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Discussion topics

What were the driving forces and main instruments of European state formation?
Was the kingdom of France more effectively centralised by 1559 than by 1600?
Had England become a 'nation state' by 1603?


**NOTE: Some eresources are accessible only on-campus or via off-campus proxies or the athens service**

Written Sources




·De Thou (1553-1617), statesman and historian, who as a young man witnessed the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, describes that event
Edict of Nantes (excerpts)
Elizabeth's Act of Uniformity (1559)
English Books of Common Prayer
Elizabethan Sumptuary Law
England and Wales. Court of Star Chamber - Reports of cases in the courts of Star Chamber and High Commission
Sumptuary Decree - Enforcing Statutes of Apparel [Greenwich, 15 June 1574, 16 Elizabeth I]
Radio 4 'In Our time' discussion on Field of the Cloth of Gold [ including link to audio recording]


·Elizabeth I in parliament. 1682
Portrait of François I, King of France - Jean Clouet 1525-30
Cazaubon, First President of the Parlement de Paris, 1723
Edict of Nantes
Henri IV signing the Edict of Nantes
 Palais de Justice

Audio Links

Search for suitable versions of the following pieces on

O Lord, make Thy servant Elizabeth, anthem for 6 voices (SAATTB) - Composed by William Byrd

·Purcell Welcome Ode for Queen Mary - Welcome Glorious Morn
Charpentier - Medee: Act II - Scene 1 - 'Vos reproches, Seigneur, ne sont pas legitimes'
Purcell - Hail, bright Cecilia (Ode for St. Cecilia's Day), for soloists, chorus & instruments·
Purcell - Voluntary In D Minor

ETexts - Online Reading available at Warwick


Elton, 'Tudor Government', HJ 31 (1988) [JStor]

Barber, Sarah. Regicide and republicanism: politics and ethics in the English revolution, 1646-1659

Bohanan, Donna, Crown and nobility in early modern France ,2001

Carroll, Stuart, Noble power during the French wars of religion 1998

Cunningham, Health care and poor relief in Protestant Europe, 1500-1700 1997.

Dewald, Jonathan. Aristocratic experience and the origins of modern culture 1993

Hunt, Margaret R., The middling sort :commerce, gender, and the family in England, 1680-1780 1996

Newcombe, D. G. Henry VIII and the English Reformation 1995.

Roelker, Nancy One king, one faith: the Parlement of Paris and the religious reformations of the sixteenth century 1996

Strong, Roy C. The Tudor and Stuart monarchy: pageantry, painting, iconography 1995 (2 volumes, choose from catalogue list)

Todd, Margot Reformation to revolution: politics and religion in early modern England 1995



Secondary literature: Tudor State

S. Alford, Kingship and Politics in the Reign of Edward VI (2002)

Bak, Coronations Medieval and early modern monarchic ritual

Barry, Medicine and charity before the welfare state . c1991.

M. Brayshay, P. Harrison and B. Chalkley, 'Knowledge, nationhood and governance: the speed of the Royal post in early-modern England' in Journal of Historical Geography, 24:3 (1998)

S. Brigden, New Worlds, lost Worlds: the Rule of the Tudors 1485-1603 (2001)

Cole, Mary Hill, The portable queen 1999

P. Collinson (ed.), The Sixteenth Century (2002), chap. by Steven Ellis

P. Edwards, The Making of the Modern English State 1460-1660 (2001)

Ellis, Steven G., Tudor frontiers and noble power 1995

S.G. Ellis, 'Crown, community and government in the English territories 1450-1575', History 71 (1986)

G. R. Elton, 'Tudor Government', HJ 31 (1988) [JStor]

Finley-Croswhite, S. Annette. Henry IV and the towns 1999

J. Guy, Tudor England (1988)

" (ed.), The Tudor Monarchy (1997)

Howard, Skiles. The politics of courtly dancing in early modern England 1998

Hull, Suzanne W., Women according to men 1996

E. W. Ives, Faction in Tudor England (Hist. Assoc. 1979)

Kaplan, M. Lindsay. The culture of slander in early modern England 1997

Lerer, Seth, Courtly letters in the age of Henry VIII:literary culture and the arts of deceit 1997

C. Levin, The Reign of Elizabeth (2001)

J. Loach (ed.), Edward VI (1999)

D. Loades, Politics and the Nation, 1450-1660 (1974)

" , Tudor Government (1997)

Nischan, Bodo. Prince, people, and confession: the Second Reformation in Brandenburg 1994

G. Richardson, Renaissance Monarchy: the Reigns of Henry V111, Francis 1 and Charles V (2002)

C. Russell, The Crisis of Parliaments: English History 1509-1660 (1971)

Scott, Jonathan, England's troubles: seventeenth- century English political instability in European context 2000

A. G. R. Smith, Tudor Government (Hist. Assoc. 1990)

P. Williams, The Tudor Regime (1979), ch. 12

" , The Later Tudors (1995), chs 5-6

Wood, Neal. Foundations of political economy: some early Tudor views on state and society 1994


Secondary literature: Valois France

R. Briggs, Early Modern France 1560-1715 (1977)

M. Greengrass, France in the Age of Henry IV (1984 & 1995)

Mack P. Holt (ed.), Renaissance and Reformation France 1500-1648 (2002)

M. Holt, 'King in Parlement: The problem of the lit de justice in 16th Century France', HJ 31 (1988) [JStor]

R. J. Knecht, French Renaissance Monarchy: Francis I and Henry II (1984 & 1996)

" , 'Francis I and the 'Lit de Justice': A Legend Defended', French History 7 (1993), 53-83

" , Renaissance Warrior and Patron: The Reign of Francis I (1994)

" , The Rise and Fall of Renaissance France 1483-1610 (1996 & 2001) SLC

E. Le Roy Ladurie, The Royal French State, 1460-1610 (trans. 1994), part I

J. R. Major, From Renaissance Monarchy to Absolute Monarchy (1994)

D. Potter, A History of France, 1460-1560: the Emergence of a Nation State (1995)

G. Richardson, Renaissance Monarchy: the Reigns of Henry V111, Francis 1 and Charles V (2002)

P. Roberts, 'Royal Authority and Justice during the French Religious Wars', P&P 184 (2004), 3-32.

J. H. Shennan, Government and Society in France 1461-1661 (1969)



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Source Collections

History of France: Primary Documents, 1454 - 1788

History of the United Kingdom: Primary Documents, 1486 - 1688 

History of the United Kingdom: Primary Documents, 1689 - 1815




'European State Finance Database': collection of data arranged in various thematic sections, see e.g. 'charts' columns under items listed in 'resources directory'

English Short-Title Catalogue (ESTC) Catalogue of all books published either in Britain or in English between 1475 and 1800. "Significant" titles are available in full text in EEBO and ECCO (above)

Zachary Lesser / Charlie Mitchell, 'The Tyburn Tree', a website with sources and information on public execution in early modern

BOPCRIS: British official publications 1688-1995 abstracts of some pre-1800 documents are available

Civil War and Revolution - part of 'VirtualNorfolk', online initiative by UEA

Proceedings of the Old Bailey London 1674-1834 Now complete: over 100,000 trials online, searchable by crime, name, verdict

The castle of Louis XIV, Versailles. You can also learn more about Louis XIV, his life, and his court.