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seminars and lectures


Term 1

Week 1. Introduction to the history of Israel/Palestine

Key reading: Janes Gelvin (2014) 'The Land and Its Lure' in Gelvin The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War. Gregory Harms with Todd M. Ferry (2008) 'Introduction' in Harms and Ferry The Palestine-Israel conflict: a basic introduction.

Additional reading: Ian J. Bickerton (2009) The Arab-Israeli conflict: a history; C.H. Dodds and M.E. Sales (2015) Israel and the Arab World; Eric Gartman (2015) Return to Zion: the history of modern Israel; James Gelvin (2014) The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War; Gregory Harms with Todd M. Ferry (2008) The Palestine-Israel conflict: a basic introduction; Elie Kedourie and Sylvia G. Haim (2015) Zionism and Arabism in Palestine and Israel; Ilan Pappé (2006) A History of Modern Palestine; Eve Spangler (2015) Understanding Israel/Palestine: race, nation, and human rights in the conflict; Anna Bernard (2013) Rhetorics of Belonging: nation, narration, and Israel/Palestine; Mark LeVine and Gershon Shafir (2012) Struggle and Survival in Palestine/Israel.

Seminar/essay questions: Who are 'Israelis' and 'Palestinians'? What is the 'Israel-Palestine Conflict'?

Week 2. The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine

Key reading: Aiyaz Husain (2014) 'Remapping Zion' in Husain, Mapping the end of empire: American and British strategic visions in the postwar world; and Ellen Jenny Ravndal (2016) ‘The First Major Test’: The UN Secretary-General and the Palestine Problem, 1947–9' International History Review 38:1 196-213.

Additional reading: Elad Ben-Dror (2007) 'How the United Nations Intended to Implement the Partition Plan: The Handbook Drawn up by the Secretariat for the Members of the United Nations Palestine Commission' Middle Eastern Studies 43:6 997-1008; Itzhak Galnoor (1995) The partition of Palestine: decision crossroads in the Zionist movement; Motti Golani (2013) Palestine between politics and terror, 1945-1947; Thomas Lippman (2007) 'The View from 1947: The CIA and the Partition of Palestine' Middle East Journal 61:1 17-28; Moshe Ma'oz (2002) 'The UN Partition Resolution of 1947: Why Was it Not Implemented?' Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 9:4, 15-21; Avi Shlaim (1998) The politics of partition: King Abdullah, the Zionists, and Palestine 1921-1951; Penny Sinanoglou (2009) 'British Plans for the Partition of Palestine, 1929-1938' The Historical Journal 52:1 131-152; John Strawson (2010) Partitioning Palestine: legal fundamentalism in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict; Eliezer Tauber (2002) Personal policy making: Canada's role in the adoption of the Palestine partition resolution; Muhsin Yusuf (2002) 'The Partition of Palestine (1947) - An Arab Perspective' Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 9:4 39-49.

Seminar/essay questions: Why was the UN Partition Plan for Palestine proposed in 1947? Was the 1947 Parition Plan doomed to fail?

Week 3. The Declaration of Independence

Key reading: Jørgen Jensehaugen, Marte Heian-Engdal and Hilde Henriksen Waage (2012) 'Securing the State: From Zionist Ideology to Israeli Statehood' Diplomacy & Statecraft 23:2 280-303; and Amihai Radzyner (2010) 'A Constitution for Israel: The Design of the Leo Kohn Proposal, 1948' Israel Studies 15:1 1-24.

Additional reading: Erez Casif (2014) Why was the State of Israel 'Really' Established?; Michael J Cohen (1998) Palestine to Israel: from mandate to independence; Tuvia Frilling and S. Ilan Troen (1998) 'Proclaiming Independence: Five Days in May from Ben-Gurion's Diary' Israel Studies 3:1 170-194; Sarah Hammerschlag (2010) 'Introduction to "Letter to Maurice Blanchot on the Creation of the State of Israel"' Critical Inquiry 36:4 642-644; Don Handelman (1994) 'Contradictions Between Citizenship and Nationality: Their Consequences for Ethnicity and Inequality in Israel' International Journal of Politics, Culture & Society 7:3 441-459; Ian S. Lustick (1994) Triumph and catastrophe: the War of 1948, Israeli independence, and the refugee problem; Ilan Pappe (2009) 'The vicissitudes of the 1947 historiography of Israel' Journal of Palestine Studies 39:1 6-23; Bernard Reich (1991) 'Themes in the History of the State of Israel' American Historical Review 96:5 1466-1478; Elyakim Rubinstein (1998) 'The Declaration of Independence as a Basic Document of the State of Israel' Israel Studies 3:1 195-210; S. Ilan Troen and Noah Lucas (1995) Israel: the first decade of independence.

