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Liberal Arts quick guide to Chicago Manual of Style (author-date)

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Item type In-text citation Bibliography/reference list

Single-authored book

“Quotation” (McGregor 2011, 16).

[Here and throughout, the final number refers to page referenced]

The narrative revolves around the discovery of a dead man in a dilapidated flat (McGregor 2011).

McGregor, Jon. 2011. Even the Dogs. London: Bloomsbury.

Book by two authors

Gilbert and Gubar (2000, 15) argue…

Male writers in the nineteenth century tended to categorize female characters as either “angels” or “monsters” (Gilbert and Gubar 2000, 15).

Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. 2000. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth- Century Literary Imagination. 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale University Press.

[Note that only the first author’s name is given surname first]

Edited book by one editor

In the introduction Finn (2015) contends….

After the coalition, education became increasingly…….(Finn 2015, 7).

Finn, Mike, ed. 2015. The Gove Legacy: Education in Britain After the Coalition. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Edited book by three editors

Belasco, Folsom and Price (2007, 72) claim….

“Quotation” (Belasco, et al. 2007, 72).

[In the author-date version of Chicago you should use “et al” when citing a work by three or more authors/editors]

Belasco, Susan, Ed Folsom and Kenneth M. Price, eds. 2007. Leaves of Grass: The Sesquicentennial Essays. Newhaven: Nebraska Press.

Chapter in an edited book

“Quotation” (Thoreau 2016, 182).

Developing his discussions with Emerson, in 1861’s “Walking” Thoreau (2016, 182) insisted that….

[Note how in the example above the author makes it clear that a historic text is being used in a new edition]

Thoreau, Henry David. 2016. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press.

[Note that the bibliographic reference gives the page range for the entire chapter rather than the page referenced]

Translated book

“Quotation” (Márquez 2014, 25).

In chapter 5 Márquez (2014, 23-56) develops….

Márquez, Gabriel García. 2014. One Hundred Years of
Solitude. Translated by Gregory Rabassa. London: Viking.




[For books consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. For other types of e-books, name the format. If no fixed page numbers are available, cite a section title or a chapter if available]

As Gold (2016, 33) argues…




American monetary policy underwent a major review….. (Schonhardt-Bailey 2014, 12).




“Quotation” (Austen 2007, chap. 3).

Gold, Matthew K., ed. 2016. Debates in the Digital Humanities. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.


Schonhardt-Bailey, Cheryl. 2014. Deliberating American Monetary Policy: A Textual Analysis. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2014. ProQuest Ebrary.


Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. 2007. New York: Penguin Classics. Kindle.

Journal article (print)

Yeo (1981, 112) observes that…

Chartist propaganda was heavily influenced by Christian theology (Yeo 1981, 112).

Yeo, Eileen. 1981. “Christianity in Chartist Struggle, 1838-1842.” Past and Present Society 91, no.6: 109-139.

[Note that the bibliographic reference gives the page range for the entire article rather than the page referenced]

Journal article (online)

[Include URL, name of database or DOI]

Kelly (2016, 457) continues, “Quotation”.




The topic of marriage among enslaved people was a contributing factor to …. (Stanley 2010, 755).




LaSalle (2017, 95) comments that…

Kelly, Michael G. 2016. “Utopian Studies in Ireland.” Utopian Studies 27, no. 3: 457-476.


Stanley, Amy Dru. 2010. “Instead of Waiting for the Thirteenth Amendment: The War Power, Slave Marriage, and Inviolate Human Rights.” American Historical Review 115, no. 3: 732-65. doi:10.1086/ahr.115.3.732.


LaSalle, Peter. 2017. “Conundrum: A Story About Reading.” New England Review 38, no. 1: 95–109. Project MUSE.

News or magazine articles


[In print editions a page number is given rather than a paragraph number and the URL is omitted]

“Quotation” (Monbiot 2018, para. 1).


Monbi.ot (2018, para. 1) contends that…


Monbiot, George. 2018. “Peer Review and Scientific Publishing. Scientific Publishing is a rip-off: We Fund the Research – it Should be Free.” Guardian, September 13, 2018.


[If possible include date that the site was last modified; if this information is not available include date of access instead]

Referencing is important for the following reasons: (University of New South Wales 2013, para. 4).



The project’s aims were to….. (Quipu Project 2018).






As hooks (2015, para. 4) claims…


[note that bell hooks isn’t capitalized because the author chooses to use lower case; it is customary to follow the author’s expressed wishes, though some publishers do not]

University of New South Wales. 2013. “Why is Referencing Important?.” Last modified June 24, 2013. https://


The Quipu Project. n.d. Last accessed September 13, 2018.



hooks, bell. 2015. “Femme Feminista.” May 11, 2015.


The 1954 film Rear Window (Hitchcock 2001) portrays…

Hitchcock, Alfred, director. 2001. Rear Window. 1954; Universal City: Universal Pictures. DVD.

[note medium at end of reference; e.g. VHS/DVD/online. Provide URL if online]

Television episode

In “Her Sister’s Shadow” (Mayberry 1971)…..

Mayberry, Russ, director. 1971. The Brady Bunch. Season 3, episode 10, “Her Sister’s Shadow.” Aired November 19, 1971, on ABC.


The album cover (Stormzy 2017a) recreates Da Vinci’s “The Last Supper,” painted in the 1890s.

Stormzy. 2017a. Gang Signs and Prayer. #Merky Records. Spotify.

Song on album

There are many references to faith; for example, at the end of “Mr Skeng” Stormzy spits “Quotation” (Stormzy 2017b).

Stormzy. 2017b. “Mr Skeng.” Gang Signs and Prayer. #Merky Records. Spotify.


Conan O’Brien’s tweet was characteristically deadpan: “In honor of Earth Day, I'm recycling my tweets” (O’Brien 2015).

O’Brien, Conan (@ConanOBrien). 2015. “In honor of Earth Day, I’m recycling my tweets.” Twitter, April 22, 2015, 11:10 a.m.