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Week 4: The Evolution of Rights 1

Hidalgo Rivera

4. The Evolution of Rights 1: Nation, Sovereignty and Civil and Political Rights

Did the idea of rights and human rights begin to emerge in the late-eighteenth and early- nineteenth century? What do we mean by different ‘generations’ of rights and how and in what socio-political context did they develop? How did human rights develop in Latin America and how were they negotiated? How are human rights related to the nation state and ideas of sovereignty? How do ideas of sovereignty change with indigenous rights?

Primary sources:

Simon Bolivar, El Libertador: Writings of Simon Bolivar, Trans Fred Fornoff, David Bushnell (ed.) Oxford University Press, 2003.

Simon Bolivar, Address at the Congress of Angostura (1819)

Constitutions of Colombia, Venezuela 1822-24

Camba Nation declaration, Bolivia 2001.

US Bill of Rights, 1789 (and the Declaration of Independence, 1776 and the Constitution of the United States)

Declaration of the Rights of Man, National Assembly of France, August 26, 1789

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966. 

Core Reading:

Sergio Armando Gallegos Ordorica. "The Racial Legacy of the Enlightenment in Simón Bolívar's Political Thought." Critical Philosophy of Race, vol. 6 no. 2, 2018, p. 198-215.

Hilda Sábato. ‘On Political Citizenship in Nineteenth-Century Latin AmericaThe American Historical Review. 106:4 (2001), 1290–1315.

Victor Uribe Uran. “The Birth of the Public Sphere in Latin America During the Age of Revolution.” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 42:2, 2000.

Further Reading:

Jeremy Adelman. Sovereignty and Revolution in the Iberian Atlantic. Princeton University Press, 2016.

Catherine Andrews (2016) 'Alternatives to the constitution of Cadiz in New Spain: republicanism and the insurgent constitutional decree of Apatzingan (1814)', Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, 22:3, 163-180.

Scott Eastman, and Natalia Sobrevilla Perea (eds.), The Rise of Constitutional Government in the Iberian Atlantic World : The Impact of the Cádiz Constitution Of 1812. University of Alabama Press, 2015.(Especially Chapter 4 on Race in New Granada and Chapter 8 on Slavery in the US and Brazil)

Tom Farer (ed.) Beyond Sovereignty: Collectively Defending Sovereignty in the Americas. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Gargarella, Roberto. "The First Latin American Constitutions (1810–1850)." Latin American Constitutionalism, 1810-2010: The Engine Room of the Constitution. Oxford University Press, 2013.

Lynn Hunt. Inventing Human Rights. W. W. Norton, 2008.

M. C. Mirow. Latin American Constitutions: The Constitution of Cadiz and Its Legacy in Spanish America.Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Eduardo Posada Carbó. Elections before democracy. the history of elections in Europe and Latin America. Basingstoke : Macmillan, 1996.

Eduardo Posada Carbó.Posada-Carbó E. (2017) "Translating the US Constitution for the Federal Cause in New Granada at the Time of Independence." In Hook D., Iglesias-Rogers G. (eds) Translations In Times of Disruption. Palgrave Studies in Translating and Interpreting. Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Sabato, Hilda. Republics of the New World. The Revolutionary Political Experiment in Nineteenth-Century Latin America. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018.

Timo Schaefer. The Rise and Fall of Legal Rule in Post-Colonial Mexico 1820-1900. (Cambridge University Press, 2017)

Rachel Sieder, “Recognizing Indigenous Law and the Politics of State Formation in Latin America" in Rachel Sieder (ed). Multiculturalism in Latin America: Indigenous Rights, Diversity and Democracy, Palgrave Press, 2002.

Rodolfo Stavenhagen, “Indigenous Peoples and the State in Latin America: An Ongoing Debate” in Rachel Sieder (ed). Multiculturalism in Latin America: Indigenous Rights, Diversity and Democracy, Palgrave Press, 2002.

Victor Uribe Uran. “The Birth of the Public Sphere in Latin America During the Age of Revolution.” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 42:2, 2000.