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Primary Sources

The following online sites contain useful primary source materials for the long essay.

Library of Congress (Washington, DC)

Library of Congress digital collections on war/military topics:

Veterans History Project (transcripts and video of oral history interviews with veterans, and some private papers, photos, and unpublished memoirs)

ProQuest (via Warwick Library) digital databases

Historical Newspapers: Los Angeles Times; New York Times; Washington Post

Women's Magazine Archive

Rutgers Oral History Archive

US Army Heritage and Education Center

US Department of Defense

US National Archives

Women in the military resources:

Women Veterans Historical Project (University of North Carolina-Greensboro)

Secondary Sources

  • Betty Sowers Alt and Bonne Domrose Stone, Campfollowing: A History of the Military Wife (New York: Praeger, 1991)
  • Donna Alvah, Unofficial Ambassadors: American Military Families Overseas and the Cold War, 1946-65 (New York: NYU Press, 2007)
  • Beth L. Bailey and David Farber, The First Strange Place: Race and Sex in World War II Hawaii (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992)
  • Allan Bérubé, Coming Out Under Fire: The History of Gay Men and Women in World War II (New York: Free Press, 1990) [e-book]
  • Anu Bhagwati, "The Unheard Victims of The Invisible War: The Victims of Sexual Assault in the US Military," Foreign Affairs, March 28, 2013
  • Beth Bailey, America's Army: Making the All-Volunteer Force (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009) [e-book]
  • Beth Bailey, "The Politics of Dancing: 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' and the Role of Moral Claims," Journal of Policy History 25, 1 (2013): 89-113
  • Tarak Barkawi et al, "Rights and Fights: Sexual Orientation and Military Effectiveness," International Security 24, 1 (Summer 1999): 181-201
  • Aaron Belkin, Bring Me Men: Military Masculinity and the Benign Façade of American Empire, 1898-2001 (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012)
  • Aaron Belkin and Melissa Sheridan Embser-Herbert, "A Modest Proposal: Privacy as a Flawed Rationale for the Exclusion of Gays and Lesbians from the U.S. Military," International Security 27, 2 (Fall 2002): 178-97
  • Helen Benedict, The Lonely Soldier: The Private War of Women Serving in Iraq (Boston: Beacon Press, 2009) [e-book]
  • Jane Blair, Hesitation Kills: A Female Marine Officer's Combat Experience in Iraq (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011) [e-book]
  • Laura Browder, When Janey Comes Marching Home: Portraits of Women Combat Veterans (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 2010) [e-book]
  • Melissa T. Brown, Enlisting Masculinity: The Construction of Gender in US Military Recruiting Advertising During the All Volunteer Force (Oxford: OUP, 2012) [e-book]
  • Margot Canaday, The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009)
  • Helen Carreiras and Gerhard Kummel (eds), Women in the Military and in Armed Conflict (Springer Science and Business Media, 2008)
  • Carol Cohn, "Wars, Wimps, and Women: Talking Gender and Thinking War," in Gendering War Talk, eds. Miriam Cooke and Angela Woollacott, Gendering War Talk (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993)
  • Carol Cohn (ed.) Women and Wars: Contested Histories, Uncertain Futures (Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2012)
  • Robert Draper, "The Military's Rough Justice on Sexual Assault" New York Times Magazine (Nov. 26, 2014)
  • Paige Whaley Eager, Waging Gendered Wars: US Military Women in Afghanistan and Iraq (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014)
  • Jean Bethke Elshtain, "'Shooting' at the Wrong Target: A Response to Van Creveld," Millennium 29, 2 (2000): 443-48
  • Cynthia Enloe, Maneuvers: The International Politics of Militarizing Women's Lives (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000)
  • Joshua Goldstein, War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001)
  • Martha Gravois, "Military Families in Germany, 1946-1986: Why They Came and Why They Stay," Parameters 16, 4 (Winter 1986): 57-9
