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Tutor: Professor Rebecca Earle

This session will explore the connections between sexual regulations and colonial ideologies. We will consider the ways in which colonialism drew on, and reinforced, racialised ideas about sexuality, and will assess Michel Foucault’s claim that prohibition and regulation themselves help stimulate sexual desire.

Essay Questions:

What is the relationship between colonialism and desire?

Class readings (read one of the listed):

Foucault, Michel, The Archaeology of Knowledge, trans. A.M. Sheridan, Routledge (London, 1972).

Stoler, Ann Laura, ‘Racial Histories and their Regimes of Truth’, Political Power and Social Theory 11 (1997).

Stoler, Ann Laura, ‘Tense and Tender Ties: The Politics of Comparison in North American History and (Post) Colonial Studies’, Haunted by Empire: Geographies of Intimacy in North American History, ed. Ann Laura Stoler (Durham, 2006).

Stoler, Ann Laura, Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule, University of California Press (Berkeley, 2002).

Stoler, Ann Laura, Race and the Education of Desire: Foucault’s History of Sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things (Durham, 1995).

Young, Robert, Colonial Desire: Hybridity in Theory, Culture and Race (London, 1995).

Further Reading

Stoler, Ann Laura (2002). Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule. Berkeley: UC Press.

White, Luise (1990). Comforts of Home: Prostitution in Colonial Nairobi. Chicago: Chicago UP.

Kanogo, Tabitha (2005). African Womanhood in Colonial Kenya 1900-50 Oxford: James Currey.

Kenyatta, Jomo (1938). Facing Mount Kenya. London: Secker & Warburg. Boulanger, S. (2008). A Puppet on a String: The Manipulation and Nationalisation of the Female Body in the “Female Circumcision Crisis” of Colonial Kenya. Wagadu, 6: 61-74.

Esho, T., Van Wolputte, S., Enzlin, P. (2011). The socio-cultural-symbolic nexus in the perpetuation of female genital cutting: a critical review of existing discourses. Afrika Focus 24: 53-70.

Joshua, S. M. (2009). The Church and the 1929 Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) contestation in Kenya, with special reference to the Scottish Presbyterian Church and the Kikuyu community. Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae: Journal of the Church History Society of Southern Africa 35: 15-30.

Leakey, L.S.B. (1931). The Kikuyu problem on the initiation of girls. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 61: 277-285.

Njambi, W. N. (2007). Irua Ria Atumia and Anti-Colonial Struggles Among the Gikuyu of Kenya: A Counter Narrative on “Female Genital Mutilation”. Critical Sociology 33: 689-708.

Thomas, L. M. (1996). “Ngaitana (I will circumcise myself)”: The Gender and Generational Politics of the 1956 Ban on Clitoridectomy in Meru, Kenya. Gender & History 8: 338-363.

Thomas, L. M. (1998). Imperial Concerns and ‘Women’s Affairs’: State Efforts to Regulate Clitoridectomy and Eradicate Abortion in Meru, Kenya. Journal of African History 39: 121-145.