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Week 4: Liberalism in Crisis: The Social Question

Liberalism in crisis: The Social Question, Socio-Economic Rights

What is meant by ‘The Social Question’? How did the political and economic changes at the turn of the century effect notions of rights in Latin America? What is meant by ‘The Crisis of Liberalism’ and what processes were at work? What were the causes of the revolutions and labour disputes? What role did civil society, state and international actors play in the upheavals of the period?

Primary sources:

The Vatican response. Social Catholicism: Pope Leo XII Rerum Novarum (May 15, 1891) and Pope Pius II Quadregisimo Anno (May 15, 1931)

Mexico: Plan de Ayala, 1911 (Translated and reproduced for Modern Latin America, Brown University). and The Constitution of the United States of Mexico, 1917. (1926 Translation in the MRC).

Articles in The Herald of Revolt, MRC archive on Human Rights in Latin America

Nicaragua: Augusto Sandino's Political Manifesto of July 1927.

Core Readings:

Charles Hale, “Political and Social Ideas in Latin America, 1870-1900.” in The Cambridge History of Latin America Vol. 4, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Roberto Gargarella. Latin American Constitutionalism, 1810-2010: The Engine Room of the Constitution. Oxford University Press, September 26, 2013. (Chapter 5 "The Crisis of the Postcolonial Constitutional Model Positivism and Revolution at the Beginning of the New Century.")

Practical Assignment Preparation:

Latin American Bureau Blog

Patrick Iber's Blog

Further Reading:

Carmagnani, Marcello. The Other West : Latin America from Invasion to Globalization, University of California Press, 2011. (Chapter 4)

Todd A. Diacon. Stringing together a nation: Cândido Mariano Da Silva Rondon and the construction of a modern Brazil, 1906-1930. Durham/ London: Duke University Press: 2004.

James Dunkerly Power in the Isthmus. A Political History of Modern Central America, Verso, London 1990. (Relevant Chapters)

Heilman, Jaymie Patricia. Before the Shining Path : Politics in Rural Ayacucho, 1895-1980, Stanford University Press, 2010. (Relevant Chapters)

Joel Horowitz. Argentina's Radical Party and Popular Mobilization, 1916–1930. Penn State University Press, 2008.

Alan Knight, ‘The Working Class and the Mexican Revolution, c. 1900-1920’, Journal of Latin American Studies

Alan Knight, The Mexican Revolution, Cambridge, 1986.

Jeffrey Lesser. Immigration, Ethnicity, and National Identity in Brazil, 1808 to the Present. CUP, 2013.

Florencia E. Mallon. The Defense of Community in Peru's Central Highlands: Peasant Struggle and Capitalist Transition, 1860-1940. Princeton, 2014.

Sandra McGee Deutsch. Las Derechas: the extreme right in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, 1890-1939.1999.

Maxine Molyneux. "'No God, No Boss, No Husband!': Anarchist Feminism in Nineteenth-Century Argentina." In Maxine Molyneux. Women’s Movements in International Perspective. Institute of Latin American Studies Series. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2001.

Jorge Nállim Transformations and Crisis of Liberalism in Argentina, 1930-1955. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012. Chapter 1.

David Nugent. Modernity at the edge of empire: State individual and nation in the Northern Peruvian Andes, 1885-1935. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Otovo, Okezi, Progressive Mothers, Better Babies: Race, Public Health and the State in Brazil, 1850-1945. University of Texas Press, 2016.

Ronn Pineo and James A. Baer, eds., Cities of Hope: People, Protests, and Progress in Urbanizing Latin America, 1870–1930. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998.