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Crimes IV

Introduction

Early modern Europe was intensely religious. This week we will be discussing the religious crimes of heresy and witchcraft. We will divide into groups looking at the British Isles, Eastern Europe, France, the German States, the Italian States, and Spain.

Seminar Questions

  • What forms did the crimes of heresy and witchcraft take in early modern Europe?
  • What what were contemporary attitudes and responses towards these crimes? How did these vary across Europe and over time?

Required Reading

  • You should each read the relevant documents for the state(s) you are studying which are published in Brian P. Levack, ed., The Witchcraft Sourcebook, 2nd ed., (London, 2014).These documents are as follows:
    • The British Isles: documents 19, 29, 32, 39, 45, 46, 48, 50, 55, 58, 63.
    • Eastern Europe: documents 42 and 44.
    • France: documents 16, 17, 22, 28, 33, 38, 56, 59.
    • The German States: documents 26, 30, 34, 36, 37, 40, 41, 54.
    • The Italian States: document 20.
    • Spain: document 64.
  • You should each also choose and read one book or three articles or chapters relevant to the state(s) you are studying. For these items, see below.
General

Ankarloo, Benkt, and Gustav Henningsen, eds, Early Modern European Witchcraft: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford, 1990)

Apps, Lara and Andrew Gow, Male Witches in Early Modern Europe (Manchester, 2003)

Briggs, Robin, Witches and Neighbours: The Social and Cultural Context of European Witchcraft (London, 1996)

Broedel, Hans Peter, The Malleus Maleficarum and the Construction of Witchcraft (Manchester, 2003)

Clark, Stuart, Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe (Oxford, 1997)

Henningsen, Gustav, and John Tedeschi, eds, The Inquisition in Early Modern Europe (Dekalb, Ill., 1986)

Kallestrup, Louise Nyholm, and Raisa Maria Toivo, eds., Contesting Orthodoxy in Medieval and Early Modern Europe: Heresy, Magic and Witchcraft (London, 2017)

Kors, Alan C., and Edward Peters, eds, Witchcraft in Europe, 400-1700: A Documentary History (Philadelphia, 1972; 2001)

Kounine, Laura, and Michael Ostling, eds, Emotions in the History of Witchcraft (London, 2016)

Kramer, Heinrich, and Jacob Sprenger, The Hammer of Witches: A Complete translation of the Malleus maleficarum, trans. Christopher S. Mackay (Cambridge, 2009)

Levack, Brian P., ed., New Perspectives on Witchcraft, Magic and Demonology, 6 vols (New York and London, 2001)

Levack, Brian P., ed., The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America (Oxford, 2013)

Levack, Brian P., The Witchhunt in Early Modern Europe (2nd edn, London, 1995)

Oldridge, Darren, ed., The Witchcraft Reader, 2nd ed. (London, 2008)

Roper, Lyndal, Oedipus and the Devil: Witchcraft, Sexuality and Religion in Early Modern Europe (London, 1994)

Rowlands, Alison, ed., Witchcraft and Masculinities in Early Modern Europe (Basingstoke, 2009)

The British Isles

Darr, Orna Alyagon, Marks of an Absolute Witch: Evidentiary Dilemmas in Early Modern England (Farnham, 2011)

Elmer, Peter, Witchcraft, Witch-hunting, and Politics in Early Modern England (Oxford, 2016)

Gaskill, Malcolm, Witchfinders: A Seventeenth-century English Tragedy (London, 2005)

Gertz, Genelle, Heresy Trials and English Women Writers, 1400–1670 (Cambridge, 2012)

Larner, Christina, The Enemies of God: the Witchhunt in Scotland (London, 1981)

Millar, Charlotte-Rose, Witchcraft, the Devil, and Emotions in Early Modern England (London, 2017)

Sharpe, James, Witchcraft in Early Modern England (Harlow, 2001)

Sharpe, James, Instruments of Darkness: Witchcraft in England 1550-1750 (London, 1997)

Sneddon, Andrew, Witchcraft and Magic in Ireland (London, 2015)

Thomas, Keith, Religion and the Decline of Magic (Harmondsworth, 1973)

Eastern Europe

Kivelson, Valerie, Desperate Magic: The Moral Economy of Witchcraft in Seventeenth-Century Russia (Ithaca, NY, 2013)

Klaniczay, Gábor, and Éva Pócs, eds., Witchcraft and Demonology in Hungary and Transylvania (London, 2017)

Kollmann, Nancy Shields, Crime and Punishment in Early Modern Russia (Cambridge, 2015), Chapter Fifteen.

