- How did Europeans visually represent the inhabitants of the new world? What features of these new cultures attracted their gaze? On what traditions did they draw?
- Were new world peoples seen as essentially similar to or as profoundly different from Europeans?
- De Bry, Theodore, Images of Indians, available online at The History Project, http://historyproject.ucdavis.edu/khapp.php?Min=446
- Froschauer, Johann, ‘Americans’ 1505, available online at The History Project, http://historyproject.ucdavis.edu/khapp.php?SlideNum=281
- White, John, drawings of Virginia. Selections from his drawings are available online at: The American Drawings of John White 1577- 1590, http://www.gmu.edu/library/specialcollections/john_white.html and at The History Project, http://historyproject.ucdavis.edu/khapp.php?Min=453
- Whitehead, Neil, ‘Hans Staden and the Cultural Politics of Cannibalism’, Hispanic American Historical Review, vol. 80:4 (2000)—look at the woodcuts from Hans Staden’s text.
Required Secondary Reading
- Bucher, Bernadette, Icon and Conquest: A Structural Analysis of the Illustrations of de Bry's Great Voyages, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, 1981), part 1
Additional Secondary Readings
- Burke, Peter, Eyewitnessing: The Uses of Images as Historical Evidence (Ithaca, 2001)
- Conley, Tom, ‘De Bry’s Las Casas’, Amerindian Images and the Legacy of Columbus, eds. René Jara and Nicholas Spadaccini, University of Minnesota Press (Minneapolis, 1992).
- Elliott, J. H., ‘The Discovery of America and the Discovery of Man’, Facing Each Other: the World’s Perception of Europe and Europe’s Perception of the World, ed. Anthony Padgen, Ashgate (Aldershot, 2000), vol. II, pp. 150-186.
- Honor, Hugh, This New Golden Land: European Images of America from the Discoveries to the Present Time, Allen Lane (London, 1976).
- Kusukawa, Sachiko, ‘The Uses of Pictures in the Formation of Learned Knowledge: The Cases of Leonhard Fuchs and Andreas Vesalius’, Transmitting Knowledge: Words, Images, and Instruments in Early Modern Europe, eds. Sachiko Kusukawa and Ian Maclean, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
- Lestringant, Frank, Cannibals: The Discovery and Representation of the Cannibal from Columbus to Jules Verne. Trans. by Rosemary Morris, Polity Press (Cambridge, 1997).
- Mason, Peter, Deconstructing America: Representation of the Other, Routledge (London and New York, 1990), chapter 3: The monstrous race.
- Mason, Peter, The Lives of Images (London, 2001)
- Mason, Peter, ‘From Presentation to Representation’: Americana in Europe’, Journal of the History of Collections V/1 (1994): 1-20
- Massing, J.M., 'Early European Images of America: the Ethnograpic Approach', Circa 1492: Art in the Age of Exploration, exhibition catalogue (New Haven, 1991), pp. 515-16.
- Palencia-Roth, Michael, ‘Cannibalism and the New Man of Latin America in the 15th-and 16th-Century European Imagination’, Comparative Civilizations Review 12 (1985): 1-27.
- Ramírez Alvarado, María del Mar, 'Construir una imagen', Visión Europea del indígena americana, CSIC (Madrid, 2001).
- Rubies, Joan-Pau, ‘New Worlds and Renaissance Ethnology’, Facing Each Other, ed. Pagden, vol. 1, pp. 81-121.
- Sturtevant, W.C., ‘First Visual Images of Native America’, First Images of America, vol. 1, ed. by F. Chiapelli (Berkeley, 1976).