- What factors led Europeans westwards?
- What were the key differences between Spanish, Portuguese, English and French colonisation efforts in the Americas?
- Why were Native Americans unable to resist the European invasion?
Elliott, J.H. Empires of the Atlantic world: Britain and Spain in America, 1492-1830 (2006), chap. 1
Canny, Nicholas, ‘The ideology of English colonisation’, William and Mary Quarterly, 30 (1973), 575-97
Robert Brenner, ‘The social basis of English commercial expansion, 1550-1650’, Journal of Economic History, 32 (1972), 361-84
Schwartz, Stuart B., ‘The Iberian Atlantic to 1650’ in Nicholas Canny and Philip Morgan (eds), .The Oxford handbook of the Atlantic world, c.1450-c.1850 (2011)
Thornton, John K., A cultural history of the Atlantic world, 1250-1820 (2012), chap. 5
Abulafia, D., The Discovery of Mankind: Atlantic Encounters in the Age of Columbus (2008)
Anderson, Virginia, New England Generation: The Great Migration and the Formation of Society and Culture in the Seventeenth Century (1991)
Armitage D., and M.J. Braddick, eds., The British Atlantic World, 1500-1800 (2002)
Daunton, M., and R. Halpern, eds., Empire and others: British encounters with indigenous peoples, 1600-1850 (1999)
Hassig, Ross. Mexico and the Spanish Conquest (Harlow, 1994).
Lockhart, James. Spanish Peru, 1532-1560: A Social History. 2d ed. (University of Wisconsin Press, 1994).
Morgan, Edmund, American Slavery, American Freedom: the ordeal of colonial Virginia (1975)
Quinn, David B., England and the discovery of America, 1481-1620 (1974)
[Search full-text early American books, pamphlets, broadsides, government documents and rare printed materials. ]
Series 1, 1690-1876
Index and comprehensive guide to printed records about the Americas written in Europe before 1750 containing more than 32,000 entries. It covers the history of European exploration as well as portrayals of native American peoples
Christopher Columbus and the Enterprise of the Indies: A Brief History with Documents, ed. Geoffrey Symcox and Blair Sullivan, Palgrave (2005). [e-book at Library]
Cortés, Hernán, Letters from Mexico (New Haven, 2001), pp. xxxix-lxxi; 160-281: ‘Introduction’ and ‘Third Letter’. [e-book at Library]
León-Portilla, Miguel (ed.) The Broken Spears: An Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Beacon Press, 2006 [e-book at Library]
Titu Cusi Yupanqui. An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru. University Press of Colorado, 2005. [e-book at Library]
John Smith The generall historie of Virginia, New England & the Summer Isles