Skip to main content Skip to navigation

FR256 Further Reading

You can also access this list on Talis aspire, which will allow you to view the scanned chapters.

In addition to the material set out below, students may wish to read relevant chapters in textbooks such as Charles Sowerwine, France since 1870 (2009) or Robert Gildea, France since 1945 (1995), and to use other textbooks they may have purchased, e.g. for the Story of Modern France.

Students are strongly recommended to download/purchase Jim Shields's The Extreme Right in France (2007), below, and to read relevant chapters for each week of this module.

INTRODUCTORY/GENERAL

Essential
• Jim Shields, The extreme right in France, from Pétain to Le Pen (2007) (Book/e-book recommended for purchase/downloading)
• Charles Sowerwine, France since 1870: Culture, Society, and the Making of the Republic (2009/2018) (Recommended for purchase) short loan
• Robert Gildea, France since 1945 (2002) (also ebook)
• Frank Tallett and Nick Atkin, The Right in France, 1789–1997 (1997) short loan
• Peter Davies, The Extreme Right in France, 1789 to the present (2002) (also e-book)
• Kevin Passmore, The Right in France, from the Third Republic to Vichy (2013) short loan
• Edward Arnold, The Development of the Radical Right in France from Boulanger to Le Pen (2000) short loan

Further reading
• H.R. Kedward, La Vie en Bleu: France and the French since 1900 (2006)
• Eugen Weber, ‘The Right in France: a working hypothesis’, The American Historical Review, 65.3 (1960), 554–68
• Jessica Wardhaugh (ed), Paris and the Right in the Twentieth Century (2007) 3-day loan
• Brian Jenkins (ed.), France in the Era of Fascism: Essays on the French Authoritarian Right (2005) 3-day loan
• René Rémond, La Droite en France de la première restauration à la Ve République (1963) 3-day loan

WEEK 2. AVANT-GARDE FASCISM? THE RIGHT IN THE FIN-DE-SIÈCLE

Essential
• Tallet and Atkin, The Right in France, chapter 7
• Sowerwine, France since 1870, chapter 5 (scan available on Talis aspire)
• Venita Datta, Birth of a National Icon: The Literary Avant-Garde and the Origins of the Intellectual in France (1999), (scan available on Talis aspire)
• Michel Winock, ‘Populismes français’, Vingtième siècle 56 (1997), 77–91
• R.F. Byrnes, ‘Edouard Drumont and La France juive’, Jewish Social Studies, 10.2 (April 1948)

Further reading
• Ruth Harris, The Man on Devil’s Island: Alfred Dreyfus and the Affair that divided France (2011) 3-day loan
• Nancy Fitch, ‘Mass culture, mass parliamentary politics and modern anti-Semitism: the Dreyfus Affair in rural France’, American Historical Review 97.1 (1992), 55–95
• Zeev Sternhell, La Droite révolutionnaire: les origines françaises du fascisme 1885–1914 (1978)
• Sternhell, Ni Droite, ni gauche: l’idéologie fasciste en France (1983, 2000)
• Sternhell, Maurice Barrès et le nationalisme français (1972)
• Eugen Weber, Action Française (1985)
• Christophe Charle, Paris fin de siècle: culture et politique (1998)
• William Irvine, The Boulanger Affair reconsidered: Royalism, Boulangism and the Origins of the Radical Right in France (1998)
• Vicki Caron, ‘Catholic political mobilization and anti-Semitic violence in fin-de-siècle France: the case of the Union Nationale’, The Journal of Modern History 81.2 (2009)