Seminar/essay questions: What did the Declaration of Indepdence say and why? What were the legacies of the Declaration of Independence?

Week 4. The Nakba

Key reading: Manna' Adel (2013) 'The Palestinian Nakba and its Continuous Repercussions' Israel Studies 18:2 86-99; and Esther Webman (2009) 'The Evolution of a Founding Myth: The Nakba and Its Fluctuating Meaning' in Meir Litvak Palestinian collective memory and national identity.

Additional reading: Diana Allan (2005) 'Mythologising Al-Nakba: Narratives, Collective Identity and Cultural Practice among Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon' Oral History 331:1 47-56; Hillel Frisch (2003) 'Ethnicity or Nationalism? Comparing the Nakba Narrative among Israeli Arabs and Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza' Israel Affairs 9:1/2 165–84; Muhammad Hallaj (2008) 'Recollections of the Nakba through a Teenager's Eyes' Journal of Palestine Studies 38:1 66-73; Rema Hammami (2010) 'Gender, Nakba and Nation: Palestinian Women's Presence and Absence in the Narration of 1948 Memoirs' in Pappe and Hilal, Across the wall: narratives of Israeli-Palestinian history; Elias Khoury (2012) 'Rethinking the Nakba' Critical Inquiry 38:2 250-266; Ronit Lentin (2014) Co-memory and melancholia: Israelis memorialising the Palestinian Nakba; Meir Litvak (2009) Palestinian collective memory and national identity; Nur Masalha (2012) The Palestine Nakba: decolonising history, narrating the subaltern, reclaiming memory; Jo Roberts (2013) Contested land, contested memory: Israel's Jews and Arabs and the ghosts of catastrophe; Ahmad H. Sa'di and Lila Abu-Lughod (2007) Nakba: Palestine, 1948, and the claims of memory.

Seminar/essay questions: What was the Nakba? How is the Nakba remembered?

Week 5. Immigrant camps and refugee camps

Key reading: Nur Masalha (2010) 'Dis/Solving' the Palestinian Refugee Problem: Israeli 'Resettlement' Plans in the First Decade of the State (1948-1958)' in Pappe and Hilal, Across the wall: narratives of Israeli-Palestinian history; and Avi Picard (2013) 'The Reluctant Soldiers of Israel's Settlement Project: The Ship to Village Plan in the mid-1950s'
Middle Eastern Studies 49:1 29-46.

Additional reading: Fatina Abreek-Zubiedat (2015) 'The Palestinian refugee camps: the promise of ‘ruin’ and ‘loss’ Rethinking History 19:1 72-94; Diana Allan (2014) Refugees of the revolution: experiences of Palestinian exile; Nihad Boqa'i (2008) 'Palestinian Internally Displaced Persons inside Israel: Challenging the Solid Structures' Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 15/16:4/1 31-43; Amir Goldstein (2016) 'The kibbutz and the ma’abara (transit camp): The case of the Upper Galilee kibbutzim and Kiryat Shmona, 1949–1953' Journal of Israeli History 35:1 17-37; Devorah Hakohen (2003) Immigrants in Turmoil; Isabelle Humphries (2005) 'A muted sort of grief': Tales of refuge in Nazareth 1948-2005' (2005) in Masalha Catastrophe remembered; Irit Katz (2015) 'Spreading and Concentrating' City 19:5 727-740; Nur Masalha (2003) The politics of denial: Israel and the Palestinian refugee problem; Orit Rozin (2011) 'Somewhere in the Transit Camp' in Rozin, The rise of the individual in 1950s Israel; Anita Shapira (2012) 'The Great Aliya: Mass Immigration' in Shapira Israel: A History.

Seminar/essay questions: Who was on the move in Israel in the late 1940s and 1950s and why? What were the consequences of the displacement of people following Israel's independence?

Week 7. The Eichmann Trial

Key reading: Anita Shapira (2004) 'The Eichmann Trial: Changing Perspectives' Journal of Israeli History 23:1 18-39; and Hanna Yablonka (2003) 'The Development of Holocaust Consciousness in Israel: The Nuremberg, Kapos, Kastner, and Eichmann Trials' Israel Studies 8(3) 1-24.

Additional reading: David Cesarani (2005) After Eichmann; Martin L. Davies, Claus-Christian W. Szejnmann (2006) How the Holocaust Looks Now; Orna Kenan (2003) Between Memory and History; Ronit Lentin (2000) Israel and the daughters of the Shoah; Amit Pinchevski et al '(2007) 'Eichmann on the Air: Radio and the Making of an Historic Trial' Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television 27:1 1-25; Michal Shaul (2013) Holocaust memory in ultra-Orthodox Society in Israel: Is it a “counter-memory”? Journal of Israeli History 32:2 219-239; Yechiam Weitz (1996) 'The Holocaust on Trial' Israel Studies 1:2: 1-26; Yechiam Weitz (2007) 'Dialectical versus Unequivocal Israeli Historiography’s Treatment of the Yishuv and Zionist Movement Attitudes toward the Holocaust' in Morris, Making Israel; Idith Zertal (2005) Israel's Holocaust and the Politics of Nationhood; Moshe Zuckermann (2010) 'The Shoah on Trial: Aspects of the Holocaust in Israeli Political Culture' in Pappe and Hilal, Across the wall: narratives of Israeli-Palestinian history.

