The University is committed to providing a high quality service to our applicants and actively encourages feedback on all aspects of the application process. However applicants have the right to complain if they believe that the level of service provided through the University’s admissions process falls short of what might reasonably be expected or if they believe a procedural irregularity has affected their decision. Applicants do not have the right of appeal against the academic judgement made on their application and this would not be eligible for consideration under this Admissions Service Complaints Procedure.
The aims of the Admissions Complaints Procedure are:
To resolve complaints in a timely, effective and fair manner; and to resolve complaints informally where possible.
A fair and thorough investigation of formal complaints will be undertaken where necessary.
1. Overview of the Admissions Complaints Procedure
The Admissions Complaints Procedure has three levels:
Early resolution of the complaint should be sought and it is expected that the vast majority of complaints will be resolved at Stage 1. To make a complaint, applicants must start at Stage 1 unless there are truly exceptional circumstances which make it inappropriate to do so.
2. What is a complaint?
A complaint is defined for this Procedure as an expression of dissatisfaction either about the way in which an application has been handled or the outcome of the selection or fees classification process. In either case, it may concern actions or inaction by the University or its staff. A challenge to an admissions decision based on academic judgement is not eligible for consideration under this Procedure.
3. Who can make a complaint?
The Admissions Complaints Procedure may be used by individual applicants or by groups of applicants to the University; it may also be used by an applicant’s designated representative (as noted on their UCAS form or via written confirmation). The Admissions Complaints Procedure is the same for all applicants.
4. Anonymous Complaints and Disclosure of Complaint Information
Complaints submitted anonymously will only be considered if sufficient information is provided to allow the University to investigate the complaint. Applicants are discouraged from making anonymous complaints as it hinders investigation and there is little prospect of appropriate resolution. Staff who receive anonymous complaints will be expected to use their discretion and judgement as to how to handle such complaints. If sufficient information is not provided the University will be unable to pursue an investigation and the complaint will be closed. Informal feedback about the application process is encouraged and can be submitted anonymously. If a complaint cannot be investigated, the key aspects of the complaint will be recorded and further investigation may be undertaken if later deemed possible and appropriate.
In order for a complaint to be investigated, the member of staff will maintain the confidentiality of the complaint and its contents as far as is possible. It is likely, however, that the complaint or aspects of it will need to be shared with other staff members involved in resolving the complaint. Should allegations be made within a complaint directly against another individual, these elements of the complaint would typically need to be shared with them so that they have the opportunity of reply in their own defence as required by natural justice. If an applicant has concerns about retaliation by the individual or individuals against whom a complaint is being made, this should be highlighted when making a complaint. The outcomes and recommendations from complaint investigations may be shared across the University in the spirit of institutional learning, however any personal information will be removed and handled in accordance with the University’s Data Protection Policy.
5. Timescales for making complaints
Complaints should be raised as soon as possible with the appropriate area of the University to ensure prompt investigation and, wherever possible, swift resolution. Complaints must normally be raised within 10 University working days of the action (or lack of actions) that prompted the complaint.
Once an outcome has been provided at Stage 1, the applicant (or their designated representative) has 10 University working days to escalate their complaint to Stage 2, together with supporting evidence should the complaint, or elements of it, not be satisfactorily resolved at Stage 1.
Following the communication of the written outcome from the formal Stage 2 investigation, the applicant (or their designated representative) has 10 University working days to escalate the complaint to Stage 3, stating the grounds on which an Institutional Review is being requested.
A request by an applicant (or their designated representative) to the Academic Registrar to consider a complaint beyond the above time limits will not normally be granted unless there is evidence that the applicant was precluded from raising or escalating the complaint within the normal timescales.
6. The Three Stages of the Admissions Complaints Procedure
The University’s Admissions Complaints Procedure is intended to provide a streamlined process with a focus on early resolution. The Procedure has three stages:
Stage 1: Informal Resolution is the stage where straightforward concerns should be resolved swiftly and effectively.
Stage 2: Formal Resolution is appropriate where an applicant is dissatisfied with the outcome of informal resolution at Stage 1, or where informal resolution is not possible or appropriate due to the complexity or seriousness of the complaint.
Stage 3: Formal Institutional Review is where the applicant can request that their complaint is considered by a higher body in the University for a review of the process to ensure that appropriate procedures were followed and that the decision-making was reasonable.
This Procedure details how applicants may seek to have their complaints addressed and it should be recognised that the vast majority of complaints from applicants can be handled fairly, amicably and to the satisfaction of all parties without recourse to the formal stages of the Procedure.
While there are three clear stages in the Procedure, seeking resolution may potentially be an iterative process within each stage, with active engagement by the applicant and relevant others prior to the final complaint outcome for that stage being communicated to the applicant.
-to be completed typically within 10 University working days of receipt
Applicants are encouraged to raise complaints as soon as they become aware of the problem in writing with the relevant Service Manager in the Admissions Service, outlining the nature and details of their complaint. Complaints should not normally be made directly to academic departments. However depending on the nature of the complaint, the member of staff considering the complaint in the Admissions Service may consult an academic department in order to resolve the complaint. Complaints from applicants should normally be received within 10 University working days of the action (or lack of actions) that had prompted the complaint.
Stage 1 Informal Resolution will typically be completed in 10 University working days, though a resolution should be sought as quickly as possible. In exceptional circumstances a short extension of time may be necessary to increase the possibility of resolving the complaint (for example by obtaining information from other areas of the University) at this stage. Where an extension is required this should be clearly communicated to the applicant before the end of the expected time period.
