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Developmentalism, Green Revolutions, and GMOs

Questions to Consider While Reading

What is 'development'?

What role does food play in development and the green revolution?

Documents to Read in the Seminar

'Precarious Welfare'

'General Comments on Conferences in India and Pakistan'


Please read two of the following.

Cullather, Nick, ‘Development? It's History’, Diplomatic History 24:4 (2000), 641-653.*

Escobar, Arturo, ‘Power and Visibility: Development and the Invention and Management of the Third World’, Cultural Anthropology 3 (1988).*

George, Susan, How the Other Half Dies: The Real Reasons for World Hunger (Harmondsworth, 1986), Introduction.*

Soto Laveaga, Gabriela, 'Beyond Borlaug's Shadow: Octavio Paz, Indian Farmers, and the Challenge of Narrating the Green Revolution', Agricultural History 95:4 (2021).*

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To Learn More

Cullather, Nick, The Hungry World: America’s Cold War Battle Against Poverty in Asia (Cambridge, 2010).*

Dawson, N., Martin, A. and T. Sikor, ‘Green Revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications of Imposed Innovation for the Wellbeing of Rural Smallholders’, World Development 78 (2016), 204-218.*

GRAIN, Hungry for Land: Small Farmers Feed the World With Less Than a Quarter of All Farmland. Published on 28 May 2014.*

Gutiérrez Escobar, Laura, and Elizabeth Fitting, ‘The Red de Semillas Libres: Contesting Biohegemony in Colombia’, Journal of Agrarian Change 16:4 (2016).

Hodge, Joseph Morgan, Triumph of the Expert: Agrarian Doctrines of Development and the Legacies of British Colonialism (2007).*
Hodge, Joseph Morgan, ‘Writing the History of Development (Part 1: The First Wave)’, Humanity: An International Journal of Human Rights, Humanitarianism and Development 6:3 (2015).*
Hodge, Joseph Morgan, ‘Writing the History of Development (Part 2: Longer, Deeper, Wider)’, Humanity: An International Journal of Human Rights, Humanitarianism and Development 7:1 (2016).*

Hurt, R. Douglas, The Green Revolution in the Global South: Science, Politics, and Unintended Consequences (University of Alabama Press, 2020).

Journal of Agrarian Change 16:4 (2016): special issue on neoliberalism and trasgenic crops in Latin America.*
Lewis, W.A., ‘Economic Development with Unlimited Supplies of Labour’, The Manchester School 22:2 (1954), 139-191.

Machuka, Jesse, and Brian Hallweil, “Will Biotech Solve Africa’s Food Problems?”, in William G. Mosely (ed.): Taking Sides: Clashing Views on African Issues, (McGraw-Hill, 2007).

Nawabi, J., ‘Land Reform’, Dollars&Sense (May/June 2015).*

Ostrom, E., Governing the Commons (Cambridge, 1990).*

Otero, Gerardo, and Pablo Lepegna, ‘Transgenic Crops in Latin America: Expropriation, Negative Value and the State', Journal of Agrarian Change 16:4 (2016).*

Patel, Raj, 'The Long Green Revoution', Journal of Peasant Studies 40:1 (2013), 1-63.

Perkins, John, Geopolitics and the Green Revolution: Wheat, Genes, and the Cold War (New York, 1997).

Pingali, P.L., ‘Green Revolution: Impacts, Limits, and the Path Ahead’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109:31 (2012), 12302-12308.*

Rist, Gilbert, The History of Development: From Western Origins to Global Faith (2008).*

Richardson, Ben, 'The Unequal Embodiment of Sugar'

Schmalzer, Sigrid, Red Revolution, Green Revolution: Scientific Farming in Socialist China, Chicago University Press (Chicago, 2016).

Soto Laveaga, Gabriela, 'Largo Dislocare: Connecting Microhistories to Remap and Recentre Histories of Science', History and Technology 34:1 (2018).

Staples, Amy L.S., The Birth of Development: How the World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organisation, and World Health Organisation Changed the World, 1945-65 (Kent, 2006).
Tarp, Finn, ed., Foreign Aid and Development: Lessons Learnt and Directions for the Future (London, 2000).*

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