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Lecture 1

Table 1: Output Growth 1700-1801 - % per year [Old and New estimates]

             

Year

GDP

Industry

Agriculture

 

Old

New

Old

New

Old

New

1700-1760

0.7

0.7

1.0

0.7

0.2

0.6

1760-1780

0.6

0.6

0.5

1.3

0.5

0.1

1780-1801

2.1

1.4

3.4

2.0

0.6

0.8

(Crafts versus Deane and Cole, taken from M Berg, Age of Manufactures)

Table 2: Varying estimates of the ‘middling order’ of 18th century society

 

Massie

Postlethwayt

Lindert

Families earning ?50 pa+

280,430

150,874

239,282

 

(19%)

(17%)

(16%)

Families earning ?40 pa+

617,930

564,426

631,935

 

(42%)

(38%)

(41%)

Total no. Families

1,474,570

1,538,500

1,483,239

(Sources: Joseph Massie, 1759; Malachy Postlethwayt, 1750 and P Lindert, 1982 cited in P Langford, A Polite and Commercial People)

Table 3: Estimates of Population for England and Wales

1700

5.5 m

1721

5.8 m

1731

5.6 m

1741

5.9 m

1751

6.1 m

1761

6.6 m

1771

6.9 m

1781

7.5 m

1783

7.6 m

1801

9.4 m

(Source: Wrigley and Schofield, A Population History)

Table 4: Population Growth

 

1700

1801

London

575,000

948,000

Norwich

31,000

41,000

Birmingham

7,000

50,000

Manchester

8,000

50,000

Sheffield

2,000

26,000