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Reading

 

DEVIANCE AND NON-CONFORMITY IN PREMODERN EUROPE

 

MODULE BIBLIOGRAPHY 2013-14

 

For digitised extracts go to: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/library/electronicresources/extracts/hi/hi266

 

General Reading

 

M. Barber, ‘Lepers, Jews and Moslems: the Plot to Overthrow Christendom in 1321’, History, 66 (1981), 1-17

W.J. Bouwsma, ‘Anxiety and the Formation of Early Modern Culture’, in B.C. Malament (ed.), After the Reformation (Manchester, 1980), pp. 215-46 [digitised extract]

Euan Cameron, Enchanted Europe: Superstition, Reason and Religion 1250-1750 (New York, 2010)

J. Delumeau, Sin and Fear: the Emergence of a Western Guilt Culture, 13th-18th Centuries (New York, 1990)

J. Dillinger, ‘Terrorists and Witches: Popular Ideas of Evil in the Early Modern Period’, History of European Ideas, 30 (2004), 167-82 (available as an e-text)

M. Douglas, 'Witchcraft and Leprosy: Two Strategies of Exclusion', Man, 26 (1991), 723-36

R. Forster and O. Ranum (eds), Deviants and the Abandoned in French Society (Baltimore, 1978)

M. Foucault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (London, 1977; 1991)

B. Geremek, The Margins of Society in Late Medieval Paris (Cambridge, 1987)

J.P. Gibbs, ‘Conceptions of Deviant Behaviour: the Old and the New’, in M. Lefton et al (eds), Approaches to Deviance (New York, 1968), pp. 44-55

C. Ginzburg, Ecstasies: Deciphering the Witches' Sabbath (transln, London, 1990), esp. Part I [also an e-book]

M. Goodich (ed.), Voices from the Bench: the Narratives of Lesser Folk in Medieval Trials (Basingstoke, 2006)

O.P. Grell and B. Scribner (eds), Tolerance and Intolerance in the European Reformation (Cambridge, 1996)

R. Jütte, Poverty and Deviance in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 1994)

R.L. Kagan and A. Dyer (eds), Inquisitorial Inquiries: Brief Lives of Secret Jews and Other Heretics (Baltimore, 2004)

H. Kamen, The Rise of Toleration (London, 1967)

B.J. Kaplan, Divided by Faith: Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, Mass. and London, 2007)

J.C. Laursen and C.J. Nederman (eds), Beyond the Persecuting Society: Religious Tolerance before the Enlightenment (Philadelphia, 1998)

S.J. Milner (ed), At the Margins: Minority Groups in Premodern Italy (Minneapolis, 2005), esp. chaps. 1 and 2

E.H. Mizruchi, Regulating Society: Beguines, Bohemians and Other Marginals (Chicago, 1987)

R.I. Moore, The Formation of a Persecuting Society: Authority and Deviance in Western Europe, 950-1250 (Oxford, 1987; 2nd edn, 2007)

W.G. Naphy and P. Roberts (eds), Fear in Early Modern Society (Manchester, 1997)

D. Nirenberg, Communities of Violence: Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages (Princeton, 1996) [also an e-book]

D. Oldridge, Strange Histories: the Trial of the Pig, the Walking Dead, and Other Matters of Fact from the Medieval and Renaissance Worlds (London, 2005)

J. Richards, Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages (London, 1991)

J.A. Sharpe, 'Witches and Persecuting Societies', Journal of Historical Sociology, 3 (1990), 75-86 [also in B.P. Levack, New Perspectives on Witchcraft, Magic and Demonology, vol. 2, pp. 379-90]

P. Skinner, 'Confronting the 'Medieval' in Medieval History: the Jewish Example', Past and Present, 181 (2003), 219-47 [JStor]

K. Stuart, Defiled Trades and Social Outcasts: Honour and Ritual Pollution in Early Modern Germany (Cambridge, 1999)

R.N. Swanson, Religion and Devotion in Europe, c.1215-c.1515 (Cambridge, 1995), chap. 8 ‘Inclusion and Exclusion’ [digitised extract]

Alexandra Walsham, Charitable Hatred: Tolerance and Intolerance in England, 1500-1700 (Manchester, 2006)

P. Zagorin, Ways of Lying: Dissimulation, Persecution and Conformity in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, Mass., 1990)

 

Recording of radio programme on the Spanish Inquisition: http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/inourtime_20060622.shtml

 



 

AUTUMN TERM

 

Week 4: Heretics

 

General reading

N. Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary Millenarians and Mystical Anarchists of the Middle Ages (London, 1970; 1993)

B. Hamilton, The Medieval Inquisition (London, 1981)

M. Lambert, Medieval Heresy: Popular Movements from the Gregorian Movement to the Reformation (London, 1992), esp. Part IV

G. Leff, Heresy in the Later Middle Ages: the Relation of Heterodoxy to Dissent, c.1250-c.1450 (2 vols., Manchester, 1967)

E. Le Roy Ladurie, Montaillou: Cathars and Catholics in a French Village, 1294-1324 (Eng transln; London, 1978)

J. Richards, Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages (London, 1991), chap. 3

 

Further reading

M. Barber, The Cathars: Dualist Heretics in Languedoc in the High Middle Ages (London, 2000)

-----, The Trial of the Templars (Cambridge, 1978; 2006)

----- and K. Bate (eds), The Templars: Selected Sources (Manchester, 2002)

P. Biller and A. Hudson (eds), Heresy and Literacy, 1000-1530 (Cambridge, 1994), esp. chaps. 7-16

R.K. Delph, M.M. Fontaine and J.J. Martin (eds), Heresy, Culture, and Religion in Early Modern Italy (Kirksville, MO, 2006)

 Domenico Scandella, Known as Menocchio. His Trials before the Inquisition, 1583-99 (transd by J. Tedeschi, 1997)

E.H. Mizruchi, Regulating Society: Beguines, Bohemians and Other Marginals (Chicago, 1987), chap. 3

C. Ginzburg, The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller (London, 1982)

B. Gui, The Inquisitor’s Guide: A Medieval Manual on Heretics, transld by J. Shirley (Welwyn Garden City, 2006)

G. Henningsen and J. Tedeschi (eds), The Inquisition in Early Modern Europe (Dekalb, Ill., 1986)

N.J. Housley, ‘Politics and Heresy in Italy: Anti-Heretical Crusades, Orders and Confraternities, 1200-1500’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 33 (1982), 193-208

W. Monter, Frontiers of Heresy: The Spanish Inquisition from the Basque Lands to Sicily (Cambridge, 1990)

R. I. Moore, The War on Heresy: Faith and Power in Medieval Europe (London, 2012)

E. Peters (ed.), Heresy and Authority in Medieval Europe: Documents in Translation (London, 1980)

 

Waldensians

G. Audisio, The Waldensian Dissent: Persecution and Survival, c.1170-c.1570 (Cambridge, 1999)

-----, ‘How to Detect a Clandestine Minority: the Example of the Waldenses’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 21 (1990), 205-16

W. Behringer, ‘Detecting the Ultimate Conspiracy, or how Waldensians became Witches’, in B. Coward and J. Swann (eds), Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theory in Early Modern Europe (Aldershot, 2004), pp. 13-34

P. Biller, The Waldenses, 1170-1530: Between a Religious Order and a Church (Aldershot, 2001)

E. Cameron, Waldenses: Rejections of Holy Church in Medieval Europe (Oxford, 2000)

 

Lollards

A. Hope, ‘Lollardy: the Stone the Builders Rejected?’ in P. Lake and M. Dowling (eds), Protestantism and the National Church in Sixteenth-Century England (London, 1987)

A. Hudson, The Premature Reformation: Wycliffite Texts and Lollard History (Oxford, 1988)

R. Lutton, Lollardy and Orthodox Religion in Pre-Reformation England (Woodbridge, 2006)

S. McSheffrey, Gender and Heresy: Women and Men in Lollard Communities, 1420-1530 (Philadelphia, 1995)

-----, ‘Heresy, Orthodoxy and English Vernacular Religion, 1480-1525’, Past and Present, 186 (2005), 47-80

