- What factors shaped the nature of early colonisation in the Caribbean and Brazil?
- How did Columbus make sense of the new world?
- What kind of society grew up in early colonial Brazil? What forms of labour did the Portuguese settlers prefer?
Required Seminar Reading
- Alida C. Metcalf, “Domingos Fernandes Nobre, ‘Tomacauna’, A Go-Between in Sixteenth-Century Brazil,” The Human Tradition in Colonial Latin America, ed. Kenneth Andrien (Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 2002), pp. 51-63 (AM101 Library Scans)
- Columbus, Christopher, Journal of the First Voyage, 1492-3 (Read from 11 October to the end)
This text is available in many different formats. See for example:
Christopher Columbus and the Enterprise of the Indies: A Brief History with Documents, ed. Geoffrey Symcox and Blair Sullivan, Palgrave (2005).
Columbus, Christopher, Journal of the First Voyage, 1492-3, American Journeys: Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement, (The American Journeys Website is also useful for other accounts and primary source material including, for example, Bartolomé de las Casas. You can search the texts with specific search terms.)
‘Medieval Sourcebook: Christopher Columbus, Extracts from Journal’, http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/columbus1.html (extracts).
- C R Boxer, The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415-1825. London: Hutchinson, 1969 (chapters on early colonisation of Brazil)
- Schwartz, Stuart B, Sugar Plantations in the Formation of Brazilian Society: Bahia, 1550-1835 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985)
- Seed, Patricia, "Are These Not Also Men?': The Indians' Humanity and Capacity for Spanish Civilisation."Journal of Latin American Studies. Vol. 25 No.3, (1993) pp. 629-652.
- Burkholder, Mark, and Lyman Johnson, Colonial Latin America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), Chapter 1, “Iberia and America Before the Conquest,” pp 1-43
- Primary sources: “Origins, Conquest and Colonial Rule” (chapter 1), The Brazil Reader, eds. Robert Levine and John Crocitti (Durham: Duke University Press, 1999), pp. 16-62