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Popular protest

Essay and seminar questions

  • Was conflict inherent within medieval social relations?

  • Can popular protest be explained solely in economic terms?
  • Was the English Rising of 1381 typical of popular rebellions in the Middle Ages?
  • To what extent was manorialism responsible for the English Rising of 1381?


    Introductory Reading (see also Rural society readings)

    Barber, The Two Cities, 43-46

    Bartlett, The Making of Europe, 106-166

    Waley and Denley, Later Medieval Europe, 90-105


    Further Reading (see also Rural Society readings)

    Aston, Margaret, 'Corpus Christi and Corpus Regni: Heresy and the Peasants' Revolt', Past & Present 134 (1994), 3 - 47.

    Aston, T.H., and Philpin, C.H.E., (eds.), The Brenner Debate: Agrarian Class Structure and Economic Development in Pre-Industrial Europe (Cambridge, 1985)

    Bailey, Mark (ed. and trans.), The English Manor c. 1200-c.1500 (Manchester, 2002)

    Bloch, Marc, French Rural History, trans. Janet Sondheimer (London, 1966)

    Chick, Joe, ‘Leaders and Rebels: John Wrawe’s Role in the Suffolk Rising of 1381’, Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute for Archaeology & History, 44 (2018), pp. 214-234.

    Cohn, Samuel Kline, Jr., (ed. and trans.), Popular Protest in Late Medieval Europe: Italy, France and Flanders (Manchester, 2004)

    Cohn, Samuel Kline, Jr., 'Popular insurrection and the Black Death: a comparative view' in Rodney Hilton's Middle Ages : an exploration of historical themes, Christopher Dyer, Peter Coss, and Chris Wickham eds., (Oxford, 2007).

    Cohn, Samuel Kline, Jr., Lust for liberty : the politics of social revolt in medieval Europe, 1200-1425 : Italy, France, and Flanders (Cambridge, MA, 2008)

    Cohn, Samuel Kline, Jr., 'The ‘Modernity’ of Medieval Popular Revolt', History Compass 10.10 (2012): 731-41.

    Dobson, R.B. (ed.), The Peasants' Revolt of 1381 (1983). [A collection of sources].

    Duby, Georges, The Three Orders: Feudal Society Imagined (Chicago, 1980)

    Dyer, Christopher, Making a Living in the Middle Ages (Yale, 2002).

    Dyer, C. 'The social and economic background to the rural revolt of 1381' in The English Rising of 1381 eds. R. H. Hilton and T. H. Aston (Cambridge University Press, 1987), pp.3-42.

    Hanawalt, Barbara, The Ties that Bound: Peasant Families in Medieval England (Oxford, 1986)

    Herlihy, David, Medieval Households (Cambridge, Mass., 1985)

    Hilton, R.H., English and French Towns in Feudal Society (Cambridge, 1992)
    Hilton, R.H. and Aston, T. H. (eds.), The English Rising of 1381 (Cambridge, 1984).

    Hilton, R.H., The English Peasantry in the Late Middle Ages (Oxford, 1975)

    Mollat, Michel, The Poor in the Middle Ages: An Essay in Social History (New Haven, 1986)

    Michel Mollat, Philippe Wolff, The popular revolutions of the late Middle Ages (1973)

    Postan, M.M., (ed.), Cambridge Economic History of Europe, vol. 1: Agrarian Life of the Middle Ages, 2nd rev. edn. (Cambridge, 1966)

    Rösener, Werner, Peasants in the Middle Ages, trans. Alexander Stutzer (Champaign, 1992)