R. Rex, The Lollards (Basingstoke, 2002)

N.P. Tanner, Heresy Trials in the Diocese of Norwich, 1428-31 (London, 1977)

 




Week 5: Jews


General reading

S. Almog (ed.), Antisemitism through the Ages (Oxford, 1988)

J. Edwards, The Jews in Christian Europe, 1400-1700 (London, 1988)

-----, (ed) The Jews in Western Europe, 1400-1600 (Manchester, 1994) [also an e-book]

J.I. Israel, European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, 1550-1750 (Oxford, 1985)

H. Kamen, Inquisition and Society in Spain in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (London, 1985)

The Spanish Inquisition: an Historical Revision (London, 1998)

B. Lewis, Cultures and Conflict: Christians, Muslims and Jews in the Age of Discovery (Oxford, 1995)

D. Nirenberg, Communities of Violence (Princeton, 1996) [also an e-book]

M. Rubin, Gentile Tales: The Narrative Assault on Late Medieval Jews (New Haven, 1999)

 

Further reading

K. Aron-Beller, 'Disciplining Jews: the Papal Inquisition of Modena, 1598-1630', Sixteenth Century Journal, 41 (2010), 713-29

H. Beinart, Conversos on Trial: the Inquisition in Ciudad Real (Jerusalem, 1981), plus trial records

D.P. Bell, Sacred Communities: Jewish and Christian Identities in C15th Germany (Boston, 2001)
-----, Jewish Identity in Early Modern Germany (Aldershot, 2007)

M. Bodian, The Hebrews of the Portuguese Nation: Conversos and Community in Early Modern Amsterdam (1997)

-----, ‘“Men of the Nation”: The Shaping of Converso Identity in Early Modern Europe’, Past and Present, 143 (1994)

S.G. Burnett, ‘Distorted Mirrors: Antonius Margaritha, Johann Buxtorf and Christian Ethnographies of the Jews’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 25 (1994), 275-87

S. Cohn, 'The Black Death and the Burning of Jews', Past and Present, 196 (2007), 3-36

O.R. Constable (ed.), Medieval Iberia: Readings from Christian, Muslim and Jewish Sources (Philadelphia, 1997)

N.Z. Davis, Women on the Margins: Three Seventeenth-century Lives (Cambridge, Mass., 1995)

R.C. Davis and B. Ravid (eds), The Jews of Early Modern Venice (Baltimore, 2001)

N. Fiering and P. Bernardini (eds), The Jews and the Expansion of Europe to the West, 1450-1800 (Oxford, 2001)

A. Foa, The Jews of Europe after the Black Death (Berkeley and London, 2000)

M. García-Arenal and G. Wiegers, A Man of Three Worlds: Samuel Pallache, a Moroccan Jew in Catholic and Protestant Europe (Baltimore, 2007)

D.L. Graizbord, 'Philosemitism in Late Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Iberia: Refracted Judeophobia?', Sixteenth Century Journal, 38 (2007), 657-82

R.P. Hsia, Trent 1475: Stories of a Ritual Murder Trial (2nd edn, New Haven, 1996)

-----, The Myth of Ritual Murder: Jews and Magic in Reformation Germany (New Haven, 1988)

----- and H. Lehmann (eds), In and Out of the Ghetto: Jewish-Gentile Relations in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany (Cambridge, 1995)

D.O. Hughes, 'Distinguishing Signs: Ear-rings, Jews and Franciscan Rhetoric in the Italian Renaissance City', Past and Present, 112 (1986), 3-59

J.I. Israel, Diasporas Within a Diaspora: Jews, Crypto-Jews and the World of Maritime Empires (1540-1740) (Leiden, 2002)

R.L. Kagan and A. Dyer (eds), Inquisitorial Inquiries, esp. chaps 1, 4 & 6

E. Kedourie (ed.), Spain and the Jews: the Sephardi Experience, 1492 and After (London, 1992)

M.D. Meyerson and E.D. English (eds), Christians, Muslims and Jews in Medieval and Early Modern Spain (Notre Dame, 2000)

D. Nirenberg, ‘Mass Conversion and Genealogical Mentalities: Jews and Christians in Fifteenth-Century Spain’, Past and Present (2002)

B. Pullan, The Jews of Europe and the Inquisition of Venice, 1550-1670 (London, 1997)

B. Ravid, Studies on the Jews of Venice, 1382-1797 (Aldershot, 2003)

J. Schorsch, Jews and Blacks in the Early Modern World (Cambridge, 2004)

E. Shoham-Steiner, ‘An ultimate pariah? Jewish social attitudes toward Jewish lepers in Medieval Western Europe’, Social Research (online journal) spring 2003

K.R. Stow, ‘Stigma, Acceptance and the End to Liminality: Jews and Christians in Early Modern Italy’, in Milner (ed), At the Margins, pp. 71-92

M. Teter, Jews and Heretics in Catholic Poland: A Beleaguered Church in the Post-Reformation Era (Cambridge, 2006)

D. Wood (ed.), Christianity and Judaism (Studies in Church History, vol.29; Oxford, 1992), esp. pp. 161-308 

 


 

Week 7: Muslims

 

General reading

 

D.R. Blanks and M. Frassetto (eds), Western Views of Islam in Medieval and Early Modern Europe: Perceptions of the Other (Manchester, 1999)

A.G. Chejne, Islam and the West: The Moriscos, A Cultural and Social History (Albany, 1983)

L.P. Harvey, Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614 (Chicago, 2005)

-----, Islamic Spain, 1250-1500 (Chicago, 1990)

H. Kamen, Inquisition and Society in Spain in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (London, 1985)

-----, The Spanish Inquisition: an Historical Revision (London, 1998)

B.Z. Kedar, Crusade and Mission: European Approaches toward the Muslims (Princeton, 1984)

B. Lewis, Cultures and Conflict: Christians, Muslims and Jews in the Age of Discovery (Oxford, 1995)

 

Further reading

J. Casey, ‘The Moriscos and the Depopulation of Valencia’, Past and Present, 50 (1970), 1-25

A. Classen, ‘The World of the Turks Described by an Eye-Witness: Georgius de Hungaria’s Dialectical Discourse on the Foreign World of the Ottoman Empire’, Journal of Early Modern History, 7 (2003), 257-79

O.R. Constable (ed.), Medieval Iberia: Readings from Christian, Muslim and Jewish Sources (Philadelphia, 1997)

N.Z. Davis, Trickster Travels: A Sixteenth-Century Muslim Between Worlds (London, 2007)

E.R. Dursteler, Venetians in Constantinople: Nation, Identity and Coexistence in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Baltimore, 2006)

J.H. Edwards, ‘Mission and Inquisition among Conversos and Moriscos in Spain, 1250-1550’, Studies in Church History, 21 (1984), 139-51

-----, ‘Christian Mission in the Kingdom of Granada, 1492-1568’, Renaissance and Modern Studies, 31 (1987), 20-33

B. Ehlers, Between Christians and Moriscos: Juan de Ribera and Religious Reform in Valencia, 1568-1614 (Baltimore, 2006)

A.C. Hess, The Forgotten Frontier: a History of the Sixteenth-Century Ibero-African Frontier (Chicago, 1978) [also an e-book]

M. Jonsonn, 'The Expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain in 1609-1614: the destruction of an Islamic periphery', Journal of Global History, 2 (2007), 195-212

R.L. Kagan and A. Dyer (eds), Inquisitorial Inquiries, chap. 5

P. Mazur, 'Combating "Mohammedan Indecency": the Baptism of Muslim Slaves in Spanish Naples, 1563-1667', Journal of Early Modern History, 13 (2009), 25-48

M.D. Meyerson and E.D. English (eds), Christians, Muslims and Jews in Medieval and Early Modern Spain (Notre Dame, 2000)

M.E. Perry, The Handless Maiden: Moriscos and the Politics of Religion in Early Modern Spain (Princeton, 2005)

-----, ‘Between Muslim and Christian Worlds: Moriscas and Identity in Early Modern Spain’, Muslim World, 95 (2005), 171-98

