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Theme 2: Religion

Further General Reading

  • L.P. Buck & J.W. Zophy (eds), The Social History of the Reformation (1972)
  • O. Chadwick, The Reformation (1964)
  • “ , The Early Reformation on the Continent (2001)
  • F. Fernandez-Armesto & D. Wilson, Reformation, Christianity and the World 1500-2000 (1996)
  • R. Gawthorp & G. Strauss, ‘Protestantism and literacy in early modern Germany’, P&P 104 (1984) [JStor]
  • M. Greengrass, The French Reformation (1987)
  • O.P. Grell (ed.), The Scandinavian Reformation (1994)
  • H.J. Hillerbrand, The World of the Reformation (1975)
  • “ , The Protestant Reformation (1988)
  • “ , The Reformation in its own Words (1964)
  • E.I. Kouri & T. Scott (eds), Politics and Society in Reformation Europe (1987)
  • B. Kümin (ed.), Reformations Old & New: the Socio-Economic Impact of Religious Change (1996)
  • E. Léonard, A History of Protestantism, 2 vols (1965-67)
  • B. Reardon, Religious Thought in the Reformation (1981)
  • H. Oberman, The Reformation: Roots and Ramifications (1994)
  • H. Schilling, Religion, Political culture, and the Emergence of Early Modern Society (1992)
  • L.W. Spitz, The Protestant Reformation 1517-59 (1984)
  • K. Stjerna, Women and the Reformation (2007)


How much did the early Reformation in Germany owe to Luther's personality and ideas?

  • R. M. Bainton, Here I Stand (1950)
  • P. Blickle, ‘Communal Reformation and Peasant Piety’, Central European History 20 (1987)
  • T.A. Brady, Ruling Class, Regime and Reformation at Strasbourg 1520-55 (1978)
  • A.G. Dickens, Martin Luther (1967)
  • “ , The German Nation and Martin Luther (1974)
  • J. Lortz, The Reformation in Germany (1968)
  • J. Dillenberger (ed.), Luther: Selections from his Writings (1961)
  • F. Clark, Luther and Lutheranism (1972)
  • S.H. Hendrix, Luther and the Papacy (1981)
  • J.L. Larson, Reforming the North: The Kingdoms and Churches of Scandinavia (2009)
  • S.E. Ozment, The Reformation in the Cities (1975)
  • R.W. Scribner, For the Sake of Simple Folk: Popular Propaganda for the German Reformation (1994)
  • J.C. Wolfart, Religion, Government & Political Culture in Early Modern Germany: Lindau 1520-1628 (2002)


Assess the contribution of Huldrych Zwingli [OR: Jean Calvin] to the European Reformation.

Zwingli

  • U. Gäbler, Huldrych Zwingli (1988)
  • B. Gordon, Clerical Discipline and the Rural Reformation: the Synod in Zürich 1532-1580 (Bern, 1992)
  • “ , The Swiss Reformation (2002)
  • R. Head, ‘Catholics and Protestants in Graubünden: Confessional discipline and confessional identities without an early modern state?’, in German History 17 (1999), 321-45
  • G.W. Locher, Zwingli’s Thought (1981)
  • G.R. Potter, Zwingli (1976) and Ulrich Zwingli (1977)
  • J. Rilliet, Zwingli (1959)
  • W.P. Stephens, The Theology of Huldrych Zwingli (1986)
  • “ , Zwingli. An Introduction to his Thought (1992)
  • R.L. Walton, Zwingli’s Theocracy (1967)
  • “ , ‘Zwingli’, in R. L. de Molen (ed.), Leaders of the Reformation (1984)

