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Week 5: The Evolution of Rights 2

5. The Evolution of Rights 2: Economic, social and cultural rights.

When did ideas of social rights emerge in Latin America? How did social rights become part of the international Human Rights system? What do we mean by different ‘generations’ of rights and how and in what socio-political context did they develop?

Primary sources:

Mexican Constitution of 1917 Article 123 (MRC Document)

Peru: Mariategui's Seven Essays on Peruvian Reality, 1928

The OAS Charter of Punta del Este (Alliance for Progress), 1961

Che Guevarra, The Debate at Punta del Este, 1961.

Short clip of Guevara's speech at Punta del Este

Che Guevara's Statement to the UN, 11 December, 1964

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966.

The American Convention on Human Rights, 1969

The Protocol of San Salvador, 1988

Core Reading:

Susan Eva Eckstein and Timothy P. Wickham-Crowley. Struggles for Social Rights in Latin America, Routledge, 2002. [e-book in the Library]

Lawrence J. Le Blanc. “Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and the Interamerican System”Journal of Interamerican Studies and World AffairsVolume 19Issue 1 February 1977 , pp. 61-82.

Further Reading:

Mashood Baderin and Robert McCorquodale (eds.), Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Action. Oxford: OUP, 2007. (Especially Chapter 8 by Veronica Gomez)

Matthew Craven, The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights: A Perspective on Its Development. Oxford, 1995.

Susan L. Kang, ‘The Unsettled Relationship of Economic and Social Rights and the West: A Response to Whelan and Donnelly’, Human Rights Quarterly 31: 4 (2009), 1006-1029.

Alex Kirkup and Tony Evans, ‘The Myth of Western Opposition to Economic, Social and Cultural Rights? A Reply to Whelan and Donnelly’, Human Rights Quarterly 31: 2 (2009).

Magdalena Sepúlveda,The Nature of the Obligations under the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. Antwerp, 2003.

Cheryl B. Welch, ‘Liberalism and Social Rights’ in Murray Milgate and Cheryl B. Welch (eds.), Critical Issues in Social Thought. London, 1989.

Daniel J. Whelan and Jack Donnelly, ‘The West, Economic and Social Rights and the Global Human Rights Regime: Setting the Record Straight’, Human Rights Quarterly 29: 4 (2007), 908-949.