B. Taylor, ‘The Enemy Within and Without: an Anatomy of Fear on the Spanish Mediterranean Littoral’, in W.G. Naphy and P. Roberts (eds), Fear in Early Modern Society (Manchester, 1997), pp. 78-99

 

The Turk

A. Çirakman, From “The Terror of the World” to “The Sick Man of Europe”: European Images of Ottoman Empire and Society from the Sixteenth Century to the Nineteenth ( New York, 2002)

D. Goffman, The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 2002) [also an e-book]

G.M. Maclean, The Rise of Oriental Travel: English Visitors to the Ottoman Empire, 1580-1720 (Basingstoke, 2006)

----- (ed.) Reorienting the Renaissance: Cultural Exchanges with the East (Basingstoke, 2005)

N.I. Matar, ‘“Turning Turk”: Conversion to Islam in English Renaissance Thought’, Durham University Journal, 86 (1994), 33-41

W. O'Reilly, ‘Turks and Indians on the Margins of Europe’, Belleten, 65 (2001), 243-56

M. Soykut, ‘The Development of the Image “Turk” in Italy through Della Letteratura de’ Turchi of Giambattista Dona’, Journal of Mediterranean Studies, 9 (1999), 175-203

R. White, ‘Castellio against Calvin: the Turk in the Toleration Controversy of the Sixteenth Century’, Bibliothèque d’humanisme et renaissance, 46 (1984), 573-86

A. Wunder, ‘Western Travellers, Eastern Antiquities, and the Image of the Turk in Early Modern Europe’, Journal of Early Modern History, 7 (2003), 89-119

 



Week 8: Lepers, Plague-spreaders and the Diseased


General reading

P.L. Allen, The Wages of Sin: Sex and Disease, Past and Present (Chicago, 2000), esp. chaps. 2-4

M. Barber, ‘Lepers, Jews and Moslems: the Plot to Overthrow Christendom in 1321’, History, 66 (1981), 1-17

S. Cohn, The Black Death Transformed: Disease and Culture in Early Renaissance Europe (London, 2002)

P. Conrad and J. Schneider, Deviance and Medicalization: from Badness to Sickness (London, 1985)

M. Douglas, 'Witchcraft and Leprosy: Two Strategies of Exclusion', Man, 26 (1991), 723-36

P. Elmer and O. Grell (eds), Health, Disease and Society in Europe, 1500-1800: a Sourcebook (Manchester, 2004)

J.N. Hays, The Burdens of Disease: Epidemics and Human Response in Western History (New Brunswick, 1998), chaps. 2-5

W.H. McNeill, Plagues and Peoples (New York, 1976; 1998), chaps. IV and V [also an e-book]

R.I. Moore, The Formation of a Persecuting Society (Oxford, 1987; 2nd edn, 2007)

W.G. Naphy and A. Spicer (eds), The Black Death: a History of Plagues, 1345-1730 (Stroud, 2001)

J. Richards, Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages (London, 1991), chap. 8

P. Richards, The Medieval Leper and his Northern Heirs (Woodbridge, 1977)


Further reading

E. Bever, 'Witchcraft Fears and Psychosocial Factors in Disease', Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 30 (2000), 573-90

B.T, Boehrer, 'Early Modern Syphilis', Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Oct., 1990), 197-214

S.N. Brody, The Disease of the Soul: Leprosy in Medieval Literature (Ithaca and London, 1974)

A.G. Carmichael, ‘Contagion Theory and Contagion Practice in Fifteenth-Century Milan’, Renaissance Quarterly, 64 (1991), 213-56

E. Clark, ‘Social Welfare and Mutual Aid in the Medieval Countryside’, Journal of British Studies, 33 (1994), 381-406

D. Gentilcore, ‘The Fear of Disease and the Disease of Fear’, and M.S.R. Jenner, ‘The Great Dog Massacre’, both in W.G. Naphy and P. Roberts (eds), Fear in Early Modern Society (Manchester, 1997), pp. 44-61, 184-208

J. Gil Harris, Foreign Bodies and the Body Politic: Discourses of Social Pathology in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 1998)

B.L. Grigsby, Pestilence in Medieval and Early Modern English Literature ( New York, 2004)

T.S. Miller and R. Smith-Savage, ‘Medieval Leprosy Reconsidered’, International Social Science Review (online journal), spring-summer 2006

W.G. Naphy, Plagues, Poisons and Potions: Plague-Spreading Conspiracies in the Western Alps, c. 1530-1640 (Manchester, 2002)

‘Plague-Spreading and a Magisterially Controlled Fear’, in W.G. Naphy and P. Roberts (eds), Fear in Early Modern Society (Manchester, 1997), pp. 28-43

T. Nichols (ed), Others and Outcasts in Early Modern Europe: Picturing the Social Margins (Ashgate, 2007), chap. 3

C. Rawcliffe, Leprosy in Medieval England (London, 2006)

P.A. Russell, ‘Syphilis: God’s Scourge or Nature’s Vengeance?’, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 80 (1989), 286-306

E. Shoham-Steiner, ‘An Ultimate Pariah? Jewish Social Attitudes toward Jewish Lepers in Medieval Western Europe’, Social Research (online journal) spring 2003

F-O. Touati, 'Contagion and Leprosy: Myth, Ideas and Evolution in Medival Minds and Societies', in L.I. Conrad and D. Wujastyk (eds), Contagion: Perspectives from Pre-modern Societies (Aldershot, 2000), pp. 179-201 [digitised extract]


 

Week 9: Witches

 

General reading

 

L. Apps and A. Gow, Male Witches in Early Modern Europe (Manchester, 2003)

R. Briggs, Witches and Neighbours: the social and cultural context of European witchcraft (London, 1996)

B.P. Levack, The Witchhunt in Early Modern Europe (2nd edn, London, 1995)

J. Richards, Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages (London, 1991), chap. 4

L. Roper, Witch Craze: Terror and Fantasy in Baroque Germany (New Haven, 2004)

W. Stephens, Demon Lovers: Witchcraft, Sex and the Crisis of Belief (Chicago, 2002)

 

Further reading

 

[Some of the essays/articles below - and others - are reproduced in the 5 volumes of B.P. Levack (ed), New Perspectives on Witchcraft, Magic and Demonology (New York & London, 2001)]

B. Ankarloo and G. Henningsen (eds), Early Modern European Witchcraft: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford, 1990)

J. Barry et al (eds), Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 1996)

W. Behringer, ‘Weather, hunger and fear: origins of the European witch-hunts’, German History 13 (1995)

-----, Witchcraft Persecutions in Bavaria (Cambridge, 1997)

E. Bever, 'Witchcraft Fears and Psychosocial Factors in Disease', Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 30 (2000), 573-90

-----, 'Witchcraft, Female Agression and Power in the Early Modern Community', Journal of Social History, 35 (2002), 955-88

R. Briggs, The Witches of Lorraine (Oxford, 2007)

H.P. Broedel, The Malleus Maleficarum and the Construction of Witchcraft (Manchester, 2003)

S. Clark, ‘Inversion, Misrule and the Meaning of Witchcraft’, Past and Present, 87 (1980), 98-127

-----, Thinking with Demons: the Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe (Oxford, 1997)

-----, Vanities of the Eye: Vision in Early Modern European Culture (Oxford, 2007)

O. Davies and W. de Blecourt (eds), Beyond the Witch Trials: Witchcraft and Magic in Enlightenment Europe (Manchester, 2004)

K.A. Edwards, ‘Natural Visions: Classifying the Unclassifiable in the Early Modern Franche-Comté’, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History, 26 (1998), 335-44 [copy in SLC]

C. Holmes, Women: Witnesses and Witches’, Past and Present, 140 (1993), 45-78

A.C. Kors and E. Peters, Witchcraft in Europe, 400-1700: A Documentary History (Philadelphia, 1972; 2001)

C. Larner, The Enemies of God: the Witchhunt in Scotland (London, 1981)

H. Midelfort, Witchhunting in South-western Germany, 1562-1684 (Stanford, 1972)

R. Martin, Witchcraft and the Inquisition in Venice, 1550-1650 (Oxford, 1989)

E.W. Monter, Witchcraft in France and Switzerland (Ithaca and London, 1976)