Calvin

  • J. Calvin, On the Christian Faith, ed. J.T. McNeill (1957)
  • “ , Selections, ed. J Dillenberger (1971)
  • G.E. Duffield (ed.), John Calvin, Courtenay Studies, vol. 1 (1966), esp. chaps. 2, 8, 11
  • A. Duke et al (eds), Calvinism in Europe, 1555-c.1620
  • R.C. Gamble (ed.), Articles on Calvin and Calvinism (4 vols., 1993)
  • P.S. Gorski, The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in early Modern Europe (2003)
  • W.F. Graham, The Constructive Revolutionary (1971)
  • R.P. Hsia & H. van Nierop (eds), Calvinism and Religious Toleration in the Dutch Golden Age (2002)
  • R.M. Kingdon, Geneva and the Coming of the Wars of Religion in France (1956)
  • “ , ‘Was the Genevan Reformation a revolution’? SCH 12 (1975)
  • “ , [Two articles on ‘Calvinist discipline’ and ‘Social control’ in H. Guggisberg & G. Krodel (eds), The Reformation in Germany and Europe (1993)]
  • M.A. Mullett, Calvin (1989)
  • G. Murdock, Beyond Calvin: The Intellectual, Political and Cultural World of Europe’s Reformed Churches, c. 1540-1620 (2004)
  • W.G. Naphy, Calvin and the Consolidation of the Genevan Reformation (1994)
  • “ , Sex Crimes: from Renaissance to Enlightenment (2002)
  • T. Parker, Calvin: an Introduction to his Thought (1995)
  • R.S. Wallace, Calvin, Geneva and the Reformation (1988)
  • J.T. McNeill, The History and Character of Calvinism (1954)
  • W.S. Reid, John Calvin: His Influence in the Western World (1982)


Did the English Reformation constitute 'Catholicism without the Pope'?

  • G. W. Bernard, ‘The making of religious policy, 1532-46; Henry VIII & the middle way’, HJ (1998)
  • J. Bossy, ‘The Character of Elizabethan Catholicism’, P&P 21 (1962), SLC
  • S. Brigden, London and the Reformation (1989)
  • P. Collinson, English Puritanism (Hist. Assoc., 1983)
  • “ , The Birthpangs of Protestant England (1989)
  • “ (ed.), The Sixteenth Century (2002)
  • C. Cross, Church and People 1450-1660 (1976)
  • A. G. Dickens, The English Reformation (2nd edn, 1989)
  • S. Doran, Elizabeth I and Religion 1558-1603 (1992)
  • “ & C. Durston, Princes, Pastors and People: Church and Religion in England, 1529-1689 (1991&2002)
  • E. Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars: Traditional Religion in England 1400-1580 (1992)
  • “ , The Voices of Morebath: Reformation and Rebellion in an English Village (2001)
  • A. Dures, English Catholicism 1558-1642 (1983)
  • J. Guy, The Public Career of Sir Thomas More (1980)
  • C. Haig, English Reformations (1993)
  • “ , ‘The Continuity of Catholicism in the English Reformation’, P&P 93 (1981) SLC
  • “ , ‘Success and failure in the English Reformation’, P&P (2001)
  • C. Harper-Bill, The Pre-Reformation Church in England 1400-1530 (1989)
  • F. Heal, Reformation in Britain and Ireland (2003)
  • R. Hutton, ‘The Local Impact of the Tudor Reformations’, in Haigh, English Reformation Revised (1997)
  • N. Jones, The English Reformation: Religion and Cultural Adaptation (2002)
  • J. Loach, ‘Mary Tudor and the re-Catholicization of England’, HT 44 (1994)
  • D. Loades, Revolution in Religion: the English Reformation, 1530-1570 (1992)
  • D. MacCulloch, ‘England’ in A Pettegree (ed.), The Early Reformation in Europe (1992)
  • “ , The Later Reformation in England 1547-1603 (2nd edn, 2001)
  • “ , Tudor Church Militant (1999)
  • “ , ‘Putting the English Reformation on the Map’, in: TRHS (2005)
  • P. Marshall (ed.), The Impact of the English Reformation, 1500-1640 (1997)
  • “ , Reformation England 1480-1642 (2003)
  • “ & A. Ryrie (eds), The Beginnings of English Protestantism (2002)
  • D.M. Palliser, ‘Popular Reactions to the Reformation during the years of Uncertainty’, in Heal & O’Day (eds), Church and Society in England (1977)
  • A. Pettegree, Marian Protestantism (1996), esp. ch. 6 and Conclusion
  • R. Rex, Henry VIII and the English Reformation (1992)
  • J.J. Scarisbrick, The Reformation and the English People (1984)
  • E. Shagan, Popular Politics and the English Reformation (2002)
  • W.J. Sheils, The English Reformation 1530-70 (1989)
  • A. Walsham, Church Papists (1996)
  • R. Whiting, The Blind Devotion of the People (1989)
  • G.W. Woodward, The Dissolution of the Monasteries (1966)
  • J. Youings, The Dissolution of the Monasteries (1971)