Seminar/essay questions: What is the legacy of the Holocaust in Israel? Was the Eichmann Trial a turning point in attitudes towards the Holocaust?

Week 8. The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and Hamas

Key reading: Wendy Pearlman (2011) 'Roots and Rise of the Palestine Liberation Organization, 1949–1987' in Pearlman, Violence, Nonviolence, and the Palestinian National Movement; and Elizabeth Thompson (2013) 'Abu Iyad: The Palestinian Liberation Organization and the Turn to Political Violence' in Thompson, Justice Interrupted.

Additional reading: Musa Budeiri (2010) 'Democracy... and the Experience of National Liberation: The Palestinian Case' in Pappe and Hilal, Across the wall: Narratives of Israeli-Palestinian history; Richard Davis (2016) Hamas, Popular Support and War in the Middle East; Tristan Dunning (2016) Hamas, Jihad and Popular Legitimacy; Hillel Frisch (2009) 'The Death of the PLO' Middle Eastern Studies 45:2 243-261; Rashid Khalidi (2007) The Iron Cage; Issam Nasser (2010) 'Palestinian Nationalism: The Difficulties of Narrating an Ambivalent Identity' in Pappe and Hilal, Across the wall: Narratives of Israeli-Palestinian history; Barry Rubin (1994) Revolution until victory?: The politics and history of the PLO; Yezid Sayigh (1999) Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993; Omar Shweiki (2014) 'Before and Beyond Neoliberalism: The Political Economy of National Liberation, the PLO and ‘amal ijtima’i' in Turner and Shweiki, Decolonizing Palestinian political economy; Ora Szekely (2017) 'The PLO' in The politics of militant group survival in the Middle East: resources, relationships, and resistance.

Seminar/essay questions: How can we account for the rise and fall of the PLO? How successful was the PLO?

Week 9. "Side by Side: Parallel Histories"

Key reading: Sami Adwan and Dan Bar-On (2010) 'Shared History Project: A PRIME Example of Peace-Building under Fire' Internaional Journal of Politics, Culture and Society 17:3 513-521; and Jamil Hilal and Pappé (2010) 'PALISAD: Palestinian and Israeli Academics in Dialogue' in Pappe and Hilal Across the wall: narratives of Israeli-Palestinian history.

Additional reading: Susan Lanser and Shlomith Rimmon-Kenan (2016) 'Israeli-Palestinian Narratives and the Polictices of Form' European Journal of English Studies 20:3 310-325; Nancy Partner (2008) 'The Linguistic Turn along Post-Postmodern Borders: Israeli/Palestinian Narrative Conflict' New Literary History 39:4 823-845; Andrew Pilecki and Phillip Hammack (2014) "Victims" Versus "Righteous Victims": The Rhetorical Construction of Social Categories in Historical Dialogue Among Israeli and Palestinian Youth' Political Psychology 35:6 813-830; Hannan Hever (2012) 'The Post-Zionist Condition' Critical Inquiry 38:3 630-648; Riad Nasser and Irene Nasser 'Textbooks as a vehicle for segregation and domination: state efforts to shape Palestinian Israelis' identities as citizens' Journal of Curriculum Studies 40:5 627-650; Sari Nusseibeh (2011) What is a Palestinian State Worth? Robert Rotberg (2006) Israeli and Palestinian narratives of conflict: history's double helix; Abdel Monem Said Aly (2013) Arabs and Israelis: conflict and peacemaking in the Middle East; Paul Scham and Benjamin Pogrund (2013) 'Introduction to Shared Narratives—A Palestinian-Israeli Dialogue' Israel Studies 18:2 1-10; Said Zeedani (2013) ‘Recognition of the Other and His Past.’ Israel Studies 18.2: 148–155 Israel Studies 18:2 148-155.

Seminar/essay questions: Can there only be 'Israeli histories' and 'Palestinian histories'? Is their a value to a single history of Israel/Palestine?

Week 10. Motherhood and the military

Key reading: Udi Lebel (2014) 'War Opponents and Proponents' in Cooper and Phelan, Motherhood and War; and Michael Loadenthal (2014) 'Reproducing a Culture of Martyrdom' in Cooper and Phelan, Motherhood and War.

