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Magnetism and Alloy Theory

Professor JB Staunton

[Office: PS141, Physical Sciences; Tel: +44 2476 523381, email: j.b.staunton at]

Director of the Centre for Doctoral Training in Modelling of Heterogeneous Systems (HetSys)

HetSys is an EPSRC-supported Centre for Doctoral Training. It recruits enthusiastic students from across the physical sciences who enjoy using their mathematical skills and thinking flexibly to solve complex problems. By developing these skills HetSys trains people to challenge current state-of-the-art in computational modelling of heterogeneous, ‘real world’ systems across a range of research themes such as nanoscale devices, new catalysts, superalloys, smart fluids, laser-plasma interactions etc.

The Magnetism and Alloy Theory Group's research aims to describe the various properties of materials via a careful account of their electronic "glue" or structure which includes spin polarisation and relativistic effects such as spin-orbit coupling. This requires HPC techniques and resources such as those available at the Centre for Scientific Computing (CSC) at the University of Warwick. The Group studies theoretical metallic magnetism in this way and also, with the same electronic basis, a theory for the types of alloys that can form when two or more metallic elements are combined. A strength of the work is that it is `first principled' so that many aspects can be tested in quantitative detail by a range of experimental measurements. The Group collaborates with several others both nationally and internationally and participates actively in the large European electronic structure PSI-K network. Ongoing projects concern the development of ab-initio electronic structure theory beyond standard DFT to include the effects of strong electron correlations and finite temperatures e.g. to rare earth and transition metal material properties. Applications are being made to rare earth-transition metal permanent magnets, spintronics, magnetic properties of heterostructures and nanoclusters, magnetocaloric and magnetic shape memory materials and also electrocaloric and thermoelectric materials.

HetSys PhD Project for 2020 - apply, details.

PRETAMAG is a joint theory/experiment project exploring the physics of permanent magnets funded by EPSRC.

    Recent highlights:

    The Group is associated with the Collaborative Computational Project (CCP) CCP-mag.

    This project brings together UK researchers with an interest in computational methods for simulations of magnetism in various systems. It embraces simulations on different length scales, starting from ab initio calculations of magnetic properties (based on the full quantum mechanical description), over atomistic modelling, representing magnetic materials by spin models, to micromagnetics, utilising finite element techniques to describe larger systems or whole devices.

    Julie Staunton is also a member of the Heterogeneous Multiscale Modelling Special Interest Group at the University of Warwick which is a group of academics and research software engineers from Physics, Chemistry, Engineering, Manufacturing and Mathematics interested in modelling heterogeneous systems. This usually means simulating across multiple length and time scales, including a robust quantification of the uncertainties of the models and developing new research software.

     Some recent publications from the Magnetism and Alloy Theory Group:

    Fluctuating local moments, itinerant electrons, and the magnetocaloric effect: Compositional hypersensitivity of FeRh by J. B. Staunton, R. Banerjee, M. dos Santos Dias, A. Deak, and L. Szunyogh, Phys. Rev. B 89, 054427, (2014).

    Metallic magnetism at finite temperatures studied by relativistic disordered moment description: Theory and application by A. Deak, E. Simon, L. Balogh, L. Szunyogh, M. dos Santos Dias, and J. B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. B 89, 224401, (2014).

    Improvement of magnetic hardness at finite temperatures: Ab initio disordered local-moment approach for YCo5 by M. Matsumoto, R. Banerjee and J. B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. B 90, 054421, (2014).

    Using density functional theory to describe slowly varying fluctuations at finite temperatures: local magnetic moments in Gd and the 'not so local' moments of Ni by J. B. Staunton, A. Marmodoro and A. Ernst, Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter 26, 274210, (2014).

    Complex Magnetism of Lanthanide Intermetallics and the Role of their Valence Electrons: Ab Initio Theory and Experiment by
    L. Petit, D. Paudyal, Y. Mudryk, K. A. Gschneidner, Jr., V. K. Pecharsky, M. Lüders, Z. Szotek, R. Banerjee, and J. B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 207201 (2015).

    Statistical physics of multicomponent alloys using KKR-CPA by Suffian N. Khan, J. B. Staunton, and G. M. Stocks, Phys. Rev. B 93, 054206, (2016).

    Influence of structural defects on the magnetocaloric effect in the vicinity of the first order magnetic transition in Fe50.4Rh49.6 by V. I. Zverev, A. M. Saletsky, R. R. Gimaev, A. M. Tishin, T. Miyanaga, and J. B. Staunton, Applied Physics Letters 108, 192405 (2016); doi: 10.1063/1.4949355

    Verification of Anderson superexchange in MnO via magnetic pair distribution function analysis and ab initio theory by Benjamin A. Frandsen, Michela Brunelli, Katharine Page, Julie B. Staunton, and Simon J. L. Billinge, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 197204, (2016); doi:

    Short-range ordering effects on the electronic Bloch spectral function of real materials in the nonlocal coherent-potential approximation by Alberto Marmodoro, Arthur Ernst, Sergei Ostanin, Leonid Sandratskii, Paolo E. Trevisanutto, Nektarios N. Lathiotakis, and Julie B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. B 94, 224205, (2016); doi:https://doi-org/10.1103/PhysRevB.94.224205

    Temperature-dependent transport properties of FeRh by S. Mankovsky, S. Polesya, K. Chadova, H. Ebert, J. B. Staunton, T. Gruenbaum, M. A. W. Schoen, C. H. Back, X. Z. Chen, and C. Song, Phys. Rev. B 95, 155139, (2017).