  • M.S. Herbert, Camouflage Isn't Only for Combat: Gender, Sexuality, and Women in the Military (New York: NYU Press, 1998)
  • Maria Höhn and Seungsook Moon, Over There: Living with the US Military Empire from World War Two to the Present (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010)
  • Chalmers Johnson, Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire (Boston: Little, Brown, 2000)
  • Kristy Kamarck, Women in Combat: Issues for Congress (Congressional Research Service Report 7- 5700) Aug. 18, 2015
  • Elizabeth Kier, "Homosexuals in the US Military: Open Integration and Combat Effectiveness," International Security 23, 2 (Fall 1998): 5-39
  • Sarah Kovner, Occupying Power: Sex Workers and Servicemen in Postwar Japan (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2002) [e-book]
  • Catherine Lutz, Homefront: A Military City and the American Twentieth Century (Boston: Beacon Press, 2001) [e-book]
  • Catherine Lutz, The Bases of Empire: The Global Struggle against US Military Posts (London: Pluto Press, 2009) [e-book]
  • Megan MacKenzie, Beyond the Band of Brothers: The US Military and the Myth that Women Can't Fight (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015)
  • Megan MacKenzie, "Let Women Fight: Ending the US Military's Female Combat Ban," Foreign Affairs, Jan. 23, 2013
  • Kenneth MacLeish, Making War at Fort Hood: Life and Uncertainty in a Military Community (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015)
  • Elizabeth Mesok, "Affective Technologies of War: US Female Counterinsurgents and the Performances of Gendered Labor," Radical History Review 123 (Oct. 2015): 60-87
  • Katherine H.S. Moon, Sex with Allies: Military Prostitution in US-Korea Relations (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997)
  • Elizabeth M. Norman, Women at War: The Story of Fifty Military Nurses Who Served in Vietnam (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990) [e-book]
  • Meghan O'Malley, "All is Not Fair in Love and War: An Exploration of the Military Masculinity Myth," DePaul Journal of Women, Gender and the Law 5, 1 (Fall 2015): 1-40
  • Jennifer Mittelstadt, The Rise of the Military Welfare State (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015)
  • Mary Louise Roberts, What Soldiers Do: Sex and the American GI in World War II France, 1944-1946 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013)
  • Bernard Rosler, I Want You! The Evolution of the All-Volunteer Force (RAND, 2006) [e-book]
  • Laura Sjoberg, Gender, War, and Conflict (Cambridge: Polity, 2014)
  • Laura Sjoberg and Sandra Via (eds), Gender, War and Militarism (Praeger Security International, 2010) [e-book]
  • Heather Marie Stur, Beyond Combat: Women and Gender in the Vietnam War Era (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011)
  • Charissa Threat, Nursing Civil Rights: Gender and Race in the Army Nurse Corps (Champaign: University Press, 2015) [e-book]
  • US Commission on Civil Rights, Sexual Assault in the Military. Statutory Enforcement Report. Washington, DC, September 2013
  • Martin van Creveld, "The Great Illusion: Women in the Military," Millennium 29, 2 (2000): 429-42
  • Kara Dixon Vuic, Officer, Nurse, Woman: The Army Nurse Corps in the Vietnam War (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010)
  • Julia Welland, "Gender and 'Population-Centric' Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan," in Simona Sharoni et al, Handbook on Gender and War (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2016) [e-book]
  • Laurie Lee Weinstein and Christie C. White, Wives and Warriors: Women and the Military in the United States and Canada (Greenwood Publishing, 1997)
  • James E. Wise and Scott Brown, Women at War: Iraq, Afghanistan and Other Conflicts (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institution Press, 2011) [e-book]
  • John Willoughby, Remaking the Conquering Heroes: The Postwar American Occupation of Germany (New York: St Martin's, 2001) [e-book]
  • Susan Zeiger, Entangling Alliances: Foreign War Brides and American Soldiers in the Twentieth Century (New York: NYU Press) [e-book]