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Minorities in the Middle Ages

Seminar Questions

  • How were Jews, Muslims and other minority groups living in Christian Europe treated by the secular and religious authorities and by their neighbours?


Introductory Reading


R.I. Moore, The Formation of a Persecuting Society (2007), 26 - 61.

Kenneth Stow, 'The Church and the Jews' in The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume 5, pp. 204 - 19.

David Nirenberg, 'Muslims in Christian Iberia, 1000 - 1526: varieties of Mudejar experience' in P. Linehan and J.L. Nelson (eds.), The Medieval World (2001), 60 - 76.

Further Reading


Primary sources can be found in 'The Jewish Middle Ages' section of the Internet History Sourcebook:

Abulafia, Anna Sapir (ed.), Religious Violence between Christians and Jews (2001).

Boswell, John, Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality (1981).

Chazan, Robert, Medieval Jewry in Northern France (1973).

Cohen, Jeremy, Under Crescent and Cross. The Jews in the Middle Ages (1994).

Cohen, Jeremy, The Friars and the Jews (1982).

Dobson, R.B., The Jews of Medieval York and the Massacre of March 1190 (1974).

Karras, Ruth Mazo, Common Women: Prostitution and Sexuality in Medieval England (1998).

Karras, Ruth Mazo, ‘The Regulation of Brothels in Late Medieval England’ Signs 14 (1989), 399–433.

Keufler, Mathew (ed.), The Boswell thesis: essays on Christianity, social tolerance and homosexuality (2006).

Meyerson, Mark and English. Edward D. (eds.), Christians, Jews and Muslims in Medieval and Early Modern Spain (2000).

Nirenberg, David, Communities of Violence: Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages (1996).

Rawcliffe, Carole, Leprosy in Medieval England (2006).

Richardson, H.G., The English Jewry under the Angevin Kings (1960).

Stow, Kenneth R., Alienated Minority: the Jews of Medieval Latin Europe (1992).

Stow, Kenneth R., 'Conversion, apostasy, and apprehensiveness: Emicho of Flonheim and the fear of Jews in the twelfth century', Speculum 76 (2001), 911 - 33.