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'Race', Difference and the Inclusive Society (SO330)

The Modern Records Centre holds nationally important collections for the study of political, social and economic history. Just a small selection of documents relevant to the course ''Race', Difference and the Inclusive Society' are shown below, divided into five sections: 'Migration and Immigration', 'Housing and Education', 'Employment', 'Policing, Racist Harassment and Urban Unrest' and 'Civil Rights, Community Activism and Improvement'.

How to find out more about the documents:

Click on the reference codes of the documents to go to their descriptions in our on-line catalogues. This can help you to put the documents in context and find similar items.

Other relevant documents are included in the module resources for Racism and Xenophobia, Making of the Modern World: Identities, The Politics of Protest and Making History: 1979 and all that, and the online exhibition Fighting for Votes: The US Presidential Elections and the Civil Rights Movement. Try searching our 'ready-made' catalogue searches and online catalogue to find other sources.

Migration and Immigration

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'The West Indian comes to Willesden: A social survey', 1961

Press notice regarding a survey carried out by Willesden International Friendship Council. It reports on "attitudes of the white population towards coloured migrants living in their neighbourhood".

[Included in a TUC file on 'Commonwealth workers in Great Britain (mainly coloured)'; document reference: MSS.292B/805.91/1]

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'Harold Wilson on immigration', 1964

Labour Party election leaflet on the subject of immigration, using points made in a speech by the Party leader in Birmingham.

[Included in a file of draft speeches on Commonwealth immigration, from the archives of Richard Crossman, Labour Party politician; document reference: MSS.154/3/SP/5/41]

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'Britain's colour problem: Union Movement's answer', c1964

Leaflet on the "explosive national problem" of "coloured immigration", issued by the Union Movement. The leader of the Union Movement, a pro-European and anti-immigration party, was Oswald Mosley, former head of the British Union of Fascists.

[Included in a file of far-right publications, part of the 'Miscellaneous series'; document reference: MSS.21/1451/91]

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Opinion poll on immigration, 1965

The poll was included in the October 1965 edition of 'Sussex News', the newspaper of the Sussex Racial Preservation Society. The SRPS was formed in the mid-1960s by people "deeply concerned about the effects of massive coloured immigration on the future pattern of our society and race".

[Included in a file of far-right publications, part of the 'Miscellaneous series'; document reference: MSS.21/1451/86]

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'What about the Irish? Irish and Commonwealth immigration compared', 1971

Report by the Runnymede Trust, comparing levels of immigration and conditions of Irish and "new Commonwealth" immigrants.

[Included in the papers of Sir George Pope; document reference: MSS.271/T/49/57]

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Statement on the Immigration Bill, 1971

Statement by the British Association of Social Workers, expressing concern about the effect of the Bill "on their work in helping coloured people to gain acceptance in their local communities".

[Included in the archives of BASW; document reference: MSS.378/BASW/4/63]

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'1971 Immigration Act: Protest march to Downing Street', 1973

Leaflet advertising a march organised by the Indian Workers' Association (Southall) "and all other immigrant and multi-racial groups".

[Included in the 'Miscellaneous series' of records; document reference: MSS.21/972]

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'Immigrants: They're welcome here', undated [post 1975]

Socialist Workers' Party leaflet, countering claims that "the country's over-crowded", "this is 'our country'", "immigrants are flooding in", and that "immigrants cause unemployment or bad housing".

[Included in the 'Miscellaneous series' of records; document reference: MSS.21/1538/377]

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Amnesty International statement on migration from Africa to Europe, 2006

Made on the occasion of the Ministerial Euro-African Conference on Migration and Development at Rabat. The first page of the four page statement is reproduced here.

[Included in the publications of Amnesty International; document reference: MSS.34B/4/POL 33/002/2006]

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'Migration-related detention: A global concern', 2008

Amnesty International report on detention of migrants, asylum-seekers and refugees.

[Included in the publications of Amnesty International; document reference: MSS.34B/4/POL 33/004/2008]

 

Housing and Education

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Leaflet for the Metropolitan Coloured Peoples Housing Association, undated (late 1950s)

The Housing Association was established in 1957 "to alleviate the housing difficulties of coloured migrants and their families, whether coloured or white, who live in London".

