Environment and Empire
For this class, everyone should aim to read the Crosby volume. Think about the argument and the evidence being mobilised here, and come prepared to reflect on it in detail.
In addition, students should aim to read one of the Richard Grove readings below …
… and to consider whether some of the other approaches to imperial history that you have considered in the course thus far could be enriched by an environmental perspective.
• A.W. Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (Cambridge, 1986)
• R. Grove, Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600-1800 (Cambridge, 1995)
• R. Grove, ‘Scotland in South Africa: John Croumbie Brown and the roots of settler environmentalism’, in T. Griffiths and L. Robin (eds.), Ecology and Empire: environmental history of settler societies (Edinburgh, 1997).
• R. Grove, 'Imperialism and the discourse of desiccation: the institutionalisation of global environment concerns and the role of the Royal Geographical Society, 1860-1880', in M. Bell & R. A. Butlin (eds.), Geography and Imperialism, 1820-1940 (Manchester, 1995), pp. 36-52.
Further reading on British empire and environmental history:
• W. Beinart and L. Hughes (eds.), Environment and Empire (Oxford, 2007)
• P. Anker, Imperial Ecology: Environmental Order in the British Empire, 1895-1945 (Harvard, 2001).
• J. M. Mackenzie, The Empire of Nature: Hunting, Conservation and British Imperialism (Manchester, 1988)