1. What were the conditions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century which made the emergence of mass anti-colonialism possible?
2. How and why did non-violence emerge as the dominant ideology of anti-colonial nationalism? Was it a successful project?
1. Daniel Thorner, The Shaping of Modern India (New Delhi, 1980), cht. 2, “The Shaping of Modern India” (1950), pp. 19-106
1. Sumit Sarkar, Modern India 1885-1947 (Delhi 2014)
2. Sekhar Bandyopadhyay: From Plassey to Partition: A History of Modern India (Delhi, 2010)
3. Sugata Bose & Ayesha Jalal: Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy (London & New York, 2001)