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Primary sources

Other primary sources

Secondary reading

Ariès, Philippe, Western Attitudes toward Death: From the Middle Ages to the Present (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1974)

Beardsley, Richard K. e Rosalie Hankey, 'The Vanishing Hitchhiker', California Folklore Quarterly, 1, 4 (1942), pp. 303-335

---, 'A History of the Vanishing Hitchhiker', California Folklore Quarterly, 2, 1 (1943), pp. 13-25

Berthin, Christine, Gothic Hauntings. Melancholy Crypts and Textual Ghosts (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010)

Bronfen, Elisabeth, Over her dead body: Death, Femininity and the Aesthetic (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1992)

Brunvand, Jan Harold, The Vanishing Hitchhiker : American Urban Legends and Their Meanings (New York: Norton 1981)

---, The Truth Never Stands in the Way of a Good Story (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000)

Buse, Peter and Andrew Stott (eds.), Ghosts: Deconstruction, Psychoanalysis, History (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999)

Camilletti, Fabio (ed.), Trans-National Gothic, Compar(a)ison. An International Journal of Comparative Literature, special issue, 1-2 (2015)

Castle, Terry, The Female Thermometer: Eighteenth-century Culture and the Invention of the Uncanny (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995)

---, ‘Phantasmagoria: Spectral Technology and the Metaphorics of Modern Reverie’, Critical Inquiry, 15, 1 (Autumn 1988), 26-61

Chartier, Roger, Les Origines culturelles de la Révolution française (Paris: Seuil, 1990).

Clery, Emma J., The Rise of Supernatural Fiction, 1762-1800 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995)

Clubbe, John, ‘The Tempest-toss’d Summer of 1816: Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein’, The Byron Journal, 19 (1991), 26-40

Cusack, Andrew and Barry Murnane (eds.), Popular Revenants. The German Gothic and Its International Reception, 1800-2000 (Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2012)

Dijkstra, Bram, Evil Sisters. The Threat of Female Sexuality and the Cult of Manhood (New York: Knopf, 1996)

Douthwaite, Julia V., The Frankenstein of 1790 and Other Lost Chapters from Revolutionary France (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2012)

Elbert, Monika and Bridget M. Marshall (eds.), Transnational Gothic. Literary and Social Exchanges in the Long Nineteenth Century (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013)

Ellenberger, Henri F., The Discovery of the Unconscious: The History and Evolution of Dynamic Psychiatry (New York: Basic Books, 1981)

Felton, D., Haunted Greece and Rome. Ghost Stories from Classical Antiquity (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1999)

Finucane, Ronald C., Appearances of the Dead. A Cultural History of Ghosts (London: Junction Books, 1982)

Foucault, Michel, History of Madness, ed. by Jean Khalfa, transl. by Jonathan Murphy and Jean Khalfa (London & New York: Routledge, 2006)

Freud, Sigmund, The Uncanny (1919)

Geary, Robert F., The Supernatural in Gothic Fiction. Horror, Belief, and Literary Change (Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1992), pp. 124-25.

Gibson, Matthew, Dracula and the Eastern Question: British and French Vampire Narratives of the Nineteenth-century Near East (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006)

Hall, Daniel, French and German Gothic Fiction in the Late Eighteenth Century (Bern: Peter Lang, 2005).

Handley, Sasha, Visions of an Unseen World : Ghost Beliefs and Ghost Stories in Eighteenth-century England (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2007)

Hay, Simon, A History of the Modern British Ghost Story (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011)

Hills, Matt, The Pleasures of Horror (New York: Continuum, 2005)

Hogle, Jerrold E. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Gothic Fiction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002)

Horner, Avril (ed.), European Gothic. A Spirited Exchange 1760-1960 (Manchester & New York: Manchester University Press, 2002)

Horner, Avril and Sue Zlosnik (eds.), Le Gothic. Influences and Appropriations in Europe and America (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008)

Jenson, Deborah, Trauma and Its Representations. The Social Life of Mimesis in Post-Revolutionary France (Baltimore & London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001)

Johnston, Sarah Iles, Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999)

Jones, David J., Gothic Machine: Textualities, Pre-Cinematic Media and Film in Popular Visual Culture, 1670-1910 (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2011)

---, Sexuality and the Gothic Magic Lantern. Desire, Eroticism and Literary Visibilities from Byron to Bram Stoker (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)

Kessler, Joan C. (ed.) Demons of the Night: Tales of the Fantastic, Madness, and the Supernatural from Nineteenth-Century France (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1995).

Le Goff, Jacques, The Birth of Purgatory, transl. by Arthur Goldhammer (London: Scolar, 1984)

Mannoni, Laurent, The Great Art of Light and Shadow: Archaeology of the Cinema, ed. & transl. by Richard Crangle (Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 2000)

Mannoni, Laurent, Donata Pesenti Campagnoni, and David Robinson (eds.), Light and Movement: Incunabula of the Motion Picture 1420-1896/Luce e movimento: incunaboli dell’immagine animate 1420-1896/Lumière et mouvement: incunables de l’image animée 1420-1896 (Gemona: Le Giornate del cinema muto, 1995)

Mannoni, Octave, ‘I Know Well, but All the Same…’, transl. by G.M. Goshgarian, in Perversion and the Social Relation, ed. by Anne Rothenberg, Dennis A. Foster, and Slavoj Žižek (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003), pp. 68-92

Marshall, Peter, Beliefs and the Dead in Reformation England (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002)

---, Mother Leakey and the Bishop: A Ghost Story (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009)

Masschelein, Anneleen, The Unconcept. The Freudian Uncanny in Late-Twentieth-Century Theory (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2011)

Rieger, James, ‘Dr. Polidori and the Genesis of Frankenstein’, Studies in English Literature 1500-1900, 3 (Winter 1963), 461-72

Schmitt, Jean-Claude, Ghosts in the Middle Ages: The Living and the Dead in Medieval Society, transl. by Teresa Lavender Fagan (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1998)

Stiffler, Muriel W., The German Ghost Story as Genre (New York: Peter Lang, 1993),

Tatar, Maria M., Spellbound. Studies on Mesmerism and Literature (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978)

Van Woudenberg, Maximiliaan, ‘The Variants and Transformations of Fantasmagoriana: Tracing a Travelling Text to the Byron-Shelley Circle’, Romanticism, 20, 3 (2014), 306-320

---, Frankenstein and Fantasmagoriana: An Introductory Blog, online:

Warner, Marina, Phantasmagoria. Spirit Visions, Metaphors, and Media into the Twenty-first Century (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2006),

Watt, James, Contesting the Gothic. Fiction, Genre and Cultural Conflict, 1764-1832 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Wright, Angela, Britain, France and the Gothic, 1764-1820. The Import of Terror (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).