-----, ‘Toads and Eucharists: the Male Witches of Normandy, 1564-1660’, French Historical Studies, 20 (1997)

L. Roper, Oedipus and the Devil: Witchcraft, Sexuality and Religion in Early Modern Europe (London, 1994)

A. Rowlands, Witchcraft Narratives in Germany: Rothenburg 1561-1652 (Manchester, 2003)

----- (ed.), Witchcraft and Masculinities in Early Modern Europe (Basingstoke, 2009)

W.F. Ryan, ‘The Witchcraft Hysteria in Early Modern Europe: was Russia an Exception?’, Slavonic and East European Review 76 (1998)

J. Sharpe, 'Witches and Persecuting Societies', Journal of Historical Sociology, 3 (1990), 75-86 [also in B.P. Levack, New Perspectives on Witchcraft, Magic and Demonology, vol. 2, pp. 379-90]

-----, Witchcraft in Early Modern England (Harlow, 2001)

-----, Instruments of Darkness: Witchcraft in England 1550-1750 (London, 1997)

R.S. Walinski-Kiehl, ‘The Devil’s Children: Child Witch-Trials in Early Modern Germany’, Continuity and Change, 11 (1996), 171-89

 


 

Week 10: Werewolves and the Possessed

 

Werewolves (and other shapeshifters)

P. Barber, Vampires, Burial and Death: Folklore and Reality (New York, 1988)

W. de Blecourt, 'A Journey to Hell: Reconsidering the Livonian "Werewolf"', Magic, Ritual and Witchcraft, 2 (2007), 49-67 [e-journal]

S. Clark, Vanities of the Eye: Vision in Early Modern European Culture (Oxford, 2007), esp. pp. 62-7, 138-43, 276-93

K.A. Edwards (ed), Werewolves, Witches and Wandering Spirits: Traditional Belief and Folklore in Early Modern Europe (Kirksville, MO, 2002)

C.W. Garrett, ‘Witches, Werewolves and Henri Boguet’, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History, 4 (1976), 126-34

C. Oates, ‘The Trial of a Teenage Werewolf, Bordeaux, 1603’, Criminal Justice History, 9 (1988), 1-24 [copy in SLC]

D. Oldridge, Strange Histories, chap. 6 [digitised extract]

M. Rheinheimer, ‘The Belief in Werewolves and the Extermination of Real Wolves in Schleswig-Holstein’, Scandinavian Journal of History, 20 (1995), 281-94 [SLC copy]

S.J. Wiseman, ‘Hairy on the Inside: Metamorphosis and Civility in English Werewolf Texts’, in E. Fudge (ed.), Renaissance Beasts: Of Animals, Humans and Other Wonderful Creatures ( Illinois, 2004)

 

The Possessed

P.C. Almond, Demonic Possession and Exorcism in Early Modern England: Contemporary Texts and Cultural Contexts (Cambridge, 2007)

N. Caciola, ‘Spirits Seeking Bodies: Death, Possession and Communal Memory in the Middle Ages’, in B. Gordon and P. Marshall (eds), The Place of the Dead: Death and Remembrance in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 2000), pp. 66-86

A. Cambers, 'Demonic Possession, Literacy and 'Superstition' in Early Modern England', Past and Present, 202 (2009), 3-35

D. Crouzet, ‘A Woman and the Devil: Possession and Exorcism in Sixteenth-Century France’, in M. Wolfe (ed.), Changing Identities in Early Modern France (Durham, N.C., 1997), pp. 191-215

K.A. Edwards (ed), Werewolves, Witches and Wandering Spirits: Traditional Belief and Folklore in Early Modern Europe (Kirksville, MO, 2002)

-----, ‘Inquiries on the Inquisition and a Burgundian Ghost’, Proceedings of the Western Society for French History, 23 (1996), 219-29

S. Ferber, Demonic Possession and Exorcism in Early Modern France (London, 2004)

T. Freeman, 'Demons, Deviance and Defiance: John Darrell and the Politics of Exorcism in Late Elizabethan England', in P. Lake and M. Questier (eds), Conformity and Orthodoxy in the English Church, c. 1560-1660 (Woodbridge, 2000)

M. Goodich, 'Sexuality, Family and the Supernatural in the Fourteenth Century', Journal of the History of Sexuality, 4 (1994), 493-516

N. Hallett, Witchcraft, Exorcism and the Politics of Possession in a Seventeenth-Century Convent (Aldershot, 2007)

B.J. Kaplan, ‘Possessed by the Devil? A Very Public Dispute in Utrecht’, Renaissance Quarterly, 49 (1996), 738-59

K.R. Sands, Demon Possession in Elizabethan England (London, 2004)

M. Sluhovsky, ‘The Devil in the Convent’, American Historical Review, 107 (2002), 1378-411

A.M. Walker and E.H. Dickerman, ‘The Haunted Girl: Possession, Witchcraft and Healing in sixteenth-century Louviers’, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History, 23 (1996), 207-18

-----,‘“A Woman under the Influence”: A Case Study of Alleged Possession in Sixteenth-Century France’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 22 (1991), 535-54

D.P. Walker, Unclean Spirits: Possession and Exorcism in France and England in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries (London, 1981)

 


SPRING TERM


 Week 11: Sexual Deviants

 

General reading

 

C. Bingham, ‘Seventeenth-Century Attitudes Toward Deviant Sex’, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 1 (1971), 447-68

J. Boswell, Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century (Chicago, 1981) [also an e-book]

A. Bray, Homosexuality in Renaissance England (London, 1988; 1995) [also an e-book]

J.A. Brundage, Law, Sex and Christian Society in Medieval Europe (Chicago, 1987)

V.L.Bullough and J.A. Brundage (eds), Handbook of Medieval Sexuality (London and New York, 1996)

K. Crawford, European Sexualities, 1400-1800 (Cambridge, 2007), esp. chaps. 4-5

L. Fradenburg and C. Freccero (eds), Premodern Sexualities (New York, 1996)

R.M. Karras, Sexuality in Medieval Europe: Doing Unto Others (New York, 2005)

T. Laqueur, Solitary Sex: a Cultural History of Masturbation (New York, 2003)

K. Lochrie, P. McCracken and J.A. Shiltz (eds), Constructing Medieval Sexuality (Minnesota, 1997)

W.G. Naphy, Sex Crimes: Renaissance to Enlightenment (Stroud, 2002)

K. O'Donnell and M. O'Rourke (eds), Queer Masculinities, 1550-1800: Siting Same Sex Desire in the Early Modern World (Basingstoke, 2006) [also an e-book]

J. Richards, Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages (London, 1991), chaps. 2 & 7

R. Trexler, Sex and Conquest: Gendered Violence, Political Order, and the European Conquest of the Americas (Cambridge, 1995)

G. Vigarello, A History of Rape (Cambridge, 2001)

 

Further reading

 

C. Berco, Sexual Hierarchies, Public Status: Men, Sodomy and Society in Spain’s Golden Age (Toronto, 2007)

‘Social Control and its Limits: Sodomy, Local Sexual Economies, and Inquisitors during Spain’s Golden Age’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 36 (2005), 331-58

T. Betteridge (ed), Sodomy in Early Modern Europe (Manchester, 2002)

J.C. Brown, Immodest Acts: the Life of a Lesbian Nun in Renaissance Italy (Oxford, 1986)

N. Davidson, ‘Theology, Nature and the Law: Sexual Sin and Sexual Crime in Italy from the Fourteenth to the Seventeenth Century’, in T. Dean and K. Lowe (eds), Crime, Society and the Law in Renaissance Italy (Cambridge, 1993) [digitised extract]

K. El-Rouayheb, Before Homosexuality in the Arab-Islamic World, 1500-1800 (Chicago, 2005)

S.R. Falkner, ‘“Having it off” with Fish, Camels, and Lads: Sodomitic Pleasures in German-Language Turcica’, Journal of the History of Sexuality, 13 (2004), 401-27

