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Crimes III

Introduction

Some of the most frequently committed crimes in early modern Europe involved property. In this seminar we will divide into groups looking at theft, banditry, and piracy. We will compare these different crimes across early modern Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic World.

Seminar Questions

  • What were the forms and natures of property crimes in early modern Europe?
  • What were contemporary attitudes and responses to these crimes?

Required Reading

  • Each student should read the documents relevant to the crimes they are investigating in Andrew Barrett and Christopher Harrison, eds, Crime and Punishment in England: A Sourcebook (London, 1999), The crimes are listed under offenses in the index. For banditry, see highway robbery under offenses.
  • Each student should choose and read three relevant items below for the crimes they are investigating. Your choice of texts should cover more than one country.
Theft

Aleman, Matheo, The rogue, or, The life of Guzman de Alfarache written in Spanish by Matheo Aleman (London, 1622)

B.E., A new dictionary of the canting crew (London , 1699)

Dean, Trevor, Crime and Justice in Late Medieval Italy (Cambridge, 2007), Chapter Ten.

Dionne, Craig, and Steve Mentz, eds, Rogues and Early Modern English Culture (Ann Arbor, 2004)

Egmond, Florike, Underworlds: Organized Crime in the Netherlands, 1650-1800 (Cambridge, 1993)

Gotti, Maurizio, The Language of Thieves and Vagabonds: 17th and 18th century Canting Lexicography in England (Tübingen, 1999)

Gray, Drew D., Crime, Policing and Punishment in England, 1660-1914 (London, 2016), Chapters Four and Five.

Head, Richard, The canting academy (London, 1674)

Heijden, Manon van der, Women and Crime in Early Modern Holland, trans. David McKay (Leiden, 2016), Chapter Four.

Kinney, Arthur F., ed., Rogues, Vagabonds, and Sturdy Beggars: A New Gallery of Tudor and Early Stuart Rogue Literature Exposing the Lives, Times, and Cozening Tricks of the Elizabethan Underworld (Amherst, 1990).

Liapi, Lena, Roguery in Print : Crime and Culture in Early Modern London (Woodbridge, 2019)

MacMillan, Ken, (ed.), Stories of True Crime in Tudor and Stuart England (London, 2015)

McMullan, John L., The Canting Crew: London's Criminal Underworld, 1550-1700 (New Brunswick, N.J., 1984)

Middleton, Thomas, and Thomas Dekker, The Roaring Girl, ed. Paul A. Mulholland (Manchester, 1987)

Moore, Lucy, (ed.), Con Men and Cutpurses: Scenes from the Hogarthian Underworld (Harmondsworth, 2004)

Smith, Alexander, The History of the Lives, of the Most Noted Highwaymen, Foot-pads, Shop-lifts and Cheats of Both Sexes, in and about London and Other Places ... for Fifty Years Last Past AND The Second Volume of the History of the Lives, of the Most Notorious Highwaymen, Foot-pads, and Other Thieves and Murderers of Both Sexes, in and about London and Other Places ... for Fifty Years Last Past, 2nd ed. (London, 1714) [Read the Prefaces to both volumes and three lives of your choice]

Walker, Garthine, Crime, Gender and Social Order in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2003), Chapter Five.

Banditry

Belenguer, Ernest, 'Bandits, Banditry and Royal Power in Catalonia between the 16th and 17th centuries', Catalan Historical Review 8 (2015), 45-57

Danker, Uwe, 'Bandits and the State: Robbers and the Authorities in the Holy Roman Empire in the Late Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries', in The German Underworld: Deviants and Outcasts in German History, ed. Richard Evans (London, 1988), pp. 75-107.

Durston, Gregory J., Whores and Highwaymen: Crime and Justice in the Eighteenth-Century Metropolis (Hook, 2012)

Gioia, Cristina, 'Aristocratic Bandits and Outlaws: Stories of Violence and Blood Vendetta on the Border of the Venetian Republic (16th-17th Century)', in Steven G. Ellis and Lud’a Klusáková (eds), Imaging Frontiers, Contesting Identities (Pisa, 2007), pp. 93-107.

Gray, Drew D., Crime, Policing and Punishment in England, 1660-1914 (London, 2016), Chapters Four and Five.

Kamen, Henry, ‘Public Authority and Popular Crime: Banditry in Valencia, 1660-1714', Journal of European Economic History 3 (1974), 654-688.

Laven, Peter, 'Banditry and Lawlessness on the Venetian Terraferma in the Later Cinquecento', in Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe, eds, Crime, Society, and the Law in Renaissance Italy (Cambridge, 1994), pp. 221-248.

Smith, Alexander, The History of the Lives, of the Most Noted Highwaymen, Foot-pads, Shop-lifts and Cheats of Both Sexes, in and about London and Other Places ... for Fifty Years Last Past AND The Second Volume of the History of the Lives, of the Most Notorious Highwaymen, Foot-pads, and Other Thieves and Murderers of Both Sexes, in and about London and Other Places ... for Fifty Years Last Past, 2nd ed. (London, 1714) [Read the Prefaces to both volumes and three lives of your choice]

Piracy

Amirell, S. E., et al. (eds), Persistent Piracy: Maritime Violence and State-Formation in Global Historical Perspective (Basingstoke, 2014)

Appleby, John C., Women and English Piracy, 1540-1720: Partners and Victims of Crime (Basingstoke, 2013)

Chet, Guy, The Ocean is a Wilderness: Atlantic Piracy and the Limits of State Authority, 1688-1856 (Amherst, 2014)

Johnson, Charles, A General History of the Pyrates (London, 1724; fourth ed. 1726) [Read the Preface and the lives of Captain Teach/Blackbeard, Mary Read, and Anne Bonny]

Jowitt, Claire, The Culture of Piracy, 1580-1630: English Literature and Seaborne Crime (Farnham, 2010)

Jowitt, Claire, ed., Pirates? The Politics of Plunder, 1550-1650 (Basingstoke, 2006)

Klarer, Mario, ed., Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean 1550-1810 (London, 2018)

Lunsford, Virginia W., Piracy and Privateering in the Golden Age Netherlands (Basingstoke, 2005)