Ryan, W.F., ‘The Witchcraft Hysteria in Early Modern Europe: was Russia an Exception?’, Slavonic and East European Review 76 (1998), 49-84.

France

Briggs, Robin, The Witches of Lorraine (Oxford, 2007)

Krause, Virginia, Witchcraft, Demonology, and Confession in Early Modern France (Cambridge, 2015)

Monter, William, Judging the French Reformation: Heresy Trials by Sixteenth-century Parlements (Cambridge, MA, 1999)

Monter, William, Witchcraft in France and Switzerland (Ithaca and London, 1976)

The German States

Dillinger, Johannes, "Evil people": A Comparative Study of Witch Hunts in Swabian Austria and the Electorate of Trier, trans. Laura Stokes (Charlottesville, VA, 2009)

Durrant, Jonathan B., Witchcraft, Gender, and Society in Early Modern Germany (Leiden, 2007)

Kounine, Laura, Imagining the Witch: Emotions, Gender, and Selfhood in Early Modern Germany (Oxford, 2018)

Roper, Lyndal, Witch Craze: Terror and Fantasy in Baroque Germany (New Haven, 2004)

Rowlands, Alison, Witchcraft Narratives in Germany: Rothenburg 1561-1652 (Manchester, 2003)

Spee von Langenfeld, Friedrich, Cautio criminalis, or, A Book on Witch Trials, trans. Marcus Hellyer (Charlottesville, VA, 2003)

Walinski-Kiehl, Robert, ‘The Devil’s Children: Child Witch-Trials in Early Modern Germany’, Continuity and Change, 11 (1996), 171-89.

Walinski-Kiehl, Robert, Males, '“Masculine Honor,” and Witch Hunting in Seventeenth-Century Germany', Men and Masculinities 6/3 (2004), 254–271.

The Italian States

Black, Christopher F., The Italian Inquisition (New Haven, 2009)

Cohen, Thomas V., and Elizabeth S. Cohen, Words and Deeds in Renaissance Rome: Trials Before the Papal Magistrates (Toronto, 1993), Chapters Six and Seven.

Delph, Ronald K., Michelle M. Fontaine and John Jeffries Martin, eds, Heresy, Culture, and Religion in Early Modern Italy (Kirksville, MO, 2006)

Ginzburg, Carlo, The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller (London, 1982)

Kallestrup, Louise Nyholm, Agents of Witchcraft in Early Modern Italy and Denmark (London, 2015)

Martin, John Jeffries, Venice's Hidden Enemies: Italian Heretics in a Renaissance City (Baltimore, 2004)

Mayer, Thomas F., The Roman Inquisition: A Papal Bureaucracy and Its Laws in the Age of Galileo (Philadelphia, 2013)

Scandella, Domenico, Domenico Scandella known as Menocchio: His Trials before the Inquisition (1583-1599), ed. Andrea Del Col, trans John and Anne C. Tedeschi (Tempe, AZ, 1997)

Seitz, Jonathan, Witchcraft and Inquisition in Early Modern Venice (Cambridge, 2011)

Spain

Kamen, Henry, The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision, 4th ed. (New Haven, 2014)

Monter, William, Frontiers of Heresy: The Spanish Inquisition from the Basque Lands to Sicily (Cambridge, 1990)

Rawlings, Helen, The Spanish Inquisition (Oxford, 2006)

Schlau, Stacey, Gendered Crime and Punishment: Women and/in the Hispanic Inquisitions (Leiden, 2013)

Homza, Lu Ann, ed. and trans., The Spanish Inquisition, 1478-1614: An Anthology of Sources (Indianapolis, 2006)

Tausiet, María, Urban Magic in Early Modern Spain: abracadabra omnipotens (London, 2014)

Electronic Resources

The Survey of Scottish Witchcraft 1563-1736