A. Fernandez, ‘The Repression of Sexual Behaviour by the Aragonese Inquisition between 1560 and 1700’, Journal of the History of Sexuality, 7 (1997), 469-501

Noreen Giffney, Michelle M. Sauer, and Diane Watt (eds), The lesbian premodern (New York ; Basingstoke, 2011)

S. Haliczer, Sexuality in the Confessional: a Sacrament Profaned (Oxford, 1996)

M. Ingram, ‘Child Sexual Abuse in Early Modern England’ in M.J. Braddick and J. Walter (eds), Negotiating Power in Early Modern Society: Order, Hierarchy and Subordination in Britain and Ireland (Cambridge, 2001)

J. Merrick and B.T. Ragan Jr (eds), Homosexuality in Early Modern France: A Documentary Collection (Oxford, 2000)

E.W. Monter, ‘Sodomy and Heresy in Early Modern Switzerland’, Journal of Homosexuality, 6 (1980/81)

Rictor Norton, Mother Clap's Molly House: the Gay Subculture in England, 1700-1830 (London, 1992)

H. Puff, Sodomy in Reformation Germany and Switzerland, 1400-1600 (Chicago, 2003)

-----, ‘Female Sodomy: The Trial of Katherine Hetzeldorfer (1477)’, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern History, 30 (2000), 41-61

-----, ‘Localizing Sodomy: The “Priest and Sodomite” in Pre-Reformation Germany and Switzerland’, Journal of the History of Sexuality, 8 (1997), 165-95

G.R. Quaife, Wanton Wenches and Wayward Wives: Peasants and Illicit Sex in Early Seventeenth-Century England (London, 1979)

M. Rocke, ‘The Ambivalence of Policing Sexual Margins: Sodomy and Sodomites in Florence’, in Milner (ed), At the Margins, pp. 53-70

-----, Forbidden Friendships: Homosexuality and Male Culture in Renaissance Florence (New York, 1996)

G. Ruggiero, The Boundaries of Eros: Sex Crime and Sexuality in Renaissance Venice (New York, 1985)

V. Traub, The Renaissance of Lesbianism in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2002)

G. Walker, ‘Rereading Rape and Sexual Violence in Early Modern England’, Gender and History, 10 (1998), 1-25

 


 

Week 12: Prostitutes

 

General reading

 

R.M. Karras, Common Women: Prostitution and Sexuality in Medieval England (New York, 1996) [also an e-book]

K. Norberg, ‘Prostitutes’, in N.Z. Davis and A. Farge (eds), A History of Women in the West, vol. III, Renaissance and Enlightenment Paradoxes (Cambridge, Mass., 1993), pp. 458-74

J. Richards, Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages (London, 1991), chap. 6

J. Rossiaud, Medieval Prostitution (Oxford, 1988)

 

Further reading

 

M.I. Amster (ed), Texts on Prostitution, 1635-1700 (vol. 6 of The Early Modern Englishwoman: a Facsimile Library of Essential Works; Aldershot, 2007)

J.K. Brackett, ‘The Florentine Onesta and the Control of Prostitution, 1403-1680’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 24 (1993), 273-300

G. Cattelona, ‘Control and Collaboration: The Role of Women in Regulating Female Sexual Behaviour in Early Modern Marseille’, French Historical Studies, 18 (1993)

E.S. Cohen, ‘Seen and Known: Prostitutes in the Cityscape of Late-Sixteenth-Century Rome’, Renaissance Studies, 12 (1998), 392-409

R. Forster and O. Ranum (eds), Deviants and the Abandoned in French Society (Baltimore, 1978), chap. 1

P. Griffiths, ‘The Structure of Prostitution in Elizabethan London’, Continuity and Change, 8 (1993), 39-63

R.M. Karras, ‘Prostitution and the Question of Sexual Identity in Medieval Europe’, Journal of Women’s History, 11 (1999), 159-77

----- and D.L. Boyd, ‘“Ut cum muliere”: a Male Transvestite Prostitute in Fourteenth-Century London’, in L. Fradenburg and C. Freccero (eds) Premodern Sexualities (New York, 1996)

M.E. Perry, ‘Deviant Insiders: Legalized Prostitutes and a Consciousness of Women in Early Modern Seville’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 27 (1985), 138-158

-----, ‘“Lost Women” in Early Modern Seville: The Politics of Prostitution’, Feminist Studies, 4 (1978), 195-214

L. Roper, ‘Mothers of Debauchery: Procuresses in Reformation Augsburg’, German History, 6 (1988), 1-19

D. Shemek, Ladies Errant: Wayward Women and Social Order in Early Modern Italy (Durham, N.C., 1998)

K.P. Siena, ‘Pollution, Promiscuity and the Pox: English Venereology and the Early Modern Medical Discourse on Social and Sexual Danger’, Journal of the History of Sexuality, 8 (1998), 553-74

T. Storey, Carnal Commerce in Counter-Reformation Rome (Cambridge, 2008)

 


 

Week 13: Monsters and Hermaphrodites

 

General reading

 

A.W. Bates, ‘Monstrous Births’, Social History of Medicine, 18 (2005), 141-58

-----, Emblematic Monsters: Unnatural Conceptions and Deformed Births in Early Modern Europe (Amsterdam, 2005)

B. Bildhauer and R. Mills (eds), The Monstrous Middle Ages (Toronto, 2003)

K. Park and L.J. Daston, ‘Unnatural Conceptions: the Study of Monsters in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century France and England’, Past & Present, 92 (1981), 20-54

-----, Wonders and the Order of Nature, 1150-1750 (New York, 1997)

D. Wilson, Signs and Portents: Monstrous Births from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment (New York, 1993)

 

Further reading

 

K.M. Bramhall, ‘Monstrous Metamorphosis’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 27 (1996)

J. Crawford, Marvelous Protestantism: Monstrous Births in Post-Reformation England (Baltimore, 2005)

E. Fudge, R. Gilbert and S. Wiseman (eds), At the Borders of the Human: Beasts, Bodies, and Natural Philosophy in the Early Modern Period (Basingstoke, 1999)

R. Hole, ‘Incest, Consanguinity and Monstrous Birth’, Social History, 25 (2005)

L. Knoppers and J. Landes (eds), Monstrous Bodies/Political Monstrosities in Early Modern Europe (Ithaca, 2004)

O. Niccoli, Prophecy and People in Renaissance Italy (Princeton, 1990), chaps. 2 & 5

P. Platt (ed.), Wonders, Marvels and Monsters in Early Modern Culture (London, 1999)

P.M. Soergel, ‘The Afterlives of Monstrous Infants in Reformation Germany’, in B. Gordon and P. Marshall (eds), The Place of the Dead: Death and Remembrance in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 2000), pp. 288-309

R. Wittkower, ‘Marvels of the East: the Study of Monsters in Early Modern Europe’, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 5 (1942), 159-97

C.T. Wolfe (ed.), Monsters and Philosophy (London, 2005)

 

Hermaphrodites

R. Gilbert, Early Modern Hermaphrodites: Sex and Other Stories (Basingstoke, 2002)

-----, ‘Seeing and Knowing: Science, Pornography and Early Modern Hermaphrodites’, in E. Fudge, R. Gilbert and S. Wiseman (eds), At the Border of the Human: Beasts, Bodies and Natural Philosophy in the Early Modern Period (Basingstoke, 1999), pp. 150-70 [digitised extract]

R.L. Kagan and A. Dyer (eds), Inquisitorial Inquiries: Brief Lives of Secret Jews and Other Heretics (Baltimore, 2004), chap. 2

K.P. Long, Hermaphrodites in Renaissance Europe (Aldershot, 2006)

-----, ‘Sexual Dissonance: Early Modern Scientific Accounts of Hermaphrodites’ in P. Platt (ed.), Wonders, Marvels and Monsters in Early Modern Culture (London, 1999) [digitised extract]

Cathy McClive, 'Masculinity on Trial: Penises, Hermaphrodites and the Uncertain Male Body in Early Modern France', History Workshop Journal, 68 (2009), 45-68