[Included in a file of minutes, etc., re the Metropolitan Coloured Peoples Housing Association; document reference: MSS.21/2023/1-45]

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'Where can I live?', 1960

Appendix to the newsletter of the British-Caribbean Association: a description of the experiences of a Trinidadian lawyer when he looked for accommodation for himself and his wife in London during their six month stay in the country.

[Included in a TUC file on 'Commonwealth workers in Great Britain (mainly coloured)'; document reference: MSS.292/805.7/3]

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'The education of immigrant children', c1968

Discussion paper produced by the National Association of Schoolmasters. The sections reproduced here deal with 'First principles' and 'Problems in the schools: The language barrier'.

[Included in the archive of the NAS; document reference: MSS.38A/4/6/129]

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'A home of our own', March 1969

Step by step outline of the conciliation procedure following a housing complaint under the 1968 Race Relations Act. Included in the quarterly bulletin of the Race Relations Board.

[Included in the papers of Sir George Pope; document reference: MSS.271/T/49/52]

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'Ugandan Asians: The reality of resettlement', c1972

Report of a survey published jointly by the International Voluntary Service and the Co-ordinating Committee for the Welfare of Evacuees from Uganda. The section reproduced here reports on the housing situation of Ugandan refugees in the London borough of Wandsworth.

[Included in the papers of Richard Crossman; document reference: MSS.154/3/LIT/28/3]

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'The North Lewisham project - Proposal', 1973

Outline of scheme in Lewisham, London, "to try to meet the crisis being faced by black adolescents" and "to help young people from immigrant families to find their own identity and feel able to contribute to society".

[Included in a TUC file on 'Commonwealth workers in Great Britain (mainly coloured)'; document reference: MSS.292D/805.91/2]

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'Race in Class', Autumn 1978

Journal of the West Midlands Campaign Against Racism and Fascism in Education (WMCARFE). The lead article relates to anti-racist activities in schools.

[Included in a file of anti-racist publications; document reference: MSS.21/1571/20]

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'Our Multi-Cultural Society: The educational response', 1983

Report prepared by the Assistant Masters and Mistresses Association (AMMA) Working Party on Education for a Multi-Cultural Society. The section reproduced here tackles the question "What do we mean by multi-cultural?".

[Included in the archives of the AMMA; document reference: MSS.299/5/4/5]

 

Employment

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'No British jobs for fascist Poles', 1946

Communist Party leaflet objecting to the British government finding jobs for Polish servicemen after the Second World War. As the new Polish government was Communist controlled, the implication in the leaflet is that any soldiers refusing to return to Poland must therefore be fascists.

[Included in the papers of Henry Sara and Frank Maitland; document reference: MSS.15/5/2/5]

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Letter regarding the employment of Polish workers in the building industry, 1951

Response from the General Secretary of the National Federation of Building Trades Operatives to an enquiry from the labour reporter of 'The Times'.

[Included in the papers of Sir George Pope; document reference: MSS.271/T/30/13]

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'Employment of coloured workers in the Birmingham area', 1956

Draft report of an enquiry initated by the Birmingham Christian Social Council and undertaken by the Race Relations Group of Fircroft College, Birmingham. The section reproduced here relates to 'the attitude of coloured workers'. Other sections deal with employment policies and attitudes of employers, trade unions and British workers.

[Included in a TUC file on 'Commonwealth workers in Great Britain (mainly coloured)'; document reference: MSS.292/805.7/3/10]

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Letter on "the employment of coloured applicants" by Coventry Transport Department, 1962

Written by the President of the Coventry Branch of The Indian Workers' Association of Great Britain to the Secretary of Coventry Borough Labour Party.

[Included in the records of Coventry Borough Labour Party; document reference: MSS.11/3/37/44]

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Third annual report of the Marian Employment Agency Ltd, 1966

The MEA was a church-backed company which provided support for Irish immigrants to England, including pre-arranged employment and accommodation.

