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Professor Tim Lockley

Contact Information: FAB Room 3.21; Telephone: 02476 524764

Office Hours by appointment via email

Academic Profile

M.A. University of Edinburgh 1993; Ph.D. University of Cambridge 1996. Dissertation Title, 'Encounters between Afro-Americans and Non-Slaveholding Whites in Lowcountry Georgia, 1750-1830'.

University of Warwick -- Lecturer 1996-2005; Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) 2005-2010; Reader 2010-15; Professor since 2015

Associate editor of Slavery & Abolition

AHRC Grant 2015-18: "Africa's Sons Under Arms"

AHRB Grant 2000-02: Southern Charities Project

Member of: European Early American Studies Association; British Group in Early American History; British American Nineteenth-Century Historians [BrANCH]


I am a social historian of the colonial and antebellum South as well as the greater Caribbean. I have published widely on slavery, class and poverty, and more recently on medical history. I have additional research interests in the history of cricket and classical music broadcasting.



Military Medicine and the Making of Race: Life and Death in the West India Regiments 1795-1874 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020; Paperback edition 2022)

This book uses the West India Regiments to examine changing attitudes towards race in the eighteenth and nineteenth century.

Maroon Communities in South Carolina: A Documentary Record (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2009 cloth and paperback) pp138

This volume is a collection of transcribed manuscript materials with extensive commentary and interpretative essays.

Welfare and Charity in the Antebellum South (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2007 cloth: Paperback edition 2009) pp276

This book explores the meaning and role of poor relief in the antebellum south. The main thrust of the argument is that the southern elite increasingly used poor relief as a means to reduce social tension, and to teach the poor what it meant to be 'southern'.

Lines in the Sand: Race and Class in Lowcountry Georgia, 1750-1860. (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001 cloth: Paperback edition 2004), 280pp.

This book is principally about the myriad relationships between non-slaveholding whites and enslaved African Americans, and argues that relations between the two groups were not always antagonistic but could be formed on the basis of mutual advantage.

Edited volumes

Africa's Sons under Arms Special issue of Slavery & Abolition 39.3 (September 2018) co-edited with David Lambert

Slavery in the New World: Volume 1 - Colonial North America; Volume 2: The American Revolution (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2008) pp328 & 242

These two volumes are edited collections of rare printed primary materials with commentary and introductory essays.

America in the British Imagination (Cambridge Scholars Press, 2007) co-edited with Catherine Armstrong and Roger Fagge.

This collection of essays examines how British people have conceived of America over the course of more than four hundred years. It arose out of conference in 2005 that I helped to organise, and I contributed the introduction to the volume.

Articles in Peer Reviewed Journals

'The West India Regiments and the War of 1812' Journal of the Early Republic 43.1 (Winter 2023) 569-592

'Foreshadowing Vesey: The Camden Slave Conspiracy of 1816' American Nineteenth Century History 23.2 (2022) 185-201

'"Our American Way of Living": Lucy Richardson Milligan and American Radio on the eve of World War II' Media History 26.4 (2020) 457-471.

"The forming and fracturing of families on a South Carolina Rice Plantation, 1812-1865" The History of the Family 23.1 (2018) 75-89.

"Slaveholders and Slaves in Savannah's 1860 Census" Urban History 41.4 (November 2014), 647-663.

'Black Mortality in Antebellum Savannah' Social History of Medicine 26.4 (November 2013), 633-652.

"Survival Strategies of Poor White Women in Savannah, 1800-1860" Journal of the Early Republic, 32.3 (Fall 2012), pp. 415-435

"David Margrett: A Black Missionary in the Revolutionary Atlantic." Journal of American Studies, 46.3 (August 2012), pp. 729-745

"'Like a Clap of Thunder in a Clear Sky': Differential Mortality during Savannah's Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1854" Social History 37.2 (May 2012), pp. 166-186

"Maroon and Slave Communities in South Carolina before 1865" South Carolina Historical Magazine 113.2 (April 2012), 125-145. (co-authored with David Doddington)

‘Rural Poor Relief in Colonial South Carolina’ The Historical Journal, 48.4 (December 2005), pp. 955-976.

'"The Manly Game": Cricket and Masculinity in Savannah, Georgia, 1859' International Journal of the History of Sport 20 (September 2003), pp.77-98.

'The Purpose of Public Poor Relief in Buncombe County, North Carolina, 1792-1860.' North Carolina Historical Review 80 (January 2003), pp.28-51.

‘Gender and Justice in Antebellum Savannah: The Case of George Flyming’ Georgia Historical Quarterly, 84 (Summer, 2000), pp.230-253.

‘Trading Encounters between Non-Elite whites and African Americans in Savannah, 1790-1860.’ Journal of Southern History 66 (February, 2000), pp25-48.

‘Crossing the Race Divide: Inter-racial Sex in Antebellum Savannah’ Slavery & Abolition 18 (December, 1997), pp159-173.

Book Chapters

'From skin to blood: interpreting racial immunity to yellow fever' in Sean Morey Smith & Christopher Willoughby (eds.) Medicine and Healing in the Age of Slavery (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2021), 165-81Link opens in a new window

'Militarized slavery: the creation of the West India Regiments' in Lawrence Aje & Catherine Armstrong eds, The Many Faces of Slavery: New Perspectives on Slave Ownership and Slave Experiences in the Americas (London: Bloomsbury, 2019), 101-14

' "The King of England's Soldiers": Armed blacks in Savannah and its hinterlands during the Revolutionary War Era, 1778-1787' in Leslie Harris & Daina Berry eds, Slavery and Freedom in Savannah (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2014) 26-41.

