TOPIC 14 (WEEK 7): INTRODUCTION
What impact did ‘biological psychiatry’ have at the turn of the 20th century?
Why did very different dialogues concerning mental illness emerge in the 20th century?
Why were shock therapies and psychosurgery embraced so enthusiastically by psychiatrists in the first half of the 20th century?
‘The physician’s maxim to “do no harm” never clashes more with the desperate need to “do something” than in the case of psychosurgery’. Discuss.
** Shorter, A History of Psychiatry, ch. 6. e-book
** Andrew Scull, Madness in Civilization (London: Thames & Hudson, 2015), chs. 10 and 11. e-book
** Mark Micale, ‘The Psychiatric Body’, in Roger Cooter and John Pickstone (eds), Medicine in the Twentieth Century(Harwood International, 2000), pp. 323-46. Available via Talis Aspire
**Joan Busfield, ‘Mental Illness’, in Roger Cooter and John Pickstone (eds), Medicine in the Twentieth Century(Harwood International, 2000), pp. 633-51. Available via Talis Aspire
** Edgar Jones and Shahina Rahman, ‘Framing Mental Illness, 1923-1939: The Maudsley Hospital and its Patients’, Social History of Medicine, 21 (2008), 107-25. e-journal
** Faber Book of Madness, ch. 12 ‘Treatments’, pp. 279-349.
* Hugh Freeman (ed.), A Century of Psychiatry(London: Mosby, 1999).
* Hugh Freeman, 'Psychiatry in Britain, c.1900', History of Psychiatry, 21 (2010), 312-24. e-journal
* Essays in Edwin R. Wallace and John Gach, History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology (New York: Spinger, 2008). e-book
** Joel T. Braslow, 'The Influence of a Biological Therapy on Physicians’ Narratives and Interrogations: The Case of General Paralysis of the Insane and Malaria Fever Therapy, 1910-1950, Bulletin of History of Medicine, 70 (1996), 577-608. e-journal
** Joel Braslow, Mental Ills and Bodily Cures: Psychiatric Treatment in the First Half of the Twentieth Century(University of California Press, 1997). e-book
** Mical Raz, ‘Between the Ego and the Icepick: Psychosurgery, Psychoanalysis, and Psychiatric Discourse’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 82 (2008), 387-420. e-journal
** Jack Pressman, Last Resort: Psychosurgery and the Limits of Medicine(Cambridge University Press, 1998).
* Eric J. Engstrom, Clinical Psychiatry in Imperial Germany. A History of Psychiatric Practice (Cornell University Press, 2003). e-book
* Edward M. Brown, 'Why Wagner-Jauregg won the Nobel Prize for Discovering Malaria Therapy for General Paresis of the Insane', History of Psychiatry,11 (2000), 371-82. e-journal
Deborah Blythe Doroshow, 'Performing a Cure for Schizophrenia: Insulin Coma Therapy on the Wards', Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 62 (2006), 213-43. e-journal
G.E. Berrios, ‘The Scientific Origins of Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Conceptual History’, History of Psychiatry, 8 (1997), 105-19. e-journal
G.E. Berrios, ‘Psychosurgery in Britain and Elsewhere: A Conceptual History’, in 150 Years of British Psychiatry.
G.E. Berrios, ‘Early Electroconvulsive Therapy in Britain, France and Germany: A Conceptual History’, in 150 Years of British Psychiatry II, pp. 3-15.
M. Fears, ‘Therapeutic Optimism and the Treatment of the Insane’, in R. Dingwall (ed.), Health Care and Health Knowledge(London: Croom Helm, 1977), pp. 66-81.
Andrew Scull, Madhouse: A Tragic Tale of Megalomania and Modern Medicine(Yale University Press, 2005).
* Sander L. Gilman, 'Electrotherapy and Mental Illness: Then and Now', History of Psychiatry, 19 (2008), 339-57. e-journal
* Andrew Scull, 'Somatic Treatments and the Historiography of Psychiatry', History of Psychiatry, 5 (1994), 1-12. e-journal
* Volker Roelcke, Paul J. Weindling, and Louise Westwood(eds), International Relations in Psychiatry: Britain, Germany, and the United States to World War II (University of Rochester Press, 2010). e-book
** Faber Book of Madness, chs 15 ‘Freud’ and 16 ‘Psychoanalysis’.
** Roy Porter, A Social History of Madness: Stories of the Insane(London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1987), chs 5 and 8. Multiple copies in library
* Frank J. Sulloway, Freud, Biologist of the Mind: Beyond the Psychoanalytic Legend(New York: Basic Books, 1979). e-book
* Dean Rapp, ‘The Early Discovery of Freud by the British General Public, 1912- 1919’, Social History of Medicine, 3 (1990), 217-43. e-journal
* Sander L. Gilman, Disease and Representation: Images of Illness from Madness to AIDS (Cornell University Press, 1998), ch. 11 ‘Constructing the Image of the Appropriate Therapist: The Struggle of Psychiatry with Psychoanalysis’, pp. 182-201. e-book and several copies in library
Shorter,A History of Psychiatry, chs 5, 7 and 8. e-book
* Peter Gay, Freud: A Life for our Time(London: Papermac, 1989).
* Peter Gay, Freud for Historians(Oxford University Press, 1985). e-book
* Peter Gay (ed.), The Freud Reader(London: Vintage, 1995).
H.J. Eysenck, Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire(London: Penguin, 1986). e-book
Grubrich-Simitis, Early Freud and Late Freud(London: Routledge, 1997). e-book
Sarah Winter, Freud and the Institution of Psychoanalytic Knowledge: Cultural Memory in the Present (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999).