S.C. Shapiro, ‘Amazons, Hermaphrodites, and Plain Monsters: the “Masculine” Woman in English Satire and Social Criticism from 1580-1640’, Atlantis, 13 (1987), 65-76

 


 

Week 14: Vagrants and Arsonists

 

Vagrants

A.L. Beier, Masterless Men: the Vagrancy Problem in England, 1560-1640 (London, 1985)

----- and P. Ocobock (eds), Cast Out: Vagrancy and Homelessness in Global and Historical Perspective (Ohio, 2008)

M. Boes, 'The Treatment of Juvenile Delinquents in Early Modern Germany', Continuity and Change, 11 (1996), 43-60

F. Egmond, Underworlds: Organized Crime in the Netherlands, 1650-1800 (Cambridge, 1993)

R.J. Evans (ed.), The German Underworld: Deviants and Outcasts in German History (London, 1988)

B. Geremek, The Margins of Society in Late Medieval Paris (Cambridge, 1987)

K. Hignett, 'Co-option or Criminalisation? The State, Border Communities and Crime in Early Modern Europe', Global Crime, 9 (2008), 35-51

R. Jütte, Poverty and Deviance in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 1994)

A.F. Kinney (ed.), Rogues, Vagabonds and Sturdy Beggars (Amherst, 1990)

J.L. McMullan, The Canting Crew: London's Criminal Underworld, 1550-1700 (New Brunswick, N.J., 1984)

E.H. Mizruchi, Regulating Society: Beguines, Bohemians and Other Marginals (Chicago, 1987), chap. 4

M. Mollat, ‘Paupers and Beggars: Alarming Presences (Mid-Fourteenth to Early Sixteenth Centuries)’, in his The Poor in the Middle Ages (New Haven, 1986)

T. Nichols (ed), Others and Outcasts in Early Modern Europe: Picturing the Social Margins (Ashgate, 2007)
-----, The Art of Poverty: Irony and Ideal in Sixteenth-Century Beggar Imagery (Manchester, 2007)

D. Romano, ‘Vecchi, Poveri e Impotenti: The Elderly in Renaissance Venice’, in Milner (ed), At the Margins, pp. 249-72

R.W. Scribner, ‘Mobility: Voluntary or Enforced? Vagrants in Württtemberg in the sixteenth century’, in G. Jaritz & A. Müller (eds), Migration in der Feudalgesellschaft (Frankfurt and New York, 1988), pp. 65-88

K. Stuart, Defiled Trades and Social Outcasts: Honour and Ritual Pollution in Early Modern Germany (Cambridge, 1999)

 

Arsonists

M. Aston, ‘Iconoclasm at Rickmansworth, 1522: Troubles of Churchwardens’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 40 (1989), 524-52

B. Capp, ‘Arson, Fear of Arson and Incivility in Early Modern England’, in P. Burke, B. Harrison and P. Slack (eds), Civil Histories. Essays Presented to Sir Keith Thomas (Oxford, 2000), pp. 197-213

J. Dillinger, ‘Terrorists and Witches: Popular Ideas of Evil in the Early Modern Period’, History of European Ideas, 30 (2004), 167-82 (available as an e-text)

R. Forster and O. Ranum (eds), Deviants and the Abandoned in French Society (Baltimore, 1978), chap. 5

P. Roberts, ‘Arson, Conspiracy and Rumour in Early Modern Europe’, Continuity and Change, 12 (1997), 9-29

-----, ‘Agencies Human and Divine: Fire in French Cities, 1520-1720’, in W.G. Naphy and P. Roberts (eds), Fear in Early Modern Society (Manchester, 1997), 9-27

R. Scribner, ‘The Mordbrenner Fear in Sixteenth-Century Germany: Political Paranoia or the Revenge of the Outcast?’, in R.J. Evans (ed.), The German Underworld: Deviants and Outcasts in German History (London, 1988), pp. 29-56

 


 

 Week 15: Bandits and Gypsies

 

Bandits

 

K. Barkey, Bandits and Bureaucrats: the Ottoman Route to State Centralization (Ithaca, NY, 1994)

A. Blok, 'The Peasant and the Brigand: Social Banditry Reconsidered', Comparative Studies in Society and History, 14/4 (1972), 494-503

C. Dionne and S. Mentz (eds), Rogues in Early Modern English Culture (Ann Arbor, 2004)

T. Hahn (ed.), Robin Hood in Popular Culture: Violence, Transgression and Justice (Cambridge, 2000)

R.H. Hilton, 'The Origins of Robin Hood', Past and Present, 14 (1958)

E.J. Hobsbawm, Bandits (London, 1969; and many revised edns since)

-----, 'Social Bandits: Reply', Comparative Studies in Society and History, 14 (1972)

J.C. Holt, Robin Hood (London, 1989)

H. Kamen, 'Public Authority and Popular Crime: Banditry in Valencia, 1660-1714', Journal of European Economic History, 3 (1974), 654-88

P. O'Malley, 'Social Bandits, Modern Capitalism and the Traditional Peasantry: a Critique of Hobsbawm', Journal of Peasant Studies, 6/4 (1979), 489-99

 

Gypsies/Roma

Z. Barany, ‘The East European Gypsies in the Imperial Age’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 24 (2001), 50-63

D.M. Crowe, A History of the Gypsies of Eastern Europe and Russia (New York, 1995)

B.M. Donovan, ‘Changing Perceptions of Social Deviance: Gypsies in Early Modern Portugal and Brazil’, Journal of Social History, 26 (1992), 33-53

A. Fraser, The Gypsies (Oxford, 1992)

I. Hancock, ‘The Roots of Inequality: Romani Cultural Rights in their Historical and Social Context’, Immigrants & Minorities, 11 (1992), 3-20, and others in this volume

J-P. Liégeois and N. Gheorghe, Roma/Gypsies: a European Minority (London, 1995)

J. MacLaughlin, ‘European Gypsies and the Historical Geography of Loathing’ Review (Fernand Braudel Center), 22 (1999), 31-59

D. Mayall, ‘Egyptians and Vagabonds: Representations of the Gypsy in Early Modern Official and Rogue Literature’, Immigrants & Minorities, 16 (1997), 55-82

----- (ed), Gypsies: The Forming of Identities and Official Reponses (London, 1992), Immigrants and Minorities, vol. 11

M. Netzloff, ‘“Counterfeit Egyptians” and Imagined Borders: Jonson’s The Gypsies Metamorphosed’, English Literary History, 68 (2001), 763-93

G. Puxon, Roma: Europe's Gypsies (London, 1987)

R. Pym, The Gypsies of Early Modern Spain, 1425-1783 (Basingstoke, 2007)

J. Yoors, The Gypsies (London, 1967)

 


 

Week 17: Prophets and Mystics

 

Prophets and Mystics

R.B. Barnes, Prophecy and Gnosis: Apocalypticism in the Wake of the Lutheran Reformation (Stanford, 1988)

R. Bowers, ‘Roger Crab: Opposition Hunger Artist in 1650s England’, Seventeenth Century, 18 (2003), 93-112

E. zum Brunn and G. Epiney-Burgard (eds), Women Mystics in Medieval Europe (New York, 1989)

N. Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium (London, 1970)

Francisca de los Apostoles, The Inquisition of Francisca: A Sixteenth-Century Visionary on Trial (ed. G.T.W. Ahlgren, 2005)

H-J. Goertz, Thomas Müntzer: Apocalyptic Mystic and Revolutionary (Edinburgh, 1993)

-----, The Interrogation of Joan of Arc (ed. K. Sullivan, 1999)

-----, Joan of Arc by Herself and her Witnesses (ed. R. Pernoud, Harmondsworth, 1969)

R.L. Kagan, Lucrecia’s Dreams: Politics and Prophecy in Sixteenth-Century Spain (Berkeley, 1990) [also an e-book]

----- and A. Dyer (eds), Inquisitorial Inquiries: Brief Lives of Secret Jews and Other Heretics (Baltimore, 2004), chap. 3

A.M. Kleinberg, Prophets in their Own Country: Living Saints and the Making of Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages (Chicago and London, 1992)