'The Rise and Fall of Female Benevolence in Antebellum Savannah' in Mary Laven & Emily Clark eds., Women and Religion in the Atlantic Age - 1550-1900 (London: Ashgate, 2013), 195-212.Link opens in a new window

"Black and White Relations" in Gad Heuman and Trevor Burnard eds., The Routledge History of Slavery (London: Routledge, 2010). pp. 243-264.

"Race and Slavery" in Robert L. Paquette and Mark M. Smith, eds., Oxford Handbook of Slavery in the Americas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 336-356.

‘"To Train Them to Habits of Industry and Usefulness": Moulding the Poor Children of Antebellum Savannah’ in John E. Murray & Ruth Wallis Herndon eds., Children Bound to Labor: The Pauper Apprentice System in Early America. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009) pp. 133-148.

‘Spheres of Influence: Working black and white women in antebellum Savannah’. In Susanna Delfino & Michele Gillespie, (eds.), Neither Lady, Nor Slave: Working Women of the Old South. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002), pp.102-120.

'Partners in Crime: African-Americans and non-slaveholding whites in antebellum Georgia,' in Matt Wray & Annalee Newitz, (eds.) White Trash: Race and Class in America. (New York & London: Routledge Press, 1997) pp57-72.

'A Struggle for Survival: Non-Elite White Women in Lowcountry Georgia, 1790-1830' in Christie Anne Farnham, (ed.),Women of the American South: A Multicultural Reader (New York: New York University Press, 1997), pp26-42.

Web Articles

"Runaway Slave Communities in South Carolina" for History in Focus Issue 12 (Spring 2007)

“Slavery during the American Revolution” and “Bethesda” in the New Georgia Encyclopaedia

Encyclopedia Entries

‘Gender Relations’. In The Macmillan Encyclopaedia of World Slavery (New York: Macmillan, 1998), pp359-361.

Articles on “John Wesley”, “Tomochichi”, “Mary Musgrove”, “Oglethorpe”, “Savannah” and “Georgia” in The Facts on File Encyclopaedia of American History Series Vol 2: Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763) (Infobase, 2003)

Articles on “Benevolent Associations” and “Welfare and Charity” in the Encyclopaedia of the New American Nation 1754-1829(Scribner's 2005)

Articles on “Drake”, “The Virginia Company”, “The thirteen colonies”, “Government in British America” and “The British Empire in the Americas” for the Encyclopaedia of Western Colonialism (Macmillan 2006)

Article on “Antebellum Slavery” for the New Encyclopaedia of Southern Culture v.3 History (Chapel Hill, 2006)

Article on “Slavery” for the Encyclopaedia of Social Theory. (Routledge 2005)

Article on "Illegal Trading" for the Historical Encyclopedia of Slavery in the Americas (Facts on File, 2006)

Article on "North America" for the Concise Dictionary on Ancient Slavery (CD Rom - Mainz, 2006)

In progress

‘Maroons in North America’ in Frances Botkin ed, New World Maroons: Indigenous Communities Without Borders (forthcoming)

Ethnicity and the Origins of the West India Regiments


Future research plans include a study of Savannah in 1820.

Recent Research Topics Supervised (PhD, MA)


Disability and Masculinity among the enslaved in the antebellum South (Mia Edwards 2022-)

"A Reading People: The sectional crisis and the common reader in the Antebellum South" (Adam Challoner 2023)

"Scripts of confidence and supplication: fear as the personal and political among the elite male slaveholders of South Carolina and Cuba 1820 – 1850" (Liana Valerio 2019)

"Slavery in print : slaveholding ideology and anxiety in antebellum southern newspapers, 1830-1861" (Rosie Narayan 2019)

The papers of Lord Cornwallis (Ian Saberton 2016)

Shadow worlds and "superstitions" : an analysis of Martha Warren Beckwith’s writings on Jamaican folk religion, 1919-1929 (Hilary Sparkes, 2015)

Atlantic contingency : Jonathan Dickinson and the Anglo-Atlantic world, 1655-1725 (Jason Daniels, 2013)

Hierarchies and honour among enslaved men in the antebellum South (David Doddington 2012)

News, intelligence and 'little lies' : rumours between the Cherokees and the British 1740-1785 (Chris Vernon 2012)

The boundaries of coercion in the American Revolution ca.1760-1789 (Tom Rodgers 2011)

The spread and transformation of antislavery sentiment in the transatlantic evangelical network : 1730s-1790s (Young-Hwi Yoon, 2011) (co-supervision)

Band of brothers : enslaved men of the antebellum south (Sergio Lussana 2011) (co-supervision)

Performances of honour : manhood and violence in the Mississippi slave insurrection scare of 1835 (Lydia PLath 2009)

Boundaries of rule, ties of dependency : Jamaican planters, local society and the metropole, 1800-1834 (Christer Petley 2003) (co-supervised)

MA dissertation topics

Lower class leisure in colonial Georgia

Cultural brokers in the 18thC Southeast

Perceptions of gender among Native Americans and Europeans in the Colonial Southeastern USA

The impact of epidemics in antebellum Savannah, Georgia.

The urban jail population of antebellum Savannah, Georgia.

Runaway slaves in Georgia and Jamaica.


Listen to my "In our time" appearances: July 5, 2007 (Pilgrim Fathers) November 21, 2013 (Pocahontas) October 23, 2014 (Haitian Revolution) May 26, 2016 (Gettysburg Address)

Undergraduate Modules Taught

A History of the United States (HI111)

Mapping England's Atlantic Empire (HI2E3)

A Global History of Sport (HI2H4)

Slavery and Slave Life in the American South 1619-1865 (AM407)