WEEK 3. 1920S. THE ELITES AND THE ANNÉES FOLLES

Essential
• Georges Valois, L’Homme qui vient (1923) 3-day loan
• David Bensoussan, ‘Le réveil des catholiques bretons, 1924¬–26’, Vingtième siècle, 57 (1998), 57–75 (on the Fédération Nationale Catholique)
• Mark Antliff, Avant-Garde Fascism: The Mobilisation of Myth, Art, and Culture in France, 1909–1939 (2007), Chapter 3 (on Georges Valois)
• Jules Levey, ‘Georges Valois and the Faisceau: the making and breaking of a fascist’, French Historical Studies (1973)
• Samuel Kalman, The Extreme Right in Interwar France: The Faisceau and the Croix de Feu (2008)
• Robert Soucy, French Fascism. The First Wave, 1924–33 (1986)

Further reading
• Chris Millington, From Victory to Vichy: Veterans in Interwar France (2012), Chapter 1
• Robert Soucy, Fascist Intellectual. Drieu la Rochelle (1979)
• Samuel Kalman, The Extreme Right in Interwar France: The Faisceau and the Croix de Feu (2008)
• Sean Kennedy, Reconciling France against Democracy: The Croix de Feu and the Parti Social Francais, 1927–1945 (2007)
• Pierre Drieu la Rochelle, Le Jeune Européen (1927)
• Martin Blinkhorn, (ed.), Fascists and Conservatives: The Radical Right and the Establishment in Twentieth Century Europe (1990)

WEEK 4. 1930S. THE STREET, THE PEOPLE, AND THE WORLD IN CRISIS

Essential
• Julian Jackson, The Popular Front in France: Defending Democracy 1934–38 (1988) (the introduction, pp.1–13, gives a very useful narrative of the Popular Front period) (scan available on Talis aspire)
• Kevin Passmore, ‘The construction of crisis in interwar France’ in Brian Jenkins (ed.), France in the era of Fascism: Essays on the French Authoritarian Right (2005), 151–199 (scan available on Talis aspire)
• Robert Soucy, French Fascism. The Second Wave (1995) short loan
• William Irvine, ‘Fascism and the strange case of the Croix de Feu’, The Journal of Modern History, 63 (1991), 271–95
• Jessica Wardhaugh, In Pursuit of the People: Political Culture in France 1934–39 (2009) (also ebook) especially chapters 2–4
• Jessica Wardhaugh, Active Citizens: Popular Theatre and Political Utopia in France, 1870–1940 (2017) (also ebook), chapter 6

Further reading
• Samuel Kalman and Sean Kennedy (eds), The French Right between the Wars: Political and Intellectual Movements from Conservatism to Fascism (2014) (ebook)
• Sean Kennedy, Reconciling France against Democracy: The Croix de Feu and the Parti Social Francais, 1927–1945 (2007)
• William Irvine, ‘French conservatives and the new right in the 1930s’ French Historical Studies, 8.4 (1974), 534–62
• Jean-Baptiste Bruneau, ‘The political trajectory of Drieu la Rochelle: between hesitation and incomprehension’ in Jessica Wardhaugh (ed.), Politics and the Individual in France, 1930–50 (2015), 121¬–134
• Kevin Passmore, ‘The Republic in crisis: politics, 1914-1945’ in James McMillan (ed.), Modern France 1880–2002 (2003), 39–73
• Samuel Kalman, The Extreme Right in interwar France: The Faisceau and the Croix de Feu (2008)
• Brian Jenkins and Chris Millington, France and Fascism: February 1934 and the Dynamics of Political Crisis (2015) (also an ebook)
• Cheryl Koos and Daniella Sarnoff, ‘France’, in Kevin Passmore (ed.), Women, Gender and Fascism in Europe, 1919–1945 (2003), 168–189
• Jessica Wardhaugh, ‘Between Parliament and the People: the problem of representation in France, 1934–1939’, Parliaments, Estates and Representation 27 (2007)