R.E. Lerner, ‘Medieval Prophecy and Religious Dissent’, Past and Present, 72 (1976), 3-24

-----, ‘The Black Death and Western European Eschatological Mentalities’, American Historical Review, 86 (1981), 533-52

The Life of St Teresa by Herself (ed. J.M. Cohen, Harmondsworth, 1957)

L.H. McAvoy and M. Hughes-Edwards (eds), Anchorites, Wombs and Tombs (Cardiff, 2005)

O. Niccoli, Prophecy and People in Renaissance Italy (Princeton, 1990)

R.H. Popkin, ‘Predicting, Prophecying, Divining and Foretelling from Nostradamus to Hume’, History of European Ideas, 5 (1984), 117-35

A. Walsham, ‘“Frantick Hacket”: Prophecy, Sorcery, Insanity and the Elizabethan Puritan Movement’, Historical Journal, 41 (1998), 27-66

A.K. Warren, Anchorites and their Patrons in Medieval England (London, 1985)

D. Watt, Secretaries of God: Women Prophets in Late Medieval and Early Modern England (Cambridge, 1997)

M. Wilks (ed.), Prophecy and Eschatology (Oxford, 1994)

B.A. Windeatt (ed.), The Book of Margery Kempe (Harmondsworth, 1985; 2000)

 

Astrologers

C. Brosseder, ‘The Writing in the Wittenberg Sky: Astrology in Sixteenth-Century Germany’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 66 (2005), 557-76

B. Capp, Astrology and the Popular Press: English Almanacs, 1500-1800 (London, 1979)

J. Cañizares Esguerra, ‘New World, New Stars: Patriotic Astrology and the Invention of Indian and Creole Bodies in Colonial Spanish America, 1600-1650’, American Historical Review, 104 (1999), 33-68

P. Curry, Prophecy and Power: Astrology in Early Modern England (Princeton, 1989)

P. Curry, ‘Astrology in Early Modern England: the Making of a Vulgar Knowledge’, and G. Ernst, ‘Astrology, Religion and Politics in Counter-Reformation Rome’, both in S. Pumfrey, P.L. Rossi and M. Slawinski (eds), Science, Culture and Popular Belief in Renaissance Europe (Manchester, 1991), pp. 249-91

C.S. Dixon, ‘Popular Astrology and Lutheran Propaganda in Reformation Germany’, History, 84 (1999), 403-18

A. Geneva, Astrology and the Seventeenth-Century Mind (Manchester, 1995)

W.R. Newman and A. Grafton (eds) Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, Mass., 2001)

L. Racaut, ‘A Protestant or Catholic Superstition? Astrology and Eschatology during the French Wars of Religion’, in H. Parish and W.G. Naphy (eds), Religion and Superstition in Reformation Europe (Manchester, 2002), pp. 154-69


 

Week 18: Radical and Atheists

Radicals

H. Bainton, ‘The Left Wing of the Reformation’ in his Studies on the Reformation (London, 1964)

M.G. Baylor (ed.), The Radical Reformation (Cambridge, 1991)

T.D. Bozeman, 'The Glory of the "Third Time": John Eaton as Contra-Puritan', Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 47 (1996)

B. Capp, The Fifth Monarchy Men: a Study in Seventeenth-Century English Millenarianism (London, 1972)

C.P. Classen, ‘The Sociology of Swabian Anabaptism’, Church History (1963)

-----, Anabaptism: a Social History, 1525-1618 (Ithaca and London, 1972)

N. Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium (London, 1970; 1993), chaps. 12-13

T. Cooper, 'Reassessing the Radicals', Historical Journal, 50 (2007), 241-52

H-J. Goertz, The Anabaptists (London, 1996)

----- (ed.), Profiles of Radical Reformers (Kitchener, Ont., 1982)

H. Hillerbrand (ed.), Radical Tendencies in the Reformation (Kirksville, MO., 1988)

R.P. Hsia, Society and Religion in Münster, 1535-1618 (New Haven, 1984)

-----, ‘Münster and the Anabaptists’ in his (ed.), The German People and the Reformation (Ithaca and London, 1988)

W. Klaassen, ‘The Anabaptist Understanding of the Separation of the Church’, Church History (1977) [copy in SLC]

-----, Living at the End of the Ages: Apocalyptic Expectation in the Radical Reformation (London, 1992)

J. F. McGregor and B. Reay (eds), Radical Religion in the English Revolution (Oxford, 1984)

C. Marsh, The Family of Love in English Society, 1500-1630 (Cambridge, 1994)

W.O. Packull, Hutterite Beginnings (Baltimore, 1995)

----- and J.M. Stayer (eds), The Anabaptists and Thomas Müntzer (Iowa, 1980)

T. Scott, ‘The Volksreformation of Thomas Müntzer in Allstedt and Mühlhausen’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 34 (1983)

-----, Thomas Müntzer: Theology and Revolution in the German Reformation (Basingstoke, 1989)

C.A. Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology (Kitchener, Ont., 1995)

J. M. Stayer, ‘The Anabaptists and the Sects’ in New Cambridge Modern History, vol. 2 (1990 edn)

G. H. Williams, The Radical Reformation (Philadelphia, 1962; revised edn 1992)

Atheists

L.L. Carroll, ‘A Nontheistic Paradise in Renaissance Padua’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 24 (1993), 881-98

N. Davidson, ‘Christopher Marlowe and Atheism’, in D. Grantley and P. Roberts (eds), Christopher Marlowe and English Renaissance Culture (Aldershot, 1996), pp. 129-47 [digitised extract]

J. Edwards, 'Religious Faith and Doubt in Late Medieval Spain: Soria circa 1450-1500', Past and Present, 120 (1988), 3-25 [JStor]

L. Febvre, The Problem of Unbelief in the Sixteenth Century: the Religion of Rabelais (Cambridge, Mass. and London, 1982)

M. Hunter, ‘The Problem of “Atheism” in Early Modern England’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 35 (1985), 135-57

----- and D. Wootton (eds), Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment (Oxford, 1992)

E. James, ‘Pierre Bayle, Atheist or Christian?’, Seventeenth-Century French Studies, 24 (2002), 249-58

C.J. Sommerville and J. Edwards, ‘Debate: Religious Faith, Doubt and Atheism’, Past and Present, 128 (1990), 152-61 [JStor]

D. Wootton, ‘Unbelief in Early Modern Europe’, History Workshop Journal, 20 (1985), 82-100

'Review: Lucien Febvre and the Problem of Unbelief in the Early Modern Period', The Journal of Modern History, 60 (1988), pp. 695-730



Week 19: Protestant and Catholic Minorities


General Reading

O.P. Grell and B. Scribner (eds), Tolerance and Intolerance in the European Reformation (Cambridge, 1996)

S. Haliczer (ed.), Inquisition and Society in Early Modern Europe (London, 1987)

B.J. Kaplan, Divided by Faith: Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, Mass. and London, 2007)

A. Pettegree, A. Duke and G. Lewis (eds), Calvinism in Europe, 1540-1620 (Cambridge, 1994)

P. Zagorin, Ways of Lying: Dissimulation, Persecution and Conformity in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, Mass., 1990)


Further Reading

Huguenots

P. Benedict, The Faith and Fortunes of France’s Huguenots, 1600-1685 (Aldershot, 2001)

K. Cameron, M. Greengrass and P. Roberts (eds), The Adventure of Religious Pluralism in Early Modern France (Bern, 2000)

N.Z. Davis, Society and Culture in Early Modern France (London, 1975), esp. the chapter on 'The Rites of Violence' also in Past and Present, 59 (1973)

Keith Luria, Sacred Boundaries: Religious Coexistence and Conflict in Early Modern France (Washington, D.C., 2005)

R.A. Mentzer, ‘The Legal Response to Heresy in Languedoc, 1500-1560’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 4 (1973), 19-30

----- and A. Spicer (eds), Society and Culture in the Huguenot World, 1559-1685 (Cambridge, 2002)

William Monter, Judging the French Reformation: Heresy Trials by Sixteenth-Century Parlements (Cambridge, Mass., 1999)

