's children: the Este court and its culture in early modern Ferrara (Tempe, 2005)

Manca, Joseph, ‘The Presentation of a Renaissance Lord: Portraiture of Ercole I d’Este, Duke of Ferrara (1471-1505)’, Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 52.4 (1989), 522-38. JSTOR

Manca, Joseph, 'Style, Clarity, and Artistic Production in a Courtly Center: Some Myths about Ferrarese Painting of the Quattrocento', Artibus et Historiae 22 no. 43 (2001), 55-63. JSTOR

Prizer, William F., 'Isabella d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia as Patrons of Music: The Frottola at Mantua and Ferrara', Journal of the American Musicological Society 38.1 (1985), 1-33. JSTOR

Rosenberg, Charles M. ‘In the Footsteps of the Prince: A Look at Renaissance Ferrara’, Nexus Network Journal 1.1 (1999), 43-64. ProQuest

Tuohy, Thomas, Herculean Ferrara: Ercole d’Este, 1471-1505, and the Invention of a Ducal Capital (Cambridge, 1996)


Bourne, Molly, 'Art and Culture in Renaissance Mantua: Introduction', Renaissance Studies 16/3 (2002), 303-305. Blackwell

Brown, Clifford M., and Anna Maria Lorenzoni, '"Concludo che non vidi mai la più bella casa in Italia": The Frescoed Decorations in Francesco II Gonzaga's Suburban Villa in the Mantuan Countryside at Gonzaga (1491-1496) ', Renaissance Quarterly 49/2 (1996), 268-302. JSTOR

Cashman, Anthony B., III, ‘The problem of audience in Mantua: understanding ritual efficacy in an Italian Renaissance princely state’, Renaissance Studies 16.3 (2002), 355–365.

Chambers, D.S., and J. Martineau (eds.), Splendours of the Gonzaga.

Fenlon, I., Music and Patronage in Sixteenth-Century Mantua.

Fenlon, Iain, ‘Music and Spectacle at the Gonzaga Court, c. 1580-1600’, Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association 103 (1976-1977), 90-105. JSTOR

Lazzarini, Isabella, 'Sub Signo Principis. Political institutions and urban configurations in early Renaissance Mantua', Renaissance Studies 16.3 (2002), 318–29. Blackwell

Maurer, Maria F., 'A love that burns: Eroticism, torment and identity at the Palazzo Te', Renaissance Studies 30/3 (2016), 370–88

Mozzarelli, C. (ed.), Lo stato gonzaghesco: Mantova dal 1382 al 1707.

Prizer, William F., 'Isabella d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia as Patrons of Music: The Frottola at Mantua and Ferrara', Journal of the American Musicological Society 38.1 (1985), 1-33. JSTOR

Prizer, William F., 'Una "Virtù Molto Conveniente A Madonne": Isabella D'Este as a Musician', The Journal of Musicology 17.1 (1999), pp. 10-49. JSTOR

San Juan, Rose Marie, 'The Court Lady's Dilemma: Isabella d'Este and Art Collecting in the Renaissance', Oxford Art Journal 14.1 (1991), 67-78. JSTOR

Welch, Evelyn Samuels, ‘The art of expenditure: the court of Paola Malatesta Gonzaga in fifteenth-century Mantua’, Renaissance Studies 16.3 (2002), 306–17. Blackwell


Lubkin, Gregory, A Renaissance Court: Milan Under Galeazzo Maria Sforza (Berkeley, 1994) NetLibrary

Malaguzzi-Valeri, F., La corte di Ludovico Sforza.

Syson, Luke, 'Zanetto Bugatto, Court Portraitist in Sforza Milan', The Burlington Magazine 138 (1996), 300-08. JSTOR

Welch, Evelyn Samuels, 'Galeazzo Maria Sforza and the Castello di Pavia, 1469', The Art Bulletin 71.3 (1989), 352-75. JSTOR

Welch, Evelyn Samuels, ‘The Image of a Fifteenth-Century Court: Secular Frescoes for the Castello di Porta Giovia, Milan’, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 53 (1990), 163-84. JSTOR

Welch, Evelyn Samuels, 'Sight, Sound and Ceremony in the Chapel of Galeazzo Maria Sforza', Early Music History 12 (1993), 151-90. JSTOR


Clough, Cecil H., ‘Art as Power in the Decoration of the Study of an Italian Renaissance Prince: The Case of Federico Da Montefeltro’, Artibus et Historiae 16 issue 31 (1995), 19-50. JSTOR

Clough, C.H., The Duchy of Urbino in the Renaissance.

Clough, Cecil H., ‘Federigo da Montefeltro’s Patronage of the Arts, 1468-1482’, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 36 (1973), 129-44. JSTOR

Clough, C. H., 'Federigo da Montefeltro: The Good Christian Prince' Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 67/1 (1984), 293-348

Falvo, Joseph D., ‘Urbino and the Apotheosis of Power’, MLN 101 (1986), 114-46. JSTOR