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Interviews

Whilst in Dakar, I was fortunate enough to interview a number of high-profile Senegalese people. This enabled me to bring original material to my thesis, including direct quotes and analysis of interviews with female writers Mame Seck Mbacké, Khadi Fall and Sokhna Benga, male writer, Amadou Lamine Sall and well-known feminist, Penda Mbow. We spoke about subjects such as culture, orality, translation and the roles of Senegalese women. This primary research provided previously unavailable background information, opinions and facts on these issues, amongst others.

To read more about these writers and hear clips from the interviews, click on the links below:

  

Sokhna Benga

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(Audio clip) To hear an extract from my interview with Sokhna Benga, click here.

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Sokhna Benga (originally Mbengue) was born on 12 December 1967. She studied law at Dakar's Université Cheikh Anta Diop and specialised in Maritime Law (DESS DROIT des activités maritimes) at university in Brest, France. She previously worked as Head of Publishing for the Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Sénégal (NEAS), but now works for the Senegalese Ministry of Maritime Economy in Dakar. She is a novelist, poet, scriptwriter and editor and has won many awards for her work, including the prestigious "Grand prix du Président de la République" for her book entitled La Balade du Sabador. Below is a list of some of her works, including eight novels followed by three poetry collections she has written or featured in:

  • Le Dard du Secret. Dakar: Khoudia, 1990.
  • La Balade du Sabador. Dakar: NEAS, 2003.
  • Waly Nguilane, Le Protégé de Roog 1. Dakar: NEAS, 2003.
  • Waly Nguilane, Le Protégé de Roog 2. Dakar: NEAS, 2003.
  • Waly Nguilane ou l'éternel miracle. Dakar: Oxyzone, 2006.
  • Le Temps a une mémoire. Le médecin perd la boule. Dakar: Oxyzone, 2007.
  • Le Temps a une Mémoire. Les souris jouent au chat. Dakar: Oxyzone, 2007.
  • Le Temps a une Mémoire. La caisse était sans proprio. Dakar: Oxyzone, 2007.
  • Bayo, la Mélodie du Temps. Abidjan: NEI, 2007.
  • La Ronde des Secrets Perdus (Poetry). Dakar: Maguilen, 2003.
  • Anthologie de la Poésie Sénégalaise. Dakar. Maguilen, 2003.
  • Paroles Partagées (Poetry Anthology). Dakar: Feu de Brousse, 2005.


To read more about Sokhna Benga, click on the following links:

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Khadi Fall

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(Audio clip) To hear an extract from my interview with Khadi Fall, click here.





Khadi Fall (also known as Khadidjatou Fall) was born on 13 December 1948 and spent her childhood in Dakar before moving overseas to study. She took history and German at Toulouse University and achieved her PhD from the University of Strasbourg. She became a Minister in the Senegalese government in 2000 before working as a Professor at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar where she still teaches German language, cultures and literature. She writes in her spare time, and her second novel, Mademba was awarded the "Grand Prix du Roman" by "Sénégal Culture." Khadi Fall has written two novels, a collection of prose poetry and published a collection of conference papers and articles in French and Wolof:

  • Mademba. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1989.
  • Senteurs d'Hivernage. Paris, L'Harmattan, 1983.
  • Kiiraay/Masks: Poèmes en Prose (in Wolof and English). Iowa: IWP, 1995.
  • Éducation, Culture, Emergence. Dakar: Dakar UP, 2008.


To find out more about Khadi Fall, click on the links below:

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Mame Seck Mbacké

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(Audio clip) To hear an extract from my interview with Mame Seck Mbacké, click here.







Mame Seck Mbacké was born in Gossas, Senegal in October 1947. She studied Economic and Social Development at the Institut des Hautes Études Internationales in Paris. Following her studies she worked as a diplomat in France and Morocco before turning to social work at the Senegalese Consulate in Paris, often dealing with the problems of Senegalese immigrants, including issues of language. Whilst doing social work, she continued her studies, including a degree in International Relations at the Sorbonne and postgraduate studies in Public Health and Nutrition at the Université de Paris I. Mame Seck Mbacké has won awards for her work, including the "Premier Prix de Poésie" from the Ministry of Culture in 1999. Mame Seck has written five collections of poetry, a short story, play and a novel, listed in that order below. She now lives in Dakar where she continues to write whilst working for the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
  • Le chant des Séanes. Caracas, Novembre 1987.
  • Poèmes en Etincelles. Dakar: Kopar, 1999.
  • Pluie – Poésie Les Pieds Sur La Mer. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2000.
  • Les Alizés de la Souffrance: Poèmes. Paris, L’Harmattan, 2001.
  • Lions de la Teranga: L’Envol Sacré. Dakar: Editions Sembène, 2006.
  • “Mame Touba.” Anthologie de la Nouvelle Sénégalaise (1970-1977). Dakar: NEAS, 1997. 163-168.
  • Le Froid et le Piment. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2000.
  • Qui est ma Femme? Paris: L’Harmattan, 2000.


