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Week 1: Consequences of Conquest and Colonialism

Consequences of Conquest and Colonialism

How did sixteenth century Europeans make sense of the New World and the people of the America? What was the nature of the philosophical debate regarding the relationship between the people of the Old and New Worlds? How was this reflected in legislation? How did ordinary people relate to the state in colonial Latin America (from the sixteenth to the eighteenth-centuries? How did they use the law to resist and/ or negotiate to protect their interests?

Primary Sources:

Matthew Restal, Lisa Sousa and Kevin Terraciano (eds.) Mesoamerican Voices: Native Language Writings from Colonial Mexico, Yucatan and Guatemala. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 2005.

Core Readings:

Tamar Herzog “Colonial law and Native Customs: Indigenous Land Rights in Colonial Spanish America.” The Americas 63(3) (2013): 303-321.

Ward Stavig. “Ambiguous Visions: Nature, Law, and Culture in Indigenous-Spanish Land Relations in Colonial Peru.Hispanic American Historical Review (2000) 80 (1): 77-112.

Nancy E. Van Deusen. Global Indios: The Indigenous Struggle for Justice in Sixteenth-Century Spain, Duke University Press, 2015.

Further Reading:
Lewis Hanke. The Spanish struggle for justice in the conquest of America, 1949

Larson, Brooke. Cochabamba, 1550-1900: Colonialism and Agrarian Transformation In Bolivia. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998.

Nancy Farriss. Maya Society Under Colonial Rule: the collective enterprise of Survival, Princeton N.J: Princeton, 1984.

Sonya Lipsett-Rivera, To Defend our Water with the Blood of our Veins: The Struggle for Resources in Colonial Puebla. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1999.

Walter D. Mignolo. The Darker Side of Western Modernity : Global Futures, Decolonial Options, Duke University Press, 2011.

Mignolo, Walter D., and Walter Mignolo. The Idea of Latin America, John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 1991.

Edmundo O'Gorman. The Invention of America. 1961.

Brian Owensby, "Between justice and economics : "Indians" and reformism in eighteenth-century Spanish imperial thought." in Lauren Benton and Richard J. Ross (eds.) Legal Pluralism and Empires, 1500-1850. New York: New York University Press, 2013.

Anthony Pagden. Spanish Imperialism and the Political Imagination: Studies in European and Spanish-American Social and Political Theory 1513-1830. New Haven/ London: Yale, 1990.

Patricia Seed 'Are These Not Also Men?': The Indians' Humanity and Capacity for Spanish Civilisation’, Journal of Latin American Studies 25:3 (1993), 629-652.
Patricia Seed. American Pentimiento: The invention of the Indian and the Pursuit of Riches. Minneapolis/ London: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.

Karen Spalding, Huarochiri: a Colonial Province Under Inca and Spanish Rule. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1984.

William B. Taylor and Franklin Pease G.Y Violence and Resistance in the Americas: Native Americans and the Legacy of Conquest, co-edited Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.

William B. Taylor Magistrates of the Sacred: Priests and Parishioners in Eighteenth-Century Mexico. Stanford University Press, 1997.

Silvio Arturo Zavala. The Defense of Human Rights in Latin America Sixteenth to Eighteenth Century. Paris: Unesco, 1964.#

Playlist:

The Early Music Show: Latin America's turbulent colonial history told through Music. BBC Radio 3, 18 October 2020.