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Body

Week 10 Tutor

Dr Claire Shaw

Lecture PowerPoint
Introduction

In the 1990s a new field of history writing emerged: the history of the body. Today it is one of the most successful interdisciplinary research areas bringing together historians with anthropologists, sociologists, geographers, political scientists, sociologists, and increasingly with researchers in contemporary life sciences such as the neurosciences. This lecture and seminar introduces students to this important historical area and looks at the underlying methodological changes which made this “turn” to the body possible. How did the history of the body from the 1990s differ from earlier approaches to understand the body in the past? Moreover, we shall have a look at how the field developed since the 1990s and what it looks like today.

Core Reading
  • Roger Cooter, ‘The Turn of the Body' in Roger Cooter with Claudia Stein, Writing History in the Age of Biomedicine (New Haven, 2013). (e-book library)
  • Duden, Barbara, The Woman Beneath the Skin: A Doctor’s Patients in Eighteenth-Century Germany (1991), chapter 1: ‘Towards a History of the Body’ (e-book ordered)
  • Marcel Mauss, ‘Techniques of the Body.’ Economy and Society 2 (1973): 70-88. (original 1934)
Seminar Questions
  1. In what ways do bodies matter in history? Identify two to three historiographical trends, inter-related or not, that have characterized the study of the body.
  2. Has the historical study of the body dissolved into pure analyses of language?
  3. 'The body is made through practices.' Discuss.
  4. Is there a universal biological human body?
Further Reading
  • Bourke, Joanna, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War (1996).
  • Csordas, Thomas J.,’Introduction: The Body as Representation and Being-in-the World,’ in T. Csordas (ed.), Embodiment and Experience (Cambridge, 1994).
  • Duden, Barbara, The Woman Beneath the Skin: A Doctor’s Patients in Eighteenth-Century Germany (1991), chapter 1: ‘Towards a History of the Body’.
  • Feher, Michel, (ed.), Fragments for a History of the Human Body, vols 1-3 (New York, 1989).
  • Featherstone, Mike, Hepworth, Mike and Turner, Bryan S. (eds.), The Body: Social Process and Cultural Theory (London, 1991).
  • Foucault, Michel, read selections from The Foucault Reader, ed. Paul Rabinow: ‘The Body of the Condemned,’ ‘Docile Bodies,’ ‘We ‘Other Victorians,’ ‘The Repressive Hypothesis’, ‘The Politics of Health in the Eighteenth Century’ (London, 1984).
  • Frank, Arthur W., ‘Bringing Bodies Back in: A Decade Review,’ Theory, Culture, Society 7 (1990).
  • Hancock, Philip et al. (eds.), The Body, Culture and Society (Buckingham, 2000).
  • Hillman, David, Mazzio, Carla (eds.), The Body in Parts: Fantasies of Corporeality in Early Modern Europe (New York, 1997).
  • Jenner, Mark. ‘Body, History, Text in Early Modern Europe,’ Social History of Medicine 12 (1999): 143- 54.
  • Ibid. and Taithe, Bertrand, ‘The Historiographical Body,’ in Roger Cooter and John Pickstone (eds.), Medicine in the Twentieth Century (Amsterdam, 2000).
  • Latour, Bruno. ‘How to Talk about the Body? The Normative Dimension of Science Studies’, Body and Society (2004): 205-29.
  • Laqueur, Thomas, Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud (Harvard, 1990).
  • Lowe, David M., The Body in Late-Capitalist USA (Durham, 1995).
  • Lock, Margaret. ‘“Cultivating the Body”: Anthropology and Epistemologies of Bodily Practice and Knowledge’, Annual Review of Anthropology 22 (1993): 133-55.
  • Meyerowitz, Joanne, ‘Sex Change and the Popular Press: Historical Notes on Transsexuality in the United States, 1930-1955,’ GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 4.2 (1998): 159- 187.
  • Outram, Dorinda. ‘Body and Paradox’, Isis 84 (1993): 347-52.
  • Park, Katharine, Nye, Robert A., 'Destiny is Anatomy, Review of Laqueur's Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud.' The New Republic, 18, (1991): 53-57.
  • Price, Janet and Schildrick, Margrit (eds.), Feminist Theory and the Body: A Reader (Edinburgh, 1999).
  • Scarry, Elaine, The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World (Oxford, 1985).
  • Scott, Joan W. ‘The Evidence of Experience’, Critical Inquiry 17.4 (1991): 773-797.
  • Simon Schaffer, ‘Self Evidence’, Critical Inquiry 18, no. 2 (1992): 327-362.
  • Shaw, Claire ‘Deafness and the Politics of Hearing’. in Tricia Starks and Matthew Romaniello (eds), Russian History through the Senses: From 1700 to the Present. Bloomsbury Academic, London, 193-218.
  • Shilling, Chris, The Body and Social Theory (London, 1993).
  • Starobinsky, Jean, ‘The Natural and Literary History of Bodily Sensation,’ in Michel Feher (ed.), Fragments for a History of the Human Body, vol. 2 (New York, 1989).
  • Sawday, Jonathan, The Body Emblazoned: Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture (London, 1995).
  • Vila, Anne, ‘The Making of the Modern Body’ [essay review], Modern Language Notes 104 (4) (1989): 927-36.