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043 - Empirical Modelling Principles for Cognitive Artefacts

Introduction

What is meant by a cognitive artefact? In this paper, we shall adopt the following interpretation. A cognitive artefact is an object or environment that is contrived for interaction that imitates interaction with some other (typically real-world) system. This means in particular that an artefact exhibits different states each of which corresponds to a state of the system it represents. Such a mode of representation can offer the possibility of open-ended interaction, allowing the human interpreter to explore the correspondence between the artefact and its referent beyond its preconceived limits. Its open-ended experiential nature distinguishes communication using artefacts from communication via documents expressed in a formal language, where the interpretation presumes a preconceived framework, and does not admit further elaboration.

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