WEEK 5. COLLABORATORS: PÉTAIN’S VICHY FRANCE

Essential
• Relevant chapters in Charles Sowerwine, France since 1870 and James McMillan, Twentieth-century France
• Julian Jackson, France: The Dark Years, 1940–44 (2001) (especially chapter 7, pp. 142–65) (scan available on Talis aspire)
• Robert O. Paxton, Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order, 1940-1944 (1972, 2001) 3-day loan
• H.R. Kedward, Occupied France: Collaboration and Resistance, 1940-1944 (1985 and subsequent editions) 3-day loan
• Richard Vinen, The Unfree French: Life under the Occupation (London: Penguin, 2007) 3-day loan

Further reading
• Robert Gildea, Marianne in Chains (2002)
• Marc Ferro, Pétain (1987)
• Nick Atkin, Petain (1998)
• Stanley Hoffmann, ‘The Vichy circle of French conservatives’ in Decline or Renewal? France since the 1930s (1974)
• Kay Chadwick, ‘An appetite for argument: radio propaganda and food in occupied France’, French History, 31 (2017), 85–106
• Michèle Cointet, Vichy capitale, 1940–44 (1993)
• Jean-Pierre Le Crom, Syndicats, nous voilà! Vichy et le corporatisme (1995)
• Gérard Noiriel, Les origines républicaines de Vichy (1999)
• M. Carrier, Maréchal, nous voilà…1940–1944. Souvenirs d’enfance sous l’occupation (2004)
• W.D. Halls, The Youth of Vichy France (1981)

The Modern Records Centre has a fascinating collection of pamphlets and propaganda relating to Vichy France. You can access a selection of these here:

WEEK 7. COLLABORATIONISTS: FRANCE AND THE NEW ORDER

Essential
• Relevant chapters in Paxton, Vichy France; Jackson, The Dark Years, Davies, The Extreme Right in France
• Bertram M. Gordon, Collaborationism in France during the Second World War (1980) 3-day loan
• Philippe Burrin, La Dérive fasciste: Doriot, Déat, Bergery 1933–45 (1986, 2003) 3-day loan
• Jim Shields, ‘Charlemagne’s crusaders: French collaboration in arms, 1941–45’, French Cultural Studies, 18.1 (2007)
• Jean-Pierre Azéma, ‘La Milice’, Vingtième siècle, 28 (1990), 83–105 (on Joseph Darnand)
• Peter Tame, ‘Robert Brasillach and Paris: Paradise Lost’ in Jessica Wardhaugh (ed.), Paris and the Right in the Twentieth Century (2007), 169–192

Further reading
• David Drake, French Intellectuals and Politics from the Dreyfus Affair to the Occupation (2005), Chapter Five (e-book)
• Bertram Gordon, ‘The condottieri of the collaboration: le mouvement social révolutionnaire’, Journal of Contemporary History, 10.2 (1975), 261–82
• Alice Kaplan, The Collaborator: The Trial and Execution of Robert Brasillach (2000)
• David Carroll, ‘Literary fascism or the aestheticizing of politics: the case of Robert Brasillach’, New Literary History, 23.3 (1992), 691–726
• Gerhard Hirschfeld, Collaboration in France: politics and culture during the Nazi occupation, 1940–1944 (1989)
• Henry Rousso, La Collaboration (1987)
• Paul Jankowski, Communism and Collaboration: Simon Sabiani and Politics in Marseille 1919–1944 (1989)

WEEK 8. DE GAULLE: EXILE, LEADERSHIP AND LEGACY

Essential
• Robert Gildea, France since 1945, chapter 2 (concise and analytical coverage of Gaulle’s role in politics from 1944–1968)
• Sudhir Hazareesingh, In the Shadow of the General: Modern France and the Myth of de Gaulle (2012), especially the ‘prelude’ (introduction to de Gaulle’s political trajectory and legacy) (also ebook)
• Roy Pierce, ‘De Gaulle and the RPF — a post-mortem’, The Journal of Politics, 16.1 (Feb 1954), 96–119 (very helpful for contextualizing the speech we will be studying in the seminar)
• Charles Sowerwine, France since 1870 (Palgrave, 2009), chapter 24, 328–343 (good overview of May 1968) (scan available on Talis aspire)
• Philip G. Cerny, ‘The process of personal leadership: the case of de Gaulle’, International Political Science Review, 9.2 (1988), 131¬–42, especially the ‘case study’ on pp. 136–41 that seeks to categorize de Gaulle’s style of personal leadership and its effectiveness

