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Week 2: Rights in Revolution

Rights in Revolution: state building, revolution, constitution-making and rights

How did Latin American elites understand citizenship during the process of state building? What systems of representation were introduced in Latin America after independence? What were the main political divides? How did indigenous groups, peasants and working class groups participate in politics? How were tensions between group and individual rights played out? How did people claim political rights? What civil and political rights were afforded in constitutions?

Primary sources:

Jose Maria Morelos, Sentiments of the Nation, Chilpancingo, 14 September 1813.

Simon Bolivar, El Libertador: Writings of Simon Bolivar, Trans Fred Fornoff, David Bushnell (ed.) Oxford University Press, 2003.

Pronunciamiento Texts.

Constitutions (Mexico 1824, 1836 and 1857 Colombia 1811, 1832, 1858, 1863, 1886)

Declarations of Rights of 178917931795U.S. Bill of Rights

Core Reading:

Laurent Dubois, A Colony of Citizens: Revolution & Slave Emancipation in the French Caribbean, 1787-1804 (North Carolina, 2006), introduction + chp 1 ‘Insurrection and the Language of Rights’, 1-30. (See chapter scan)

Tristan Platt. "Liberalism and ethnocide in the southern Andes", History Workshop Journal No. 17, (Spring 1984), 3-18.

Practical Assignment Preparation:

1807 Commemorated: The Abolition of the Slave Trade. Institute of Historical Research. 2007

British Library Online Gallery: Spanish American Independence

Jennie Rose Nelson. "Abolish ICE! Fighting for Humanity over Profit in Immigration Policy." NACLA, 2019.

Further Reading:

Manuel Barcia. The Great African Slave Revolt of 1825: Cuba and the fight for freedom in Matanzas. Louisiana State University Press, 2012.

Manuel Barcia. West African Warfare in Bahia Cuba. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Manuel Barcia. Seeds of Insurrection: domination and resistance on Western Cuban Plantations 1808-1848. Louisiana State University Press, 2008.

Matthew Brown and Gabriel Paquette (eds.) Connections after Colonialism : Europe and Latin America in the 1820s, University of Alabama Press, 2013.

Simon Collier. “Nationality, Nationalism, and Supranationalism in the Writings of Simon Bolivar.” The Hispanic American Historical Review, vol. 63, no. 1, 1983, pp. 37–64.

Marcela Echeverri. Indian and Slave Royalists in the Age of Revolution: Reform, Revolution, and Royalism in the Northern Andes, 1780-1825. Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Mallon, Florencia. Decolonizing Native Histories. Durham/ London: Duke University Press, 2012.

Peter Guardino. The Time of Liberty: Popular Political Culture in Oaxaca, 1750-1850. Duke, 2005.

Brian R. Hamnett, The End of Iberian Rule on the American Continent, 1770-1830. Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Anthony McFarlane. War and Independence in Spanish America. Routledge, 2013.

Mirow, M. C. Latin American Constitutions: The Constitution of Cadiz and Its Legacy in Spanish America Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Paquette, Gabriel. Imperial Portugal in the Age of Atlantic Revolutions: The Luso-Brazilian World, C.1770 -1850. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Tristan Platt. "Liberalism and ethnocide in the southern Andes", History Workshop Journal No. 17, (Spring 1984), 3-18.

Jeremy D. Popkin, You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery. Cambridge, 2010.

Mattias Rohrig Assuncao. Elite Politics and Popular Rebellion in the Construction of Post Colonial Order. The Case of Maranao, Brazil (1820-41). JLAS, 31:1 (1999), 1-38.

Scott, Rebecca J. “Defining the Boundaries of Freedom in the World of Cane: Cuba, Brazil and Louisiana after Emancipation.” American Historical Review, 99:1 (February 1994): 70-102.

Joshua Simon. The Ideology of Creole Revolution: Imperialism and Independence in American and Latin American Political Thought Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Steve J. Stern. Resistance, Rebellion and Consciousness in the Andean Peasant World 18th to 20th Centuries. University of Wisconsin Press, 1987. (Relevant Chapters.)

Whitney Nell Steward and John Garrison Marks (eds.) Race and Nation in the Age of Emancipations. University of Georgia Press, 2018.

Camilla Townsend, “Half of my Body Free, the Other Half Enslaved: The Politics of the Slaves of Guayaquil at the End of the Colonial Era,” Colonial Latin American Review, 7:1 (1998): 105-28.

John Tutino (ed.) New Countries: capitalism, revolutions and new nations in Latin America. Durham NC; Duke University Press, 2016.

Richard Warren. Vagrants and Citizens: politics and the masses in Mexico City from Colony to Republic. Scholarly Resources, 2001.