Additional reading: Nahla Abdo and Ronit Lentin (2004) Women and the politics of military confrontation: Palestinian and Israeli gendered narratives of dislocation; Nitza Berkovitch (1997) 'Motherhood as a national mission: The construction of womanhood in the legal discourse in Israel' Women's Studies International Forum 20:5/6 605-619; Hanna Herzog (1998) 'Homefront and Battlefront: The Status of Jewish and Palestinian Women in Israel' Israel Studies 3:1 61-84; Einat Lachover (2009) 'Women in the Six Day War through the eyes of the media' Journal of Israeli History 28:2 117-135; Orly Lubin (2002) 'Gone to Soldiers: Feminism and the Military in Israel' Journal of Israeli History 21:2 164-192; Omi Morgenstern-Leissner (2006) 'Hospital Birth, Military Service and the Ties that Bind Them: The Case of Israel' Nashim 12 203-241; Julie Peteet (1997) 'Mothering in the danger zone' Signs 23:1 p103-129; Joyce Robbins and Uri Ben-Eliezer (2000) 'New roles or 'new times'? Gender inequality and militarism in Israel's nation-in-arms' International Studies in Gender, State & Society 7:3 309-342; Lilach Rosenberg-Friedman (2008) 'The Nationalization of Motherhood and the Stretching of its Boundaries: Shelihot Aliyah and evacuees in Eretz Israel (Palestine) in the 1940s' Women's History Review 17:5 767-785; Orly Shachar (1999) 'The womb of a woman belongs to the motherland' War & Society 17:1 101-120.

Seminar/essay questions: Why has motherhood been termed a 'national mission'? What has been seen as the role of a woman in times of war?

Term 2

Week 1. Kibbutzim

Key reading: Raymond Russell et al (2013) 'Development of the Kibbutzim' in Russell et al The renewal of the kibbutz; and Christopher Warhurst (1994) 'The End of Another Utopia? The Israeli Kibbutz and Its Industry in a Period of Transition' Utopian Studies 5:2 103-121.

Additional reading: Eliezer Ben-Rafael (2011) 'Kibbutz: Survival at Risk' Israel Studies 16:2 81-108; Yael Darr (2011) 'Discontent from Within: Hidden Dissent Against Communal Upbringing in Kibbutz Children's Literature of the 1940s & 1950s' Israel Studies 16:2 127-150; Aryei Fishman (2002) Judaism and collective life; Sylvie Fogiel-Bijaoui (2007) Women in the Kibbutz: The “Mixed Blessing” of Neo-Liberalism' Nashim 13 102-122; Amir Goldstein (2016) 'The kibbutz and the ma’abara (transit camp): The case of the Upper Galilee kibbutzim and Kiryat Shmona, 1949–1953' Journal of Israeli History 35:1 17-37; Liora Gvion (2015) 'The Changing Significance of Cooking and Meals for Kibbutz Women' Food & Foodways: History & Culture of Human Nourishment 23:3 163-185; Aziza Khassoom (2014) 'The Kibbutz in Immigration Narratives of Bourgeois Iraqi and Polish Jews Who Immigrated to Israel in the 1950s' Israel Studies 19:2 70-93; Amia Lieblich (2010) 'A century of childhood, parenting, and family life in the kibbutz' Journal of Israeli History 29:1 1-24; David Mittelberg and Nikolay Borschevsky (2004) 'National Minority, National Mentality, and Communal Ethnicity: Changes in Ethnic Identity of Former Soviet Union Jewish Emigrants on the Israeli Kibbutz' International Migration 42:1 89-115; Henry Near (1997) The Kibbutz Movement: A History (Volume 2).

Seminar/essay questions: Is the story of the kibbutzim one of renewal or decline? Did the kibbutzim meet the needs of their members?

Week 2. The ‘Yemenite Children Affair’

Key reading: Shoshana Madmoni-Gerber (2009) 'Introduction' in Madmoni-Gerber, Israeli Media and the Framing of Internal Conflict; and Meira Weiss (2001) 'The Immigrating Body and the Body Politic: The 'Yemenite Children Affair' and Body Commodification in Israel' Body 7:2/3 93-109.