Further reading
• Julian Bourg, ‘Hello to all that: rescuing May 1968’, French Cultural Studies, 14.1 (Feb 2003), pp. 117–126 (introduction to May 1968’s contested legacy)
• Jonathan Fenby, The General: Charles de Gaulle and the France He Saved (2010)
• Charles de Gaulle, Mémoires (multiple volumes, 1954–1970)
• Frank Georgi, ‘Le Pouvoir est dans la rue: 30 Mai 1968 la manifestation gaulliste des Champs-Élysées’, Vingtième Siècle, 48 (1995), 46–60
• Daniel Gordon, ‘Controlling the streets in May 68’ in Jessica Wardhaugh (ed.) Paris and the Right in the twentieth century (2007)
• Danielle Bahu-Leyser, ‘De Gaulle et les médias, 1958–1969’, Espoir 66 (1989), 47–53
• Jacqueline Baudrier, ‘Charles de Gaulle et la radio’, Institut Charles de Gaulle (ed.), De Gaulle et les médias (1994), 191–6
• Jean Chalaby, The de Gaulle Presidency and the Media: Statism and Public Communications (2002)
• Geoffrey Adams, Political Ecumenism: Catholics, Jews, and Protestants in de Gaulle’s Free France, 1940–1945 (2006)

WEEK 9. THE EXTREME RIGHT IN FRANCE FROM THE LIBERATION TO THE FRONT NATIONAL

Essential
• Pierre Poujade, J’ai choisi le combat (1955), 3-day loan
• Davies, The Extreme Right in France, chapter 6 (1945–present) (e-book)
• J.G. Shields, ‘The Poujadist movement: a faux “fascism”’, Modern and Contemporary France, 8.1 (2000)
• J.G.Shields, ‘An Enigma still: Poujadism fifty years on’, French Politics, Culture, and Society, 22 (2004)
• Romain Souillac, Le Mouvement Poujade: de la défense professionnelle au populisme nationaliste, 1953–62 (2007) 3-day loan
• Gordon Wright, ‘The Resurgence of the Right in France’, Yale French Studies 15 (1955), 3–11

Further reading
• Jim Shields, The Extreme Right in France from Pétain to Le Pen (2007), chapters 2–6 (e-book, and multiple library copies)
• Stanley Hoffmann, Le Mouvement Poujade (1956)
• Dominique Borne, Petits bourgeois en révolte? Le mouvement Poujade (1977)
• Michel Winock, Nationalisme, anti-sémitisme et fascisme en France (1990)
• Jessica Wardhaugh (ed.), Paris and the Right in the Twentieth Century (2007), especially the chapters by Daniel Gordon on the right in May 1968, and by Nicholas Hewitt on the ‘Hussards’
• Jean-Yves Camus, ‘Nostalgia and political impotence: neo-Nazi and extreme-right movements in France, 1944–64’ in Edward Arnold (ed.), The Development of the Radical Right in France from Boulanger to Le Pen (2000)

You will find a short video of a Poujadist meeting on ina.fr, where there are also videos of Poujade, though mainly from the 1960s. If you search with 'Poujadisme' on gallica (the BnF's digital library), you will find contemporary (1950s) assessments of where Poujadism fits on the political spectrum, e.g. in Les Cahiers du Musée social and in Recherches (a publication of the Confédération française des travailleurs chrétiens)

