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Seminar 6

Seminar questions:

  • 'In the first twenty years of his reign, George III reinstated the absolute control of the monarchy over British politics'. Discuss.
  • Assess Rockingham's contribution to the development of the Whig party.
  • Why do historians have such differing opinions of George III?
  • What happens to the Tories between 1760 and 1789?

George III

See O’Gorman, The Long Eighteenth century, Holmes and Szechi, The Age of Oligarchy and Evans, The forging of the modern state

J Brewer, Party Ideology and Popular Politics at the Accession of George III

J Brewer, ‘The Misfortunes of Lord Bute: a case study in eighteenth century political argument and public opinion’, Historical Journal, 1973

J Brooke, George III

H Butterfield, George III and the Historians

J Cannon, Fox-North Coalition 1782-4

I R Christie, Myth and Reality in Late Eighteenth Century British Politics

I R Christie, End of North's Ministry, 1780-2

I R Christie, 'Party in politics in the age of Lord North's administration', Parliamentary History, 198

B Coleman, Conservatism and the Conservative party

L Colley, Britons

L Colley, ‘The Apotheosis of George III: Loyalty, Royalty and the English nation’, Past and Present, 1984

S Farrell, ‘The purposes and practice of party leadership: Rockingham and the House of Lords, 1765-82’, Parliamentary History, 2002

J A W Gunn, ‘The spectre at the feast: the persistence of high Tory ideas’ in J A W Gunn, Beyond Liberty and Property

K G Feilding, Second Tory Party, 1714-1832

A S Foord, His Majesty's Opposition 1714-1832

P Kelly, British Parliamentary Politics 1784-86', Hist Journal, 1974

P Langford, The First Rockingham Administration 1765-6

P Langford, Edmund Burke

L Namier, The Structure of Politics at the Accession of George III

F O'Gorman, Emergence of the British Two Party System

F O'Gorman, The Rise of Party in England

F O’Gorman, ‘Party in the late eighteenth century’ in J Cannon (ed.), The Whig Ascendancy

E A Smith, Whig Principles and Party Politics