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Week 1: Consequences of Conquest and Colonialism

Consequences of Conquest and Colonialism

How did sixteenth century Europeans make sense of the New World and the people of the America? What was the nature of the philosophical debate regarding the relationship between the people of the Old and New Worlds? How was this reflected in legislation? How did ordinary people relate to the state in colonial Latin America (from the sixteenth to the eighteenth-centuries? How did they use the law to resist and/ or negotiate to protect their interests?

Primary Sources:

Guaman, Poma de Ayala, Felipe. First New Chronicle and Good Government: On the History of the World and the Incas up To 1615, edited by Roland Hamilton, University of Texas Press, 2009.

Barbara E. Mundy and Dana Leibsohn, "History from Things: Indigenous Objects and Colonial Latin America",World History Connected,2012.

The Huexotzingo Codex, 1531. World Digital Library, Library of Congress

Matthew Restal, Lisa Sousa and Kevin Terraciano (eds.) Mesoamerican Voices: Native Language Writings from Colonial Mexico, Yucatan and Guatemala. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 2005. (Esp. Household and Land Section).

Core Readings:

Read EITHER the Tamar Herzog OR the Ward Stavig article:

Tamar Herzog “Colonial law and Native Customs: Indigenous Land Rights in Colonial Spanish America.” The Americas 63(3) (2013): 303-321.

Ward Stavig. “Ambiguous Visions: Nature, Law, and Culture in Indigenous-Spanish Land Relations in Colonial Peru.Hispanic American Historical Review (2000) 80 (1): 77-112.

AND

Nancy E. Van Deusen. Global Indios: The Indigenous Struggle for Justice in Sixteenth-Century Spain, Duke University Press, 2015. (Introduction)

Background Reading:

Oxford Handbook (Chapters 1-4, take your pick).

Chasteen (Relevant chapters)

Williamson (Relevant chapters)

Further Reading:

Sherwin K. Bryant, Rachel Sarah O'Toole, and Ben Vinson, eds. Africans to Spanish America: Expanding the Diaspora. Baltimore: University of Illinois Press, 2012. (Especially Part II and Chapter by O'Toole)

Karoline P. Cook. Forbidden Passages: Muslims and Moriscos in Colonial Spanish America. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016).

Nancy Farriss. Maya Society Under Colonial Rule: the collective enterprise of Survival, Princeton N.J: Princeton, 1984.

Lewis Hanke. The Spanish struggle for justice in the conquest of America, 1949.

Nicole von Gemeten. Black blood brothers : confraternities and social mobility for Afro-Mexicans. University Press of Florida, 2006.
Nicole von Germeten. "Black Brotherhoods in Mexico City". In Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra, Matt D. Childs, and James Sidbury, eds. The Black Urban Atlantic in the Age of the Slave Trade. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013.

Brooke Larson. Cochabamba, 1550-1900: Colonialism and Agrarian Transformation In Bolivia. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998.

Sonya Lipsett-Rivera, To Defend our Water with the Blood of our Veins: The Struggle for Resources in Colonial Puebla. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1999.

Walter D. Mignolo. The Darker Side of Western Modernity : Global Futures, Decolonial Options, Duke University Press, 2011.

Mignolo, Walter D., and Walter Mignolo. The Idea of Latin America, John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 1991.

Barbara E. Mundy and Dana Leibsohn, "History from Things: Indigenous Objects and Colonial Latin America",World History Connected,2012.

Edmundo O'Gorman. The Invention of America. 1961.

Brian Owensby, "Between justice and economics : "Indians" and reformism in eighteenth-century Spanish imperial thought." in Lauren Benton and Richard J. Ross (eds.) Legal Pluralism and Empires, 1500-1850. New York: New York University Press, 2013.

Anthony Pagden. Spanish Imperialism and the Political Imagination: Studies in European and Spanish-American Social and Political Theory 1513-1830. New Haven/ London: Yale, 1990.

Gabriela Ramos, 'Pastoral Visitations: Spaces of Negotiation in Andean Indigenous Parishes.' The Americas, Volume 73, Issue 01, January 2016, pp 39-57. Special Issue, Canon Law and Its Practice in Colonial Latin America.

Patricia Seed 'Are These Not Also Men?': The Indians' Humanity and Capacity for Spanish Civilisation’, Journal of Latin American Studies 25:3 (1993), 629-652.
Patricia Seed. American Pentimiento: The invention of the Indian and the Pursuit of Riches. Minneapolis/ London: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.

Tatiana Seijas. Asian Slaves in Colonial Mexico: From Chinos to Indians (Cambridge Latin American Studies). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Mariza de Carvalho Soares. People of faith: slavery and African Catholics in eighteenth-century Rio de Janeiro. Translated by Jerry D. Metz. Duke University Press, 2011.

Karen Spalding, Huarochiri: a Colonial Province Under Inca and Spanish Rule. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1984.

Sweet, James H. Recreating Africa: Culture, Kinship, and Religion in the African-Portuguese World, 1441-1770. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003. (Especially Part 2; African Religious Responses).

William B. Taylor and Franklin Pease G.Y Violence and Resistance in the Americas: Native Americans and the Legacy of Conquest, co-edited Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.

William B. Taylor Magistrates of the Sacred: Priests and Parishioners in Eighteenth-Century Mexico. Stanford University Press, 1997.

Williams, Caroline A. “Opening New Frontiers in Colonial Spanish American History: New Perspectives on Indigenous-Spanish Interactions on the Margins of Empire.” History Compass, vol. 6, no. 4, July 2008, pp. 1121–1139. (A useful review article).

Silvio Arturo Zavala. The Defense of Human Rights in Latin America Sixteenth to Eighteenth Century. Paris: Unesco, 1964.

Playlist:

The Early Music Show: Latin America's turbulent colonial history told through Music. BBC Radio 3, 18 October 2020.