WEEK 10. RIGHT AND EXTREME RIGHT IN FRANCE IN 2018

Essential
• Michael C Behrent, ‘Twilight of the political? On The ideological disarray of French politics’, Modern and Contemporary France, 25.1 (2017)
• John Gaffney, Political Leadership in France, from Charles de Gaulle to Nicolas Sarkozy (2010) (e-book) (the conclusion on presidential ‘performance’ and the media is especially helpful)
• Emmanuel Godin, ‘The Porosity between the Mainstream Right and the Extreme Right in France: Les Droites décomplexées under Marine Le Pen’s leadership’, Journal of Contemporary European Studies, 21.1 (2013), 53–67
• Daniel Stockemer, The Front National in France: Continuity and Change under Jean-Marie Le Pen and Marine Le Pen (2017) (ebook)
• Jocelyn Evans and Gilles Ivaldi, The 2017 French Presidential Elections: A Political Reformation? (2018) (e-book) (especially the chapter on Macron and Le Pen in the second round)

Further reading on Sarkozy and the centre right
• Christian Delporte, ‘Sarkozy and the Media’, Contemporary French and Francophone Studies, 16.3 (2012), 299–310
• Yvan Gastaut, ‘The “Immigrant Question”: mainspring of Sarkozy’s presidency’, Contemporary French and Francophone Studies, 16.3 (2012)
• Nick Hewlett, The Sarkozy Phenomenon (Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2011) 3-day loan
• Jonathan Laurence and Gabriel Goodliffe, ‘The French Debate on National Identity and the Sarkozy Presidency: A Retrospective’, The International Spectator 48.1 (2013), 34–47
• David Hanley, ‘Party, personality and institutional constraint: the French Presidential Election of 2007’, Modern and Contemporary France, 15.4 (2007), 423–439
• Aurélien Mondon, ‘Sarkozy’s legitimization of the Front National: background and perspectives’, Patterns of Prejudice, 47.1 (2013), 22–40
• Nick Hewlett, ‘Voting in the shadow of the crisis. The French Presidential and Parliamentary Elections of 2012,’ Modern & Contemporary France, 20.4 (2012), 403–420

Further reading on the Front National
• Jean-Marie Le Pen, Les Français d’abord (1984) 3-day loan
• Aurélien Mondon, ‘The Front National in the Twenty-First Century: from Pariah to Republican and Democratic Contender?’, Modern and Contemporary France, 22.3 (2014)
• Jim Shields, ‘The Front National: from Systematic Opposition to Systemic Integration’, Modern and Contemporary France, 22.4 (2014)
• Aurélien Mondon, The Mainstreaming of the Extreme Right in France and Australia: A Populist Hegemony? (2013)
• Richard Golsan, ‘The Le Pen moment’, Substance 32.1 (2003), 128-43
• Jim Wolfreys, ‘Towards an integrated history of the Front National’ in Frank Tallett and Nick Atkin, The Right in France, from the Revolution to Le Pen (2003)
• Nonna Meyer and Pascal Perrineau, ‘Why do they vote for Le Pen?’, European Journal of Political Research, 22 (1992), 123–41
• Pascal Perrineau, ‘Le Front National, 1972–1992’ in Michel Winock (ed), Histoire de l’Extrême Droite en France (1993)
• Pierre Bréchon and Subrata Kumar Mitra, ‘The National Front in France: the emergence of an extreme right protest movement’, Comparative Politics 25.1 (1992), 162–82
• Dimitri Almeida, ‘Exclusionary secularism: the Front national and the reinvention of laïcité’, Modern and Contemporary France, 25.3 (2017)
• Aurélien Mondon, ‘The Front National in the Twenty-First Century: from Pariah to Republican and Democratic Contender?’, Modern and Contemporary France, 22.3 (2014)
• Jim Shields, ‘The Front National: from Systematic Opposition to Systemic Integration’, Modern and Contemporary France, 22.4 (2014)
• Peter Davies, The National Front in France. Ideology, Discourse and Power (1999)
• Gabriel Goodliffe, The Resurgence of the Radical Right in France. From Boulangism to Le Pen (2012)