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Radicalism in the English Revolution 1640-1660 (HI312) - Leading Dates

Checklist of Some Leading Dates
1637   King attempts to impose Prayer book on Scots
1638   Scottish assembly takes National Covenant
1639   Charles attempts war against Scots;
  June forced to make peace at Berwick
1640 April-May Short Parliament
  August 2nd war against Scots, who occupy NE England.
  Nov Peace at Ripon in Nov.: Charles promises £850 a day to the Scots
  3 November Long Parliament assembles
  December Laud imprisoned; Root & Branch petition against episcopacy
1641 February Triennial Act
  Spring Proceedings against Strafford; fears of Catholic disaffection in the northern army.
  3 May Commons Protestation against Popery.
  5 May Pym reveals details of Army Plot to the Commons.
  10 May Charles accepts Bill of Attainder against Strafford (executed 12 May) and Bill stating that Parliament can only be dissolved with its own consent.
  July Star Chamber and High Commission abolished.
  Aug-November Charles goes to Scotland seeking allies.
  23 October Rebellion in Ireland; news reaches England, 1. November.
  22 November Grand Remonstrance passed by 11 votes.
  21 December New Common Council in London brings the city over to Parliament.
  23 December Charles rejects Grand Remonstrance, and attempts to gain control of the Tower.
  29 December Bishops protest against mob violence, and are impeached by the Commons.
1642 3 January Impeachment of 5 Members; attempt to arrest them fails,
  4 January Charles abandons London
  February Act barring Bishops from House of Lords.
  March Militia Ordinance, which Charles refuses to accept.
  August Outbreak of civil war.
1643 June Westminster Assembly, to settle religion
  17 August Solemn League and Covenant (military & religious alliance with Scots)
  December Death of Pym.
1645 January Self Denying Ordinance, leading to creation of New Model Army under Fairfax and Cromwell;
  June Battle of Naseby. Prayer Book replaced by Directory; Laud executed.
1646 February Last royalist army collapses; Charles surrenders to the Scots,
  May Parliament abolishes episcopacy and approves Presbyterianism.
1647   Scottish army is paid off and returns home, handing over Charles to Parliament.
  March Parliamentary plan to disband New Model leads to election of Agitators.
  23 May Parliament orders New Model to disband; army refuses.
  2 June Army rendezvous at Newmarket, and the Engagement (5 June).
  3 June Joyce seizes the king.
  15 June Army accuses 11 leading Presbyterian MPs of treason.
  July Army debates at Reading on whether to march on London. Officers issue Heads of the Proposals (constitutional scheme). The 11 Members flee, but mob riots in London for Charles and against the Army led to the flight of 60 Independent MPs to the Army for protection.
1647 6 August Army enters London and restores Independent MPs.
  October Leveller 1st Agreement of the People debated at Putney, October-November;
  11 November last meeting of Army Council.
  11 November Charles escapes from the Army and flees to the Isle of Wight.
  15 November Attempted army mutiny at Corkbush Field, Ware
  26 December Charles signs agreement with the Scots.
1648 3 January Parliament's Vote of No Further Addresses to the king.
  March-August 2nd Civil War.
  6 December Pride's Purge (Army purges Presbyterians from Parliament).
1649 6 January The Rump (of the Long Parliament) sets up High Court of Justice to try the king.
  30 January Execution of Charles. Rump abolishes House of Lords (March) and proclaims a republic (May) but Scots declare for Charles II.
1649 Aug Cromwell's campaign in Ireland
1650 June Cromwell invades Scotland; Battle of Dunbar, 3 September
1651   Charles II & Scots invade England; routed by Cromwell at Worcester, 3 September.
1652-54   War against the Dutch.
1653 20 April Cromwell dissolves the Rump
  4 July Barebones Parliament assembles
  12 December Barebones resigns
  12 December Establishment of Protectorate under the Instrument of Government (devised by Lambert)
1654 September First Protectorate Parliament
1655 Spring Royalist risings, followed by the rule of the Major-Generals, 1655-6. Expedition to West Indies failed to capture Hispaniola but takes Jamaica, leading to war with Spain 1655-59.
1656 September 2nd Protectorate Parliament (2nd session 1657 June January-February 1658)
1657 March Humble Petition and Advice; Parliament offers Cromwell the crown.
  June Cromwell refuses the crown, but is installed as hereditary Lord Protector.
1658 3 September Death of Cromwell; his son Richard succeeds.
1659 May Army forces Richard to restore Rump;
  October Richard resigns.
  December Rump interrupted by an army coup.
1660 February General Monk enters London; MPs secluded at Pride's Purge resume their seats.
  March Long Parliament dissolves itself.
  April Convention Parliament meets.
  May Charles II proclaimed and returns to England.