Was the Catholic Reformation 'a triumph for papal authority'?

  • J.C. Aveling, The Jesuits (1981), esp. chs 3-5
  • J. Bossy, ‘The Social History of Confession in the Age of the Reformation’ TRHS 25 (1975) SLC
  • “ , Peace in the Post-Reformation (1998)
  • L. Châtellier, The Religion of the Poor: Rural Missions & the Formation of Modern Catholicism (1997)
  • F. Clark, The Catholic Reformation (1972)
  • R. De Molen, Religious Orders of the Catholic Reformation (1994)
  • A.G. Dickens, The Counter Reformation (1968)
  • H.O. Evennett, The Spirit of the Counter Reformation (1968)
  • M. Forster, The Counter Reformation in the Villages: Religion and Reform in ... Speyer (1992)
  • C. Harline, ‘Official Religion, Popular Religion in Historiography of the Catholic Reformation’, ARG (1990)
  • P. Janelle, The Catholic Reformation (1963)
  • H. Kamen, Inquisition and Society in Spain (1985)
  • “ , The Phoenix and the Flame: Catalonia and the Counter Reformation (1993)
  • M. Mullett, The Counter Reformation (1984)
  • J.C. Olin, Catholic Reform 1495-1563 (1990)
  • J.W. O’Malley (ed.), Catholicism in Early Modern History (1988), esp. Burke on ‘Popular Piety’
  • “ , The First Jesuits (1993), esp. ch. 8
  • R. Pörtner, The Counter Reformation in Central Europe: Styria 1580-1630 (2001)
  • H. Rawlings, Church, Religion and Society in Early Modern Spain (2002)
  • J.C. Smith, Sensuous Worship: Jesuits and the Art of the Early Catholic Reformation in Germany (2002)
  • P.M. Soergel, Wondrous in His Saints: Counter-Reformation Propaganda in Bavaria (1993) [online in NetLibrary]
  • M. Wiesner-Hanks (ed.), Convents Confront the Reformation: Catholic and Protestant Nuns in Germany (1996) [edition of four texts; online for subscribers to Questia]
  • A.D. Wright, The Counter Reformation (1981), esp. chs 1, 8


Why did Christianity not make greater progress in Asia in the early modern period?

  • I. Altman & R. Butler, ‘The Contact of Cultures’, AHR 99 (1994)
  • C. R. Boxer, The Church Militant and Iberian Expansion 1470-1770 (1978)
  • “ , The Christian Century in Japan 1549-1650 (1993)
  • J. C. Brown, ‘Courtiers & Christians: The First Japanese Emissaries to Europe’, Renaiss.Quarterly 47 (1994)
  • G. H. Dunne, Generation of Giants: Story of Jesuits in China in the last Decades of the Ming Dynasty (1962)
  • J. Gernet, China and the Christian Impact. A Conflict of Cultures (1985)
  • D. F. Lach, Asia in the Making of Europe (1965-93)
  • A. C. Ross, A Vision Betrayed: the Jesuits in Japan and China 1542-1742 (1994)
  • J. D. Spence, The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci (1994)