If you would like to learn more about Mame Seck Mbacké, click on the links below:

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Penda Mbow

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(Audio clip) To hear an extract from my interview with Penda Mbow, click here.











Penda Mbow was born in April 1955. She grew up in Dakar and studied history at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop but did her PhD in France at the Université Aix-Marseille. She a well-known political and gender activist and currently runs a movement on youth and citizenship. Mbow has also won awards for her work in society including a prize as one of the "Femmes pionnières" of 1997, and in 2005 was made an Honourary Doctor at the University of Uppsala in Sweden. In 2001 she became Senegal's Minister for Culture. She is now an Associate Professor at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar where she teaches Islamic and European history, and history of the Middle Ages. Penda Mbow has presented many papers and written numerous articles on African socio-political issues during her career, a selection of which you will find below:

  • Cheikh Anta Diop et la libéralisation de la femme africaine. "Afrique Espoir." Vol. 4: 1990.
  • Analphabétisme, pauvreté des femmes : cas du Sénégal. "UNESCO Afrique." August 1993. 24-28.
  • Violence et démocratie. "Femmes et Démocratisation en Afrique : Enjeux et Perspectives." Johannesburg: UNIFEM, 1996. 80-92.
  • Femmes, Violence Religions. "Démocraties Africaines, la Revue de l’IDA" Vol 6: 1996.
  • Innovations religieuses des femmes. UNESCO: UNESCO Afrique. 1996.
  • Excision et Religions Monothéistes. "UNIFEM." July 1997.
  • Women and Academic freedom in Senegal. "Academic freedom." Ed. Ebrima Sall. Dakar: CODESRIA, 1999.
  • Faut-il Pénaliser un Fait Culturel: Quelle Solution à l’Excision? "Présence Africaine." Vol. 60/2: 1999.
  • L’Islam et la Femme Sénégalaise. "Ethiopiques." Vol. 66-67: 2001. 203-224.
  • Hommes et Femmes entre Sphères Publiques et Privées. Dakar: CODESRIA, 2005.


For more about Penda Mbow, click on the links below:

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Amadou Lamine Sall

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(Audio clip) To hear an extract from my interview with Amadou Lamine Sall, click here.












Amadou Lamine Sall was born on 26 March 1951 in Kaolack, Senegal and studied both in France and in his home country. He is well-known for his poetry throughout Francophone Africa, and was hailed as the best poet of his generation by former President of Senegal, Léopold Sédar Senghor. He is a founding member of the "Maison Africaine de la Poésie Internationale" for which he is now President, and has received many honours and prizes for his work, including the Académie Française "Grand Prix." Sall also works as Advisor to the Minister for Culture and is the Organiser of the UNESCO-sponsored Gorée Memorial Project. He regularly presents at conferences and takes part in television debates. Amadou Lamine Sall has published numerous poems and collections of poetry, many of which have been translated into other languages. Here is a selection of his works:

  • Mante des Aurores. Dakar: NEAS, 1979.
  • Comme un Iceberg en Flammes. Dakar: NEAS, 1982.
  • Femme Fatale et Errante ou Locataire du Néant. Dakar: NEAS, 1988.
  • Kamandalu. Dakar: NEAS, 1990.
  • Anthologie des Poètes du Sénégal, Cherche Midi.
  • Regards sur la Francophonie. Dakar: Maguilen, 1991.
  • Le Prophète ou le Cœur aux Mains de Pain. Dakar: Feu de brousse, 1997.
  • Amantes d'Aurores. Dakar: Feu de brousse, 1998.
  • Odes Nues. Paris: En Vues, 1998.
  • Les Veines Sauvages. Nantes: Corbet, 2001.
  • Noces Célestes pour Léopold Sédar Senghor. Dakar: Feu de brousse, 2004.
  • Poèmes d'Afrique pour Enfants, Anthologie. Paris: Cherche Midi, 2004.


There are many websites featuring articles about Amadou Lamine Sall. Here are some of the best, including his own personal website:


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Recording Equipment

"Le traducteur, il est obligé de suivre les traces du créateur.  Et dans ce sens il doit tout faire pour comprendre l’univers de ce créateur avant d’interpréter son œuvre.  Avant de traduire son œuvre." (Mbacké 11)