D. Nicholls, ‘The Nature of Popular Heresy in France, 1520-42’, Historical Journal, 26 (1983), 261-75

-----, 'The Theatre of Martyrdom in the French Reformation', Past and Present, 121 (1988), 49-73 [JStor]

-----, ‘Heresy and Protestantism, 1520-1542: Questions of Perception and Communication’, French History, 10 (1996), 182-205

D. Parker, ‘The Huguenots in Seventeenth-Century France’, in A.C. Hepburn (ed.), Minorities in History (London, 1978)

Luc Racaut, 'The Polemical Use of the Albigensian Crusade during the French Wars of Religion', French History, 13 (1999), 261-79

P. Roberts, ‘France', in Alec Ryrie (ed.), Palgrave Advances in the European Reformations (Basingstoke, 2006), pp. 102-23

-----, ‘Huguenot Conspiracies, Real and Imagined, in Sixteenth-Century France’, in B. Coward and J. Swann (eds), Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theory in Early Modern Europe (Aldershot, 2004), pp. 55-69 [digitised extract]

Other Protestant Minorities

J. Coffey, ‘Puritanism and Liberty Revisited: The Case for Toleration in the English Revolution’, Historical Journal, 41 (1998), 961-85

C. Griffin, Journeymen-Printers, Heresy and the Inquisition in Sixteenth-Century Spain (Oxford, 2005)

A. Duke, Reformation and Revolt in the Low Countries (London, 1990)

G. Henningsen and J. Tedeschi (eds), The Inquisition in Early Modern Europe (Dekalb, Ill., 1986)

G. Marnef, Antwerp in the Age of Reformation: Underground Protestantism in a Commercial Metropolis, 1550-1577 (Baltimore and London, 1996)

J.J. Martin, Venice’s Hidden Enemies: Italian Heretics in a Renaissance City (Berkeley, 1993; Baltimore, 2004) [also an e-book]

J. Pollmann, Religious Choice in the Dutch Republic: the Reformation of Arnoldus Buchelius (1565-1641) (Manchester, 1999)

J. Tedeschi, The Prosecution of Heresy: Collected Studies on the Inquisition in Early Modern Italy (Binghamton, NY, 1991)


Catholic Minorities

J. Delumeau, Catholicism between Luther and Voltaire (London, 1977)

B.J. Kaplan, Divided by Faith: Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, Mass. and London, 2007)

 

English Catholics/Recusants

J. Bossy, The English Catholic Community, 1570-1850 (London, 1975)

-----, ‘The Character of Elizabethan Catholicism’, Past and Present, 21 (1962), 39-59

A. Dillon, ‘Praying by Number: The Confraternity of the Rosary and the English Catholic Community, c. 1580-1700’, History, 88 (2003), 451-71

C. Haigh, ‘The Continuity of Catholicism in the English Reformation’, Past and Present, 93 (1981)

P. Lake and M. Questier, 'Agency, Appropriation and Rhetoric under the Gallows: Puritans, Romanists and the State in Early Modern England', Past and Present, 153 (1996)

L. McClain, ‘Without Church, Cathedral, or Shrine: the Search for Religious Space among Catholics in England, 1559-1625’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 33 (2002), 381-99

A. Milton, ‘A Qualified Intolerance: the Limits and Ambiguities of Early Stuart Anti-Catholicism’, in A. Marotti (ed.), Catholicism and Anti-Catholicism in Early Modern English Texts (Basingstoke, 1999)

A.W.R.E. Okines, ‘Why was there so little Government reaction to the Gunpowder Plot?’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 55 (2004), 275-92

M. Questier, ‘Arminianism, Catholicism, and Puritanism in England during the 1630s’, Historical Journal, 49 (2006), 53-78

T.S. Smith, ‘The Persecution of Staffordshire Roman Catholic Recusants, 1625-1660’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 30 (1979), 327-51

A. Walsham, Church Papists: Catholicism, Conformity and Confessional Polemic in Early Modern England (Woodbridge, 1993)

-----, Charitable Hatred: Tolerance and Intolerance in England, 1500-1700 (Manchester, 2006)

-----, ‘England’s Nicodemites: Crypto-Catholicism and Religious Pluralism in the Post-Reformation Context’, in K. Cameron, M. Greengrass and P. Roberts (eds), The Adventure of Religious Pluralism in Early Modern France (Bern, 2000), pp. 289-304

Jansenists

W. Doyle, Jansenism: Catholic Resistance to Authority from the Reformation to the French Revolution (Basingstoke, 2002)

R. Golden, The Godly Rebellion (Chapel Hill, NC, 1981)

D. Kostroun, ‘A Formula for Disobedience: Jansenism, Gender, and the Feminist Paradox’, Journal of Modern History, 75 (2003), 483-522

-----, ‘The Nuns of Port Royal: a Case of Reasonable Disobedience?’ in K. Cameron, M. Greengrass and P. Roberts (eds), The Adventure of Religious Pluralism in Early Modern France (Bern, 2000), pp. 261-74

A. Sedgwick, Jansenism in Seventeenth-Century France: Voices from the Wilderness (Charlottesville, 1977)

 

Week 20: Slaves and Blacks

 

K. Anderson, Chain Her by One Foot: The Subjugation of Native Women in Seventeenth-Century New France (London, 1991)

R. Bartlett, 'Medieval and Early Modern Concepts of Race and Ethnicity', Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 31 (2001), 39-56

B. Braude, ‘The Sons of Noah and the Construction of Ethnic and Geographical Identities in the Medieval and Early Modern Periods’, William and Mary Quarterly, 54, 1 (1997), 103-42 (and other essays in this volume)

R.C. Davis, Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast and Italy, 1500-1800 (Palgrave, 2004)

-----, 'Counting European Slaves on the Barbary Coast', Past and Present, 172 (2001), 87-124

T.F. Earle and K.F.P. Lowe (eds), Black Africans in Renaissance Europe (Cambridge, 2005)

S.A. Epstein, ‘Slaves in Italy, 1350-1550’, in Milner (ed), At the Margins, pp. 219-35

E.G. Friedman, Spanish Captives in North Africa in the Early Modern Age (Madison, 1983)

T.G. Hahn, 'The Difference the Middle Ages Makes: Colour and Race before the Modern World', Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 31 (2001), 1-37

R. Hellie, ‘Recent Soviet Historiography on Medieval and Early Modern Russian Slavery’, Russian Review, 35 (1976), 1-32

K. Lowe, '"Representing" Africa: Ambassadors and Princes from Christian Africa to Renaissance Italy and Portugal, 1402-1608', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 17 (2007), 101-28

J. Meznar, ‘Our Lady of the Rosary, African Slaves, and the Struggle Against Heretics in Brazil, 1550-1660’, Journal of Early Modern History, 9 (2005), 371-97

T. Nichols (ed), Others and Outcasts in Early Modern Europe: Picturing the Social Margins (Ashgate, 2007), chap. 8

A.J. Russell-Wood, ‘Iberian Expansion and the Issue of Black Slavery: Changing Portuguese Attitudes, 1440-1770’, American Historical Review, 83 (1978), 16-42

J. Schorsch, Jews and Blacks in the Early Modern World (Cambridge, 2004)

J.H. Sweet, ‘The Iberian Roots of American Racist Thought’, William and Mary Quarterly, 54 (1997), 143-66

A.T. Vaughan, 'Before Othello: Elizabethan Representations of Sub-Saharan Africans', William and Mary Quarterly, 54 (1997), 19-44

T.B. Ward, ‘Toward a Concept of Unnatural Slavery during the Renaissance: A Review of Primary and Secondary Sources’, Inter-American Review of Bibliography, 42 (1992), 259-79

G. Weiss, ‘Commerce, Conversion and French Religious Identity in the Early Modern Mediterranean’, in K. Cameron, M. Greengrass and P. Roberts (eds), The Adventure of Religious Pluralism in Early Modern France (Bern, 2000), pp. 275-88

-----, ‘Barbary Captivity and the French Idea of Freedom’, French Historical Studies, 28 (2005), 231-64

-----, Captives and Corsairs: France and Slavery in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Stanford, 2011)

 

 

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