Ehud Ein-Gil and Moshé Machover (2009) 'Zionism and Oriental Jews: a dialectic of exploitation and co-optation' Race & Class 50:3 62-76; Amir Goldstein (2016) 'The kibbutz and the ma’abara (transit camp): The case of the Upper Galilee kibbutzim and Kiryat Shmona, 1949–1953' Journal of Israeli History 35:1 17-37; Peter Medding (2007) Sephardic Jewry and Mizrahi Jews; Esther Meir-Glitzenstein (2011) Operation Magic Carpet: Constructing the Myth of the Magical Immigration of Yemenite Jews to Israel' Israel Studies 16:3 149-173; Sigal Nagar-Ron and Pnina Motzafi-Haller (2011) 'My Life? There Is Not Much to Tell”: On Voice, Silence and Agency in Interviews With First-Generation Mizrahi Jewish Women Immigrants to Israel' Qualitative Inquiry 17:7 653-663; Avi Picard (2017) 'Like a Phoenix: The Renaissance of Sephardic/Mizrahi Identity in Israel in the 1970s and 1980s' Israel Studies 22:2 1-25; Bryan Roby (2015) The Mizrahi Era of Rebellion; Orit Rozin (2011) 'Somewhere in the Transit Camp' in Rozin, The rise of the individual in 1950s Israel; Meira Weiss (2001) 'The Children of Yemen: Bodies, Medicalization, and Nation-Building' Medical Anthropology Quarterly 15:2 206-221; Oren Yiftachel (2000) 'Social Control, Urban Planning and Ethno-Class Relations: Mizrahi Jews in Israel's 'Development Towns' International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 24:2 418-38.

Seminar/essay questions: How can we account for the yemenite children affair? To what extent have Mizrahi Jews been discriminated against in Israel?

Week 3. Ethiopian Jews in Israel

Key reading: Uri Ben-Eliezer (2008) 'Multicultural society and everyday cultural racism: second generation of Ethiopian Jews in Israel's 'crisis of modernization'.Ethnic & Racial Studies 31:5 935-961; and Steven Kaplan (1999) 'Can the Ethiopian Change His Skin? The Beta Israel (Ethiopian Jews) and Racial Discourse' African Affairs 98 535-550.

Additional reading: Jon G. Abbink (2002) 'Ethnic Trajectories in Israel. Comparing the "Bené Israel" and "Beta Israel" Communities, 1950-2000' Anthropos. 97:1 3-19; Amith Ben-David and Adital Tirosh Ben-Ari (1997) 'The Experience of Being Different: Black Jews in Israel' Journal of Black Studies 27:4 510-527; Hanan Chehata (2012) 'Israel: promised land for Jews … as long as they’re not black?' Race & Class 53:4 67-77; Monika Edelstein (2002) 'Lost Tribes and Coffee Ceremonies: Zar Spirit Possession and the Ethno-Religious Identity of Ethiopian Jews in Israel' Journal of Refugee Studies 15:2 153-170; Steven Kaplan (2013) 'Ethiopian Immigrants in Israel The Discourses of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Racism' in Sicher Race, color, identity; Nissim Mizrachi and Adane Zawdu (2012) 'Between global racial and bounded identity: choice of destigmatization strategies among Ethiopian Jews in Israel' Ethnic and Racial Studies 35:3 436-452; Tudor Parfitt and Emanuela Trevisan Semi (2016) The Beta Israel in Ethiopia and Israel; Don Seeman (2009) One People, one blood; Stephen Spector (2004) Operation Solomon; Shalva Weil (1996) 'Religion, Blood and the Equality of Rights - The Case of Ethiopian Jews in Israel' International Journal on Minority and Group Rights 4:3 397-412.

Seminar/essay questions: How were Ethopian Jews recieved in Israel? How do Ethopian Jews identify themselves?

Week 4. Russian Jews in Israel

Key reading: Rivka Eisikovits (2014) 'Second generation identities: The case of transnational young females of Russian descent in Israel' Ethnicities 14:3 392-411; and Larissa Remennick (2004) 'Providers, Caregivers, and Sluts: Women with a Russian Accent in Israel' Nashim 8 87-114.

Additional reading: Majid Al-Haj (2004) Immigration and ethnic formation in a deeply divided society; Illa Ben-Porat (2011) 'Perpetual Diaspora, Changing Homelands' Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 17:1 75-95; Roberta Cohen (1990) Soviet Jewish Emigration to Israel; Larisa Fialkova and Maria N. Yelenevskaya (2007) Ex-Soviets in Israel; Olga Gershenson (2009) 'Accented memory: Russian immigrants reimagine the Israeli past' Journal of Israeli History 28:1 21-36; Adi Kuntsman (2003) 'Double homecoming: sexuality, ethnicity, and place in immigration stories of Russian lesbians in Israel' Women's Studies International Forum 26:4 299-311; Elazar Leshem (2008) 'Being an Israeli: Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union in Israel, fifteen years later' Journal of Israeli History 27:1 29-49; Elena Neiterman and Tamar Rapoport (2009) 'Converting to Belong: Immigration, Education and Nationalization among Young "Russian" Immigrant Women' Gender and Education 21:2 173-189; Larissa Remennick (2009) 'The Two Waves of Russian-Jewish Migration from the USSR/FSU to Israel: Dissidents of the 1970s and Pragmatics of the 1990s' Diaspora 18:1/2 44-66; Erez Tzfadia and Haim Yacobi (2007) 'Identity, Migration and the City' Urban Geography 28:5 436-455.

