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Seminar Eight (Week 7) - Occupied Germany and the Cold War

  • Who was responsible for the post-war division of Germany?
  • How successfully were the four D’s of the Potsdam Agreement (denazification, demilitarisation, decartelisation and democratisation) implemented under Allied occupation?
  • Why was Berlin the focus of superpower conflict in the European Cold War?
The Division of Germany

C. Eisenberg Drawing the Line: The Decision to Divide GermanyJ.L. Gaddis We Know Now
W. Loth The Division of the World 1941-1955
A.J McAdams Germany Divided: From the Wall to Reunification
A. Deighton ‘The "Frozen Front": The Labour Government, the Division of Germany and the Origins of the Cold War, 1945-7’, International Affairs 1987, 449-65 (SRC)
J Farquharson*‘"The Essential Division": Britain and the Partition of Germany 1945-49’, Ger Hist 1991
D. Staritz ‘The SED, Stalin, and the German Question’, Ger Hist 1992, 274-89
R. Steininger* ‘Germany after 1945: Divided and Integrated or United and Neutral?’, Ger Hist 1989

The Occupation of the Western Zones

The American Zone

R. Boehling, Rebecca, A Question of Priorities: Democratic Reform and Economic Recovery in Postwar Germany
C. Eisenberg, Drawing the Line: The American Decision to Divide Germany, 1944-1949
J. Gimbel, A Community under American Occupation: Marburg 1945-52
* ________, The American Occupation of Germany: Politics and the Military, 1945-49
Peterson, Edward N., The American Occupation of Germany: Retreat to Victory (Detroit, 1978).

British Zone

J. Farquharson ‘The British Occupation of Germany ...: A Badly Managed Disaster Area?’, Ger Hist 1993
B. Marshall ‘German Attitudes to British Military Government, 1945-47’, JCH 1980
I. Turner ed* Reconstruction in Postwar Germany
American Zone
R. Boehling A Question of Priorities: Democratic Reform and Economic Recovery in Postwar Germany
M.J. Enssle ‘The Harsh Discipline of Food Scarcity in Postwar Stuttgart, 1945-1948’, Ger Stud Rev 1987
J. Gimbel* The American Occupation of Germany
________ ‘Project Paperclip: German Scientists, American Policy, and the Cold War’, Dipl Hist 1990

French Zone

F.R. Willis The French in Germany 1945-1949
J. Young, France, the Cold war and the Western Alliance, 1944-49

The Soviet Zone 

A. Cairncross The Price of War: British Policy on German Reparations 1941-1949, esp. ch. 9
N. Naimark* The Russians in Germany
J.P. Nettl The Eastern Zone and Soviet Policy in Germany, 1945-50
G. Sandford From Hitler to Ulbricht
G. Schaffer The Russian Zone


W. Maser Nuremberg: A Nation on Trial
T. Bower Blind Eye to Murder: Britain, America and the Purging of Nazi Germany - a Pledge Betrayed
J. Jones* ‘Eradicating Nazism from the British Zone of Germany’, Ger Hist 1990
D.C. Large ‘Reckoning with the Past: The HIAG of the Waffen-SS and the Politics of Rehabilitation in the Bonn Republic, 1950-1981’, JMH 1987
J.F. Tent Mission on the Rhine: Re-Education and De-Nazification in American-Occupied Germany
I. Turner ‘Denazification in the British Zone’, in ibid. (ed.), Reconstruction in Postwar Germany
A. & J. Tusa The Nuremberg Trial

The Berlin Crises

E. Barker ‘The Berlin Crisis 1958-1962’, Internat Affairs 1963
N. Gelb The Berlin Wall
H. Harrison* ‘Ulbricht and the Concrete "Rose"‘, CWIHP Working Paper No. 5, 1993 (SRC)
A.J. McAdams Germany Divided: From Wall to Reunification
R. Slusser The Berlin Crisis
A. & J. Tusa The Berlin Blockade / The Berlin Airlift
A. Tusa The Last Division: Berlin and the Wall Crisis
V. Zubok ‘Khrushchev and the Berlin Crisis (1958-1962)’, CWIHP Working Paper No. 6, 1993 (SRC)