    Theory of Magnetic Ordering in the Heavy Rare Earths: Ab Initio Electronic Origin of Pair- and Four-Spin Interactions by Eduardo Mendive-Tapia and Julie B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 197202, (2017).

    Frustrated magnetism and caloric effects in Mn-based antiperovskite nitrides: Ab initio theory by J. Zemen, E. Mendive-Tapia, Z. Gercsi, R. Banerjee, J. B. Staunton, and K. G. Sandeman, Phys. Rev. B 95, 184438, (2017).

    Rare-earth/transition-metal magnetic interactions in pristine and (Ni,Fe)-doped YCo5 and GdCo5 by Christopher E. Patrick, Santosh Kumar, Geetha Balakrishnan, Rachel S. Edwards, Martin R. Lees, Eduardo Mendive-Tapia, Leon Petit, and Julie B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. Materials 1, 024411, (2017).

    Calculating the Magnetic Anisotropy of Rare-Earth-Transition-Metal Ferrimagnets by Christopher E. Patrick, Santosh Kumar, Geetha Balakrishnan, Rachel S. Edwards, Martin R. Lees, Leon Petit, and Julie B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 097202, (2018)

    Rare-earth/transition-metal magnets at finite temperature: 'Self-interaction-corrected relativistic density functional theory in the disordered local moment picture by Christopher E. Patrick and Julie B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. B 97, 224415 (2018)

    Field-induced canting of magnetic moments in GdCo5 at finite temperature: first-principles calculations and high-field measurements by Christopher E. Patrick, Santosh Kumar, Kathrin Gotze, Matthew J. Pearce, John Singleton, George Rowlands, Geetha Balakrishnan, Martin R. Lees, Paul A. Goddard and Julie B. Staunton, J. Phys: Condens. Matter, 30,32lt01,(2018).

    Multisite Exchange-Enhanced Barocaloric Response in Mn3NiN by David Boldrin, Eduardo Mendive-Tapia, Jan Zemen, Julie B. Staunton, Thomas Hansen, Araceli Aznar, Josep-Lluis Tamarit, Maria Barrio, Pol Lloveras, Jiyeob Kim, Xavier Moya, and Lesley F. Cohen, Phys. Rev. X 8, 041035,(2018).

    Crystal field coefficients for yttrium analogues of rare-earth/transition-metal magnets using density-functional theory in the projector-augmented wave formalism by Christopher E. Patrick and Julie B. Staunton, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 31, 305901 (2019) Journal, arXiv, WRAP

    Structural and magnetic properties of GdCo5-xNix by Amy L. Tedstone, Christopher E. Patrick, Santosh Kumar, Rachel S. Edwards, Martin R. Lees, Geetha Balakrishnan and Julie B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. Materials 3, 034409 (2019) Journal, arXiv, WRAP

    Ab initio calculations of temperature-dependent magnetostriction of Fe and A2 Fe1-xGax within the disordered local moment picture by George A. Marchant, Christopher E. Patrick and Julie B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. B 99, 054415 (2019) Journal, WRAP

    First-principles calculations of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the prototype cell boundary phase Y(Co1-x-y FexCuy)5 by Christopher E. Patrick, Munehisa Matsumoto and Julie B. Staunton, J.Magn. Magn. Mater. 477, 147 (2019) Journal, arXiv, WRAP

     Ab initio theory of the Gibbs free energy and a hierarchy of local moment correlation functions in itinerant electron systems: The magnetism of the Mn3A materials class by Eduardo Mendive-Tapia and Julie B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. B 99, 144424, (2019).

    Temperature-dependent magnetocrystalline anisotropy of rare earth/transition metal permanent magnets from first principles: The light RCo5 (R=Y, La - Gd) intermetallics by Christopher E. Patrick and Julie B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. Materials 3. 101401(R), (2019).

    Caloric effects around phase transitions in magnetic materials described by ab initio theory: The electronic glue and fluctuating local moments by Eduardo Mendive-Tapia and Julie B. Staunton, J. Appl. Phys. 127 (11)

    Magnetic structure of selected Gd intermetallic alloys from first principles by L. Petit, Z. Szotek, I. D,Paudyal, A. Biswas, Y. Mudryk, V. K. Pecharsky and J. B. Staunton, Phys. Rev. B 10, 014409, (2019)

    Tunability of the spin reorientation transitions with pressure in NdCo5 by Santosh Kumar, Christopher E. Patrick , Rachel S. Edwards, Martin R. Lees, Geetha Balakrishnan and Julie B. Staunton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 102408 (2020)

    Torque magnetometry study of the spin reorientation transition and temperature-dependent magnetocrystalline anisotropy in NdCo5 by Santosh Kumar, Christopher E. Patrick , Rachel S. Edwards, Martin R. Lees, Geetha Balakrishnan and Julie B. Staunton, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 32, 255802, (2020)