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Week 1: Democratisation and Rights. Rights-based Development

Democratisation and Rights/ Rights-based Development: Migrant rights and rights to security.

How have the processes of democratisation in Latin America effected human rights discourses of both the state and civil society? Why has democratisation been accompanied by an escalation of violence in some places and how has this effected human rights claims? What effect have indigenous rights movements had on democratisation? How has multicultural constitutionalism affected Afro-Latin Americans?

Primary Sources and Projects

OHCHR: Defending the rights of African descendants in the Americas, 2011.

OHCHR: Equal figures, equal societies, 2011.

A traveller's account of police brutality in Brazil in, Akala. Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire. London: Two Roads, 2018. 54-57.

Cartonera Publishing

Core Readings:

John Gledhill, “The Rights of the Rich versus the Rights of the Poor” in Sam Hickley and Diana Mitlin (eds.) Rights-based approaches to development. Stirling VA: Kumarian Press, 2009.

Pierre-Michelle Fontaine. "International Organizations and the Human Rights of Afro-Latin Americans." in Rahier J.M. (eds) Black Social Movements in Latin America. Palgrave Macmillan, New York., 2012. and/or a chapter from the same volume on a country that you are interested in.

 Further Reading:

Sonia E. Alvarez, et al (eds.) Beyond Civil Society: Activism, Participation, and Protest in Latin America Duke University Press, 2017.

Javier Ayuero, “The hyper-shantytown: Neo-liberal violence(s) in the Argentine slumEthnography. 1:1 (2000), 93-116.

Brinks, Daniel. The Judicial Response to Police Killings in Latin America: Inequality and the Rule of Law. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Alexandra de Brito, Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile, Oxford University Press, 1997.

Teresa P.R. Caldeira, ‘The Paradox of Police Violence in Democratic Brazil’ Ethnography. 3:3, 235-263. 2002

Javier Couso, Alex Huneeus and Rachel Sieder (eds.) Cultures of Legality: Judicialization and Political Activism in Latin America Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Enrique Desmond Arias and Daniel M. Goldstein eds. Violent Democracies in Latin America. Duke University Press, 2011.

Tom Farer (ed.) Beyond Sovereignty: Collectively Defending Sovereignty in the Americas. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Brodwyn Fischer, et al. (eds.) Cities from Scratch : Poverty and Informality in Urban Latin America, edited by Brodwyn Fischer, et al., Duke University Press, 2014.

Joe Foweraker, “Grassroots movements and political activism in Latin America: A critical comparison of Chile and Brazil.” Journal of Latin American Studies. 33:4, 839-865.

Ferrero, Juan Pablo. Democracy against Neoliberalism in Argentina and Brazil: a move to the left. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

García-Del Moral, Paulina. “Transforming Feminicidio: Framing, Institutionalization and Social Change.” Current Sociology, vol. 64, no. 7, Nov. 2016, p. 1017.

Goldstein, Daniel M. Outlawed: Between Security and Rights in a Bolivian City. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.

Goodale, Mark, and Sally Engle Merry, editors. The Practice of Human Rights: Tracking Law between the Global and the Local Cambridge University Press, 2007. (Chapters by Speed, Goodale and Jackson)

Mark Goodale (ed.) Human Rights at the Crossroads. Oxford University Press USA, 2012.

Michael Hanchard (ed.), Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil. 1999.

Tobias Hecht, At Home in the Street: street children of Northeast Brazil. 1998.

Kees Koonig, ‘New Violence, Insecurity and the state; Comparative Reflections on Latin America and Mexico’ in Pansters, W G. ed., 2012. Violence, Coercion and State-Making in Twentieth-Century Mexico: The Other Half of the Centaur. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Sikkink, Kathryn. 1996. “Reconceptualizing Sovereignty in the Americas: Historical Precursors and Current Practices.” Houston Journal of International Law 19(3): 705-724.

Sian Lazar and Maxine Molyneux, Doing the rights thing: Rights-based development and Latin American NGOs. London: ITDG Publishing, 2003.

Cecilia McCallum, "Women Out of Place? A Micro-Historical Perspective on the Black Feminist Movement in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil." Journal of Latin American Studies, 39:1 (2007): 55-80.

Guillermo O’Donnel The (Un)Rule of Law and New Democracies in Latin America (1999)

Julia Paley. Marketing Democracy: Power and Social Movements in Post-Dictatorship Chile. Berkley: University of California Press, 2001.

David Lehman (ed.) The Crisis of Multiculturalism in Latin America. London: Palgrave Studies in the Americas, 2019.

Letícia Veloso, “Universal citizens, unequal childhoods: Children’s Perspectives on Rights and Citizenship in Brazil,” Latin American Perspectives, 35:4 (July 2008): 45-59.

Leandro Vergara-Camus, “The Politics of the MST: Autonomous Rural Communities, the State, and Electoral Politics,” Latin American Perspectives, 36:4 (July 2009): 178-91

Winant, Howard, “Rethinking Race in Brazil,” Journal of Latin American Studies, 24:1, Feb. 1992; see also article by Reid Andrews in same issue.

Frances Winddance Twine, Racism in a Racial Democracy: The Maintenance of White Supremacy in Brazil (1997)