Seminar/essay questions: Has the migration of Russian Jews to Israel been a success story? How has the immigrant experience of Russian Jews been gendered?

Week 5. Everyday life in East Jerusalem, Gaza and the West Bank

Key reading: Marisa Escribano and Nazmi El-Joubeh (1981) Migration and Change in a West Bank Village: The Case of Deir Dibwan' Journal of Palestine Studies 11:1 150-160 and Penny Johnson (2007) 'Tales of Strength and Danger: Sahar and the Tactics of Everyday Life in Amari Refugee Camp, Palestine' Signs 32:3 597-619.

Additional reading: Cairo Arafat et al (2016) 'Whither the "Children of the Stone"? An Entire Life under Occupation' Journal of Palestine Studies 45:2 77-108; Irene Calis (2017) 'Routine and rupture: The everyday workings of abyssal (dis)order in the Palestinian food basket' American Ethnologist 44:1 65-76; Samih K. Farsoun and Naseer H. Aruri (2006) Palestine and the Palestinians: a social and political history; Sherna Berger Gluck (1995) 'Palestinian Women: Gender Politics and Nationalism' Journal of Palestine Studies 24:3 5-15; Penny Johnson et al (2009) 'Weddings and War' Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 5:3 11-35; Iris Jean Klein (2001) 'Nationalism and Resistance: The Two Faces of Everyday Activism in Palestine during the Intifada' Cultural Anthropology 16:1 83-126; Cate Malek and Mateo Hoke (2015) Palestine speaks: narratives of life under occupation; Ilan Pappé (2016) The biggest prison on earth; Livia Wick (2008) 'Building the infrastructure, modeling the nation: the case of birth in Palestine' Culture, Medicine And Psychiatry 32:3 328-57; Ido Zelkovitz (2014) 'Education, Revolution and Evolution: The Palestinian Universities as Initiators of National Struggle 1972-1995' History of Education 43:3 387-407.

Seminar/essay questions: What does 'everday life' mean for people in East Jerusalem, Gaza and the West Bank? 'The biggest prison on earth' - do you agree with this description of the East Jerusalem, Gaza and the West Bank?

Week 7. Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat and the Oslo Accords

Key reading: Oren Barak (2005) 'The Failure of the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process, 1993-2000' Journal of Peace Research 42:6 719-736 and Nadav Morag (2000) 'Unambiguous Ambiguity: The Opacity of the Oslo Peace Process' Israel Affairs 6: 3/4 200-220.
Additional reading: Claudia Baumgart-Ochse (2009) 'Democratization in Israel, politicized religion and the failure of the Oslo peace process' Democratization 16:6 1115-1142; Danny Ben-Moshe (2005) 'The Oslo Peace Process and Two Views on Judaism and Zionism, 1992-1996' British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 32:1 13-27; Leslie Derfler (2014) Yitzhak Rabin; Lev Grinberg (2010) 'The Derailment of Peace: Rabin's Assassination, Democracy and Post-Conflict Agendas' in Pappe and Hilal, Across the wall: narratives of Israeli-Palestinian history; George Ivezaj (1998) 'Oslo Breakdown: The Failing Israeli and Palestinian Peace Process' Journal of International Law and Practice 7:2 275-290; Nadim Khoury (2016) 'National narratives and the Oslo peace process: How peacebuilding paradigms address conflicts over history' Nations & Nationalism 22:3 465-483; Menachen Klein (2004/5) 'Arafat as a Palestinian Icon' Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 11: 3/4 30-38; David Makovsky (1996) Making peace with the PLO: the Rabin government's road to the Oslo Accord; Dearn Pruitt et al (1997) 'A Brief History of the Oslo Talks'
International Negotiation 2:2 177-182; Avi Shlaim (1994) 'Prelude to the Accord: Likud, Labor, and the Palestinians' Journal of Palestine Studies 23:2 5-19.

Seminar/essay questions: Why were the Oslo Accords signed in 1993? Why did the Oslo Accords fail?

Week 8. Israeli Arabs?

Key reading: Ilan Peleg (2011) 'Palestinians in Israel' in Peleg and Waxman Israel's Palestinians; and Mohammed Saif-Alden Wattad (2011) 'I Believe: Israeli Arabs - Lost in a Sea of Identities' Beijing Law Review 2:1 1-7.