The outcome of the Stage 1 complaint should be communicated to the applicant in writing or by email to the applicant’s email address. The response to the complaint will address all the key elements raised in the complaint and will explain the reasons for the determinations made, including any agreed resolutions. The applicant should be advised of their right to submit a Formal Stage 2 complaint and reference given to the Procedure. The Formal Stage 2 complaint must be received within 10 University working days following the outcome of the Stage 1 process being communicated to the applicant and, where appropriate, their representative, otherwise the complaint will be closed.
-to be completed typically within 15 University working days of receipt
Stage 2 complaints will already have been considered at the Informal Resolution stage unless there are exceptional circumstances or conflicts of interest which could preclude Informal Resolution. The purpose of conducting an investigation is to establish all of the facts relevant to the points made in the complaint and to provide a full, objective, and proportionate response.
A Stage 1 complaint will be moved to Stage 2 when:
Frontline Resolution has been attempted but the applicant remains dissatisfied following receipt of the Stage 1 outcome and takes action to escalate; the problems raised by the applicant are complex and require detailed investigation and the implications are significant.
If an applicant remains dissatisfied after the Stage 1 Informal Resolution and wishes to escalate the complaint within the University, they must complete and submit within 10 University working days, a Formal Stage 2 Applicant Complaints Form.
The applicant will be expected to provide full details of the complaint and the resolution they are seeking, including all relevant supporting evidence and documentation. The applicant is advised to seek advice where available, for example from appropriate staff in their current school or university.
Typically the complaint will be considered by the Director of Admissions unless there has been a prior involvement in the complaint in which case they will refer the matter to a more senior colleague. The Director of Admissions will consider:
What specifically is the complaint? What are the key elements? Why was Informal Resolution unsuccessful, was any potential resolution offered? What the applicant seeks to achieve by escalating the complaint to Stage 2? Do the applicant’s expectations appear to be reasonable and achievable?
If the applicant’s expectations appear to exceed what the University may reasonably provide, or are not within the University’s power to provide, the applicant should be advised of this as soon as possible in order to manage expectations.
The Admissions Service will acknowledge receipt of the complaint within 5 University working days. A full response will be provided to the applicant typically no later than 15 University working days form the time that the complaint, and all associated documentation, was received for investigation. Not all investigations will be able to meet this indicative timescale and where there are clear and justifiable reasons for extending the timescale the applicant will be informed in writing of the revised timescale for providing a full response.
The outcome of the Stage 2 complaint will be communicated in writing to the applicant giving a clear explanation for the determination made on each key element of the complaint and any resolution to the complaint agreed. The applicant should be advised of their right to escalate the Stage 2 complaint to Stage 3 Institutional Review, the grounds on which this is permissible, the time limit for escalation and the appropriate Procedure. Once the outcome has been issued, a record will be kept by the Admissions Service , detailing the decision reached. If the applicant does not escalate the complaint to Stage 3 within 10 University working days, the complaint will be closed.
- To be completed typically within 30 University working days of receipt
An applicant who is dissatisfied with the outcome of the Formal Resolution Stage of the Admissions Complaints Procedure may request a Stage 3 Institutional Review within 10 University working days of the written Stage 2 process being provided to them. A Stage 3 review may be requested when:
There is evidence of procedural irregularity or bias at Stage 2; The Stage 2 outcome is considered unreasonable; Material evidence is available that was unavailable at Stage 2 and it is determined that it would not be appropriate for the complaint to be re-opened at Stage 2.
The applicant should complete a Stage 3 Institutional Review form including full details of the complaint and the Stage 2 response, which is available at:
The applicant is advised to seek advice where available for example from appropriate staff in their current school or university. Typically the complaint will be considered by the Academic Registrar unless there has been a prior involvement in the complaint in which case they will refer the matter to another senior colleague. The Academic Registrar will consider:
Whether the applicant’s expectations exceed the scope of the review. Were appropriate procedures followed? Were the outcomes of the formal stage reasonable and proportionate? Has relevant new evidence been submitted? Is the submission of the new evidence valid?
Stage 3 complaints submitted for Institutional Review will be acknowledged within 2 University working days. Where it is determined that there are sufficient grounds, the Academic Registrar will review the complaint and provide an outcome in writing no later than 30 University working days from the time that the Stage 3 complaint was submitted for Stage 3 Formal Institutional Review.
Where there are clear and justifiable reasons for extending the timescale for considering a complaint in Stage 3, the Academic Registrar will exercise judgement and set time limits on extending the review, notifying the applicant in writing. The applicant will be kept updated on the need for any extension and be given a revised deadline for bringing the Stage 3 review to a conclusion.
The outcome of the Formal Institutional Review will be communicated to the applicant in writing. The outcome will include a clear explanation of the determination made on the key elements within the complaint under review. The University will give an explanation of how any outcomes from the review are to be implemented.
Once a decision has been issued a record will be kept by the University detailing the outcome and the complaint will be closed subject to any further external escalation. The Head of Admissions will monitor, on an annual basis, formal complaints which have been referred, and will be responsible for implementing, or recommending to the appropriate authority, changes to systems or procedures suggested by the nature and pattern of the complaints received.
The University values all feedback and will take it into account when reviewing its policies, processes and services. We are committed to ensuring we deliver the most effective service possible and to that end welcome feedback on the Admissions Service Complaints Procedure and the related information and guidance provided. If you would like to assist with improving this Procedure or the service provided, you can either complete an online web form:
Or email: SROAScomplaints@warwick.ac.uk