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Week 5: Total War, 1914-1918

“Help us to Triumph: Buy War Bonds!”, Fritz Erler (1916)

Seminar Questions:

  • Why did Germany go to war in 1914?
  • How did 'ordinary Germans' experience of ‘Total War’? What were the main political, economic and social consequences?
  • How transformative was the First World War?
  • Why did Germany lose?

Reading List:

Required Reading:

Primary Sources:


Further Reading:

Origins and Outbreak:

Military Histories and The Experience of War:

The Home Front: