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Seminar Seven (Week 5) - Nazi Society in Peace and War

  • Was Hitler a popular leader?
  • Did the Nazi Party succeed in penetrating all aspects of the German state?
  • Was terror or propaganda more important for the regime’s stability?
  • Was there any opposition worth mentioning in the Third Reich?

V. Berghahn Modern Germany, ch. 4
K.-D. Bracher The German Dictatorship, chs. 5 & 7
W. Carr A History of Germany 1815-1990, ch. 13
J. Hiden/JF Explaining Hitler’s Germany, chs. 1 & 3
I. Kershaw* The Nazi Dictatorship, chs. 2, 4 & 8
J. Noakes/GP Nazism 1919-1945, vol. 2
D. Peukert Inside Nazi Germany 

Online NS propaganda sources

Hitler

K.-D. Bracher ‘The Role of Hitler: Perspectives of Interpretation’, in W. Laqueur (ed.), Fascism: A Reader’s Guide, pp. 211-25
R. Breitman ‘Hitler and Genghis Khan’, JCH 1990, 337-51
A. Bullock Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives 
W. Carr Hitler: A Study in Personality and Politics 
M. Domarus Hitler’s Speeches and Proclamations 1932-45, pp. 447-503
J. Fest Hitler 
J. Hiden/JF Explaining Hitler’s Germany, ch. 1
M. Kater ‘Hitler in a Social Context’, Cent Euro Hist 1981, 243-72
I. Kershaw* The ‘Hitler Myth’ 
________ Hitler 
R. Koehl ‘Feudal Aspects of National Socialism’, in H.A. Turner (ed.), Nazism and the Third Reich, pp. 151-74
T. Mason* ‘Intention and Explanation: A Current Controversy ...’, in Hirschfeld/Kettenacker (eds.), The Führer State 
H. Mommsen* ‘Hitler’s Position in the Nazi System’, in ibid., From Weimar to Auschwitz, pp. 163-88
J.P. Stern Hitler: The Führer and the People 

Party and State

R. Bessel ‘Political Violence and the Nazi Seizure of Power’, in ibid. (ed.), Life in the Third Reich
________ Political Violence and the Rise of Nazism, pts. VIII & IX
M. Broszat The Hitler State
J. Caplan ‘Bureaucracy, Politics and the National Socialist State’, in P. Stachura (ed.), The Shaping of the Nazi State
G.A. Craig The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640-1945
U. Herbert ‘Labour and Extermination: Economic Interest and the Primacy of Weltanschauung’, Past & Present 1993, 144-95
G. Hirschfeld The ‘Führer-State’: Myth and Reality
D. Jablonsky ‘Röhm and Hitler: The Continuity of Political-Military Discord’, JCH 1988, 367-86
M. Kater The Nazi Party
K.-J. Müller The Army, Politics and Society in Germany, 1933-45
J. Noakes (ed) Government, Party and People in Nazi Germany
J. Noakes/GP Nazism 1919-1945, vol. 1, ch. 5
R.J. O’Neill The German Army and the Nazi Party, ch. 3
R.J. Overy War and Economy in the Third Reich, esp. ch. 3
B. Wegner The Waffen-SS

Terror

R. Gellately The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy
________* ‘The Gestapo and German Society: Political Denunciation in the Gestapo Case Files’, JMH 1983, 654-94
________ ‘Rethinking the Nazi Terror System: A Historiographical Analysis’, Ger Studies Rev 1991, 23-38
H. Höhne The Order of the Death’s Head: The Story of Hitler’s SS
E. Kogon The Theory and Practice of Hell
H. Krausnick* Anatomy of the SS State
A. Speer The Slave State: Heinrich Himmler’s Masterplan
H. Ziegler Nazi Germany’s New Aristocracy: The SS Leadership 1925-39  

Propaganda

M. Balfour Propaganda in War, 1939-1945
E. Bramsted Goebbels and National Socialist Propaganda
R.E. Herzstein The War that Hitler Won
I. Kershaw The ‘Hitler Myth’
G. Kirwin ‘Waiting for Retaliation: A Study in Nazi Propaganda Behaviour and German Civilian Morale’, JCH 1981, 565-83
D. Welch The Third Reich: Politics and Propaganda
________ (ed) Nazi Propaganda
________, 'Nazi Propaganda and the Volksgemeinschaft: Constructing a People's Community', JCH, 39 (2004), pp. 213-38.
D. Welch ‘Propaganda and Indoctrination in the Third Reich: Success or Failure?’, Euro Hist Qtly 1987
Z. Zeman Nazi Propaganda

Opposition

M. Balfour Withstanding Hitler in Germany 1933-1945
R. Bessel (ed.) Life in the Third Reich (esp. Peukert contribution)
J. Noakes/G. Pridham Nazism 1919-1945, vol. 2, chs. 16-20 & 24
B. Engelmann In Hitler’s Germany: Everyday Life in the Third Reich
R. Grunberger A Social History of the Third Reich
P. Hoffmann The History of the German Resistance
M.H. Kater ‘Forbidden Fruit?: Jazz in the Third Reich’, Amer Hist Rev 1989, 11-43
I. Kershaw Popular Opinion and Political Dissent in the Third Reich
T. Mason* ‘The Workers’ Opposition in Nazi Germany’, Hist Workshop Jnl 1981
H. Mommsen ‘German Society and the Resistance to Hitler’, in ibid., From Weimar to Auschwitz
K.-J. Müller ‘The Structure and Nature of the National Conservative Opposition ...’, in H Koch (ed), Aspects of the 3rd Reich
J. Noakes ‘The Oldenburg Crucifix Struggle of November 1936’, in P. Stachura (ed.), The Shaping of the Nazi State
D. Peukert* Inside Nazi Germany
________ ‘Ruhr Miners under Nazi Repression, 1933-1945’, Oral History 1980, 111-27
J. Stephenson ‘War and Society in Württemberg 1939-45: Beating the System’, Ger Studies Rev 1985