Tutor: Dr Benjamin Redding
Office Hours: Monday 11-12; Tuesday 3-4
Seminar Time and Location: Fridays 2-3, H4.02
Students: Lucy Bonnamy, James Butler, Catherine Chan, Matthew Eatough, Olivia Gallogly-Clements, George Griffiths, Rachel Hutchinson, Michael Inkpen, Saba Janabi Sardroud, Amber Jones, Arthur King, Aakash Patel, Ellie Peart, Elizabeth Penwill, Neyat Solomon Zerabruk.
Week 1 - The Political Landscape
Welcome back! This week we begin to look at politics in early modern Europe by considering the political landscape of early modern states. For this week, you have two assigned tasks. First, everyone is to read:
- Steve Hindle and Beat Kumin, 'Centre and Periphery' in the European World handbook.
- Stéphane van Damme and Janet Dickinson, 'Courts and Centres', ibid.
Following this, we will discuss and compare the differences in state political constructs. Please research your assigned state (below), and try to uncover to the best of your abilities how the state’s political framework operated. I have recommended sources for your use, but feel free to use the wider reading list if you prefer:
1) Valois France: Lucy Bonnamy, James Butler, Catherine Chan, Matthew Eatough, Olivia Gallogly-Clements.
- J. R. Major, From Renaissance Monarchy to Absolute Monarchy (1994).
- D. Potter, A History of France, 1460-1560: the Emergence of a Nation State (1995).
- D. Parker, The Making of French Absolutism (1983).
- James B. Collins, ‘State Building in Early-Modern Europe: The Case of France’, Modern Asian Studies, 31 (1997).
2) The Habsburg Empire: George Griffiths, Rachel Hutchinson, Michael Inkpen, Saba Janabi Sardroud, Amber Jones.
- Henry Kamen, Spain’s Road to Empire: The Making of a World Power 1492-1763 (2002).
- J. H. Elliot, Spain and its World, 1500-1700 (1989), chapters 4 and 7.
- Geoffrey Parker, The Grand Strategy of Philip II (1998).
- H. G. Koenigsberger, ‘The Statecraft of Philip II’, EHQ, 1 (1971).
3) The Dutch Republic: Arthur King, Aakash Patel, Ellie Peart, Elizabeth Penwill, Neyat Solomon Zerabruk.
- J. Israel, The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness and Fall 1477-1806 (1995).
- H. H. Rowen, The Princes of Orange: The Stadtholders in the Dutch Republic (1988).
- M. Prak, The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century (2005), introduction and chapter 11.
- Jan de Vries, ‘On the Modernity of the Dutch Republic’, Journal of Economic History, 33 (1973).
For those of you interested in early modern British history, you may be interested in comparing these styles of governance with Britain at the time. For example, see the following debate:
- G. R. Elton ‘Tudor Government: The Points of Contact: 1. Parliament’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 24 (1974).
- G. R. Elton, ‘Tudor Government: The Points of Contact II. The Council' TRHS, 25 (1975).
- David Starkey, ‘A Reply: Tudor Government: The Facts?’, TRHS, 31 (1988).
When preparing for the seminar, please consider:
- What were the defining characteristics of early modern politics?
- What were the driving forces and main instruments of European state formation?
- How did Republican regimes differ from other forms of government?
- What was the role of the nobility in the operation of early modern states?
- Can political infrastructure account for the rise or decline of states?
Term 2 Week 2 - The People and Politics
This week we will be considering whether ordinary people were able to play any role in politics. Please read:
- Bernard Capp, 'Riot and Rebellion', in The European World coursebook.
- 'Breaking and Entering' in Wayne Te Brake's Shaping History: Ordinary People in European Politics (1998).
Finally, research your assigned rebellion, and come prepared to discuss the causes, events and consequences of your rebellion:
- Wyatt’s Rebellion (1554) – Lucy
- Ketts Rebellion (1549) – James
- The Pilgrimage of Grace (1536-37) – Catherine
- The Amicable Grant (1525) – Matthew
- The Western Rebellion (Prayer Book Rebellion), 1549 – Olivia
- The Fronde (1648-53)– George
- The Catalan Revolt (1640-59) – Rachel
- The Affair of the Placards (1534) –Neyat
- The Revolt of the Comuneros (1520-21) –Michael
- The Dutch War of Independence (the Dutch Revolt), 1568-1648 –Saba
- The Defenestration of Prague (1618) –Amber
- The Naples Revolt (1647) –Arthur
- The Portuguese Revolution (1640) -Aakash
- Danzig Rebellion (1575-77) -Ellie
- Revolt of Ghent (1539) -Elizabeth
For those of you who have been assigned an English rebellion, I strongly recommend looking at Fletcher & MacCulloch's Tudor Rebellions.
With your readings, consider:
- What were the points of contact between rulers and ruled in the early modern period?
- Would you characterize the relationship between centres and periphery as one of co-operation or conflict?
- Was there a right of resistance, and what forms of popular protest were there?
- What is a rebellion?
- How much of an obstruction was religion to state reform?
- How radical was popular protest?
- How successful was popular revolt?
Week 3 - Early Modern Empires
In this new addition to the module, this week will explore the characteristics of early modern empires both within Europe, and globally. We will consider the extent to which aspiring early modern European states were influenced by non-European empires. In preparation for this seminar, please read:
- S. Subrahmanyam, ‘A Tale of Three Empires: Mughals, Ottomans, and Habsburgs in a Comparative Context’, Common Knowledge 12.1 (2006): 66-92.
- C.K. Woodworth, ‘Ocean and Steppe: Early Modern World Empires’, Journal of Early Modern History 11.6 (2007): 501-518
Then listen to BBC Radio 4 'In Our Time' podcast: 'The Siege of Vienna'
With your readings, consider:
- What were the characteristics of early modern empires?
- How different were early modern empires?
- What challenges did early modern empires pose to their metropoles?
- What effect did early modern empires have on the colonised?
- How did European empires compare to Asian empires?
- What were the challenges facing rulers of early modern empires?
- Which factors contributed to the rise and decline of empires?