Additional reading: Leora Bilsky (2009) 'Speaking through the Mask: Israeli Arabs and the Changing Faces of Israeli Citizenship' Middle East Law and Governance 1 166-209; Hillel Cohen (2010) Good Arabs; Anat First (2010) 'Enemies, fellow victims, or the forgotten? News coverage of Israeli Arabs in the 21st century' Conflict & Communication Online 9:2 1-11; Hillel Frisch (2011) Israel's Security and its Arab Citizens; Hillel Frisch (2011) 'Positions and Attitudes of Israeli Arabs regarding the Arab World, 1990-2001' Middle Eastern Studies 39:4 99-120; Rhoda Ann Kanaaneh and Isis Nusair (2010) Displaced at Home; Laurence Louër (2007) To be an Arab in Israel; Ilan Pappe (2011) The Forgotten Palestinians; Izhak Schnell (1994) Perceptions of Israeli-Arabs; Ben White (2012) Palestinians in Israel.  

Seminar/essay questions: Israeli Arab or Palestinian? Discuss. Why have Israeli Arabs been forgotten? 

Week 9. Reprodcution and Assisted Reproduction in Israel

Key reading: Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli (2016) 'Thirty-five years of assisted reproductive technologies in Israel' Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online 2:C 16-23; and Susan Martha Kahn (2000) 'Introduction' in Kahn Reproducing Jews: a cultural account of assisted conception in Israel.

Additional reading: Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli (2003) 'Reproductive policy in context: implications on women's rights in Israel, 1945-2000' Policy Studies 24:2/3 101-113; Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli (2009) 'The politics of ‘The Natural Family’ in Israel: State policy and kinship ideologies' Social Science & Medicine 69:7 1018-1024 Larissa Remennick (2008) 'Contested motherhood in the ethnic state: Voices from an Israeli postpartum ward' Ethnicities 8:2 199-226; Lilach Rosenberg-Friedman (2015) 'David Ben-Gurion and the ‘Demographic Threat’: His Dualistic Approach to Natalism, 1936–63' Middle Eastern Studies 51:5 742-766;Jona Schellekens and Zvi Eisenbach (2010) 'Religiosity and Marital Fertility: Israeli Arab Muslims, 1955-1972' Journal of Family History 35:2 147-163; JG Schenke (1987) 'In-vitro fertilization (IVF), embryo transfer (ET) and assisted reproduction in the State of Israel' Human Reproduction 2:8 755-8; Shirley Shalev and Dafna Lemish (2012) 'Dynamic Infertility' Feminist Media Studies 12:3 371-388; Frida Simonstein (2010) 'IVF policies with emphasis on Israeli practices' Health Policy 97:2/3 202-208; Rebecca Steinfeld (2015) 'Wars of the Wombs' Israel Studies 20:2 1-26; Elly Telman (2001) 'Technological Fragmentation and Women's Empowerment: Surrogate Motherhood in Israel' Women's Studies Quarterly 29:3/4 11-34

Seminar/essay questions: Why has Israel been a world leader in the development and use of reproductive technologies? Why has Israel been called a 'pronatalist' state?

Week 10. Minoritiy experiences: Bedouins, Christians and Druze

Key reading: Itai Beeri and Mansur Saad (2014) 'Political Participation Unconditioned by Inequality and Discrimination: The Case of Minorities-within-Minorities in Israeli-Arab Mixed Municipalities' Journal of Ethnic & Migration Studies 40:10 1526-1549; and Noah Haiduc-Dale (2015) 'Rejecting Sectarianism: Palestinian Christians' Role in Muslim–Christian Relations' Islam & Christian-Muslim Relations 26:1 75-88.
Additional reading: Eduardo Wassim Aboultaif (2015) 'Druze Politics in Israel: Challenging the Myth of “Druze-Zionist Covenant”' Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 35:4 533-555; Sarab Abu-Rabia-Queder and Naomi Weiner-Levy (2008) 'Identity and gender in cultural transitions' Social Identities 14:6 665-682; Nuzha Allassad Alhuzail (2014) “The Blessing” in the Lives of Three Generations of Bedouin Women' Affilia 29:1 30-42; Steven Dinero (2010) Settling for less; Yehunda Gruenberg (2008) 'Not all Who Wander Should be Lost: The Rights of Indigenous Bedouins in the Modern State of Israel' Brooklyn Journal of International Law 34:1 185-206; Rabah Halabi (2014) 'Invention of a Nation: The Druze in Israel' Journal of Asian & African Studies 49:3 267-281; Bard Helge Kartveit (2014) Dilemmas of attachment: identity and belonging among Palestinian Christians; Merav Mack (2015) 'Orthodox and Communits: A History of a Christian Community in Mandate Palestine and Israel' British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 42:4 384-400; Mordechai Nisan (2010) 'The Druze in Israel: Questions of Identity, Citizenship, and Patriotism' Middle East Journal 64:4 575-596; Laila Parsons (2000) The Druze between Palestine and Israel, 1947-49.

Seminar/essay questions: What is the status of Israel's minorities? How do Israel's minorities see themselves in relation to the state?