[Included in a file on "Commonwealth workers in Great Britain (mainly coloured)", from the archives of the Trades Union Congress; document reference: MSS.292B/805.91/3]

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Report on racial discrimination, 1967

Report compiled by the Campaign Against Racial Discrimination (CARD). It includes examples of cases regarding discrimination in employment, housing and accommodation, insurance, and complaints against the police. The cases shown here relate to employment.

[Included in a file on 'Race relations: racial discrimination', from the archives of the Trades Union Congress; document reference: MSS.292B/805.9/2]

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'The employer, the trade union and the immigrant worker', 1970

Case study regarding race relations on a Midlands building site, carried out by the Runnymede Industrial Unit. The pages shown here contain comments made by white workers on the site. The same file includes similar reports on 'Industry as seen by immigrant workers', 'Unions and immigrant workers - how they see each other', and 'Differing approaches to the immigrant employee: Three small firms'.

[Included in a file on "Commonwealth workers in Great Britain (mainly coloured)", from the archives of the Trades Union Congress; document reference: MSS.292D/805.91/1]

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'Employment prospects for coloured school-leavers', 1971

Department of Employment and Productivity press release. It asks "Are coloured school-leavers getting the jobs they want? Do they have the same opportunities as other young people? Are there any special problems in finding jobs for them?".

[Included in the papers of Sir George Pope; document reference: MSS.271/T/31/24]

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'No to slave labour: Mass demonstration and rally', 1983

Leaflet issued by the Aire Valley Yarns Workers' Support Committee, giving the background to a strike of 21 Asian textile workers at a mill in Farsley, near Bradford.

[Included in the archives of the Socialist Party (formerly Militant Tendency); document reference: 601/C/3/1/2]

 

Policing, Racist Harassment and Urban Unrest

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Response to the Notting Hill riots, 4 Sep 1958

Anonymous letter sent to the General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress after he had condemned white "hooligans" for attacking West Indian residents of Notting Hill, London. The author supports the attackers and condemns black immigrants for their alleged criminality, "immoral" living and taking of housing, jobs and social security from the white working class.

[Included in a TUC file on 'Commonwealth workers in Great Britain (mainly coloured)'; document reference: MSS.292/805.7/3]

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Notting Hill, 5 September 1958

Report of a conversation of "a British-born coloured woman, ... her Jamaican husband and four other Jamaicans", with a representative of the Trades Union Congress. Concern is expressed about racial violence in the area "getting beyond the teddy boys and spreading into the ordinary population", together with distrust of the police and the judicial system.

[Included in a TUC file on 'Commonwealth workers in Great Britain (mainly coloured)'; document reference: MSS.292/805.7/3]

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'Campaign against Sus', 1978

First issue of 'Sus', journal of the Steering Committee of Black People's Organisations Campaign Against Sus (the use of the 1824 Vagrancy Act by the police). The front page reports on the founding public meeting.

[Included in a file of publications relating to "Race work", from the papers of Steve Jefferys; document reference: MSS.244/2/5/9]

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'The Abolitionist', Summer 1980

Journal of the campaign group Radical Alternatives to Prison. The cover illustrates one of the main articles in this issue - 'Racist police, courts, prisons' by Marcia Whittingham. Other issues include articles on racism in prisons, racial violence, deaths in custody, and the 'urban jungle'.

[Included in the archives of Radical Alternatives to Prison; MSS.110/4/5]

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'Support the Brixton uprising', 1981

Leaflet advertising a public meeting of the Brixton Defence Campaign, and outlining the BDC's demands.

[Included in the archives of the Socialist Party (formerly Militant Tendency); document reference: 601/C/3/1/5]

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'Fight racism, picket Pollyannas', [1984?]

Birmingham Action Committee Against Racism in Clubs leaflet publicising an anti-racist gig in Birmingham and a Saturday night picket of a club operating a 'colour bar'. It claims that the picket has previously been violently broken up by the police.

[Included in the 'Miscellaneous series' of records; document reference: MSS.21/1538/364]

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'Policing on Broadwater Farm and vicinity since 6 October 1985', 1985

Report by Haringey Council Police Sub-Committee - the section reproduced here relates to police deployment on the Broadwater Farm estate.