Term 3

Week 1. New residents

Key reading: Nelly Elias and Adriana Kemp (2010) 'The New Second Generation: Non-Jewish Olim , Black Jews and Children of Migrant Workers in Israel' Israel Studies 15:1 73-94 and Robin A.Harper and Hani Zubida (2010) 'Making room at the table: Incorporation of foreign workers in Israel' Policy and Society 29:4 371-383.

Additional reading: David Bartram (1998) 'Foreign Workers in Israel: History and Theory' International Migration Review 32:2 303-325; Nir Cohen and Talia Margalit (2015) 'There are really two cities here': fragmented urban citizenship in Tel Aviv' International Journal of Urban & Regional Research 39:4 666-686; Yaron Hadas et al (2013) 'Infiltrators' or Refugees? An Analysis of Israel's Policy Towards African Asylum-Seekers' International Migration 51 Issue 4, p144-157; Vivienne Jackson (2013) “This is Not the Holy Land”: Gendered Filipino Migrants in Israel and the Intersectional Diversity of Religious Belonging' Religion and Gender 3:1 6-21; Adriana Kemp et al (2000) 'Contesting the limits of political participation: Latinos and black African migrant workers in Israel' Ethnic and Racial Studies 23:1 94-119; Li Minghuan (2012) 'Making a living at the interface of legality and illegality: Chinese migrant workers in Israel' International Migration 50:2 81-98; Alejandro Paz (2016) 'Speaking like a citizen: Biopolitics and public opinion in recognizing non-citizen children in Israel' Language & Communication 48 18-27; Julia Resnik (2009) 'Contextualizing Recognition, Absence of Recognition, and Misrecognition: The Case of Migrant Workers' Children in Daycares in Israel' Journal of Curriculum Studies 41:5 625-649; Galia Sabar (2004) 'African Christianity in the Jewish State: Adaptation, Accommodation and Legitimization of Migrant Workers' Churches, 1990-2003' Journal of Religion in Africa 34:4 407-437; Sarah Willen (2007) 'Toward a Critical Phenomenology of “Illegality”: State Power, Criminalization, and Abjectivity among Undocumented Migrant Workers in Tel Aviv, Israel' International Migration 45:3 8-38.

Seminar/essay questions? 'Benign neglect to active hostility' - does this statement characterise Israel's changing attitudes towards non-Jewish migrants in the 21st century? Do Israel's new residents want to be Israelis?

Week 2. Conclusions

Key reading: Janes Gelvin (2014) 'The Land and Its Lure' in Gelvin The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War. Gregory Harms with Todd M. Ferry (2008) 'Introduction' in Harms and Ferry The Palestine-Israel conflict: a basic introduction.
Additional reading: Ian J. Bickerton (2009) The Arab-Israeli conflict: a history; C.H. Dodds and M.E. Sales (2015) Israel and the Arab World; Eric Gartman (2015) Return to Zion: the history of modern Israel; James Gelvin (2014) The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War; Gregory Harms with Todd M. Ferry (2008) The Palestine-Israel conflict: a basic introduction; Elie Kedourie and Sylvia G. Haim (2015) Zionism and Arabism in Palestine and Israel; Ilan Pappé (2006) A History of Modern Palestine; Eve Spangler (2015) Understanding Israel/Palestine: race, nation, and human rights in the conflict; Anna Bernard (2013) Rhetorics of Belonging: nation, narration, and Israel/Palestine; Mark LeVine and Gershon Shafir (2012) Struggle and Survival in Palestine/Israel.
Seminar/essay questions: Returning to our questions from week one, how would you now answer the question: 'Who are 'Israelis' and 'Palestinians'?' How would you now answer the question: 'What is the 'Israel-Palestine Conflict'?'



Week 1. Introduction to the history of Israel/Palestine
Week 2. The end of the British Mandate
Week 3. Civil War 1947-1948
Week 4. The Arab-Israeli War, 1948
Week 5. ‘Ingathering of the Exiles’: mass migration, 1948-1960
Week 7. Legacies of the Holocaust and Israeli society
Week 8. Palestinian politics and national identity
Week 9. Education
Week 10. Peace and War: Egypt and Lebanon, 1976-1984

Term 2

Week 1. Economy and society
Week 2. Mizrahim and Ashkenazim
Week 3. Ethiopian migration: Operation Moses (1984) and Operation Solomon (1991)
Week 4. Post-Soviet Aliyah
Week 5. The First Intifada (1987)
Week 7. The Oslo Accords (1993)
Week 8. The Second Intifada (2000)
Week 9. Reproducing people: fertility, reproduction and identity
Week 10. Reproducing (national) identity: memory and memorialisation

Term 3

Week 1. Revision
Week 2. Revision