[Included in the archives of the Socialist Party (formerly Militant Tendency); document reference: 601/C/3/1/6]

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'Release the Six - Quash the convictions', [1990]

Leaflet issued by the North West Campaign for the Birmingham Six. 21 people were killed in 1974 when the IRA bombed two pubs in Birmingham. The 'Birmingham Six' were wrongly convicted of the bombings following what the leaflet describes as "a wave of anti-Irish hysteria resulting in attacks on Irish people, Irish clubs and Catholic churches".

[Included in the 'Miscellaneous series' of records; document reference: MSS.21/2148]

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'Tower Hamlets Nine are Innocent!', c1993

Leaflet issued by the Tower Hamlets Nine Defence Campaign. It calls for the release of 9 youths arrested at a vigil for a boy beaten into a coma by racist attackers.

[Included in the archives of the Socialist Party (formerly Militant Tendency); document reference: 601/C/3/1/2]

 

Civil Rights, Community Activism and Improvement

Documents relating to the Civil Rights and Black Power movements in the United States are included in 'Fighting for Votes: The US Presidential Elections and the Civil Rights Movement' and 'The Politics of Protest' (section on 'Civil Rights and Black Power').
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Description of the work of the Association of Ukrainians in Great Britain Ltd, 1951

The Association was founded in 1946 to provide the 40,000 Ukranians in the UK with "moral, spiritual and material help and care and to assist their resettlement as useful members of the community". Most of the Ukrainians came to Britain as part of the European Volunteer Workers scheme, which provided labour for undermanned British industries after the Second World War.

[Included in the papers of Sir George Pope; document reference: MSS.271/T/30/28]

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Annual report of the British Caribbean Welfare Service, 1957

The BCWS was established in 1956. The West Indian staff provided advice and support for migrants, and supplied information about the situation of West Indians in Britain to MPs, the British government and the media.

This section of the report deals with the public relations work of the BCWS.

[Included in a TUC file on 'Commonwealth workers in Great Britain (mainly coloured)'; document reference: MSS.292/805.7/3]

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'To the coloured citizens of West London', c1959

Circular produced by the Afro-Asian West Indian Union following the murder of Kelso Cochrane. It calls for organisation and community action "to win the support of white members of the working class" and combat racist violence. A similar circular aimed at the wider community is included in the online resources for the module 'Making of the Modern World: Identities'.

[Included in the papers of Jimmy Deane; document reference: MSS.325/44/N Misc(10)]

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"Calling All Black People", July [1968]

Editoral from 'Black Power Speaks!', journal produced by the Black Panther Party, London. It argues that after the death of Martin Luther King, "no black man is safe in a racist White country, even if he is a religious preacher of love", therefore "we have nobody to blame now but ourselves if we don't organise and arm ourselves now".

[Included in the papers of Bob Purdie; document reference: MSS.149/2/2/10]

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'Black Power UCPA Newsletter', 31 July 1968

Fortnightly newsletter of the Universal Coloured People's Association, published in London.

[Included in the papers of Bob Purdie; document reference: MSS.149/2/2/8]

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'People's demands', February 1969

Included in the first issue of 'Black Dimension', a London based journal. Articles elsewhere in the publication cover police brutality, the education system, Rhodesia and Vietnam.

[Included in the papers of Bob Purdie; document reference: MSS.149/2/2/2]

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Workers Against Racism national conference, 1981

East London Workers Against Racism leaflet, summarising the aims of the organisation - "Police out!", "Fascists off the streets!", "Smash all immigration controls!", "Working in the unions".

[Included in the archives of the Socialist Party (formerly Militant Tendency); document reference: 601/C/3/1/5]

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Briefing paper on 'The Chinese in Britain: The need for regular airtime on radio and television', 1986

Report produced by unspecified "members of the Chinese community in Britain". The sections reproduced here relate to racist stereotyping and share of the airways.

[Included in a file on China, from the archives of the Trades Union Congress; document reference: MSS.292D/951/3]