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Notes from slides

Slide 12

A title

Think about:

  • Introduce the topic of your report clearly
  • Structure of a scientific report
  • Tell the reader about the organization of topics in the report
  • Use grammatical and precise language
  • Proof-read; get someone else to read your document
  • Accurately and consistently list your references


Slide 13

Structure of report
• Abstract
• Introduction
• Body
• Conclusion
• References

Slide 14


• How do you tell your readers where to find information
about a certain section? How do you create a logical flow
in your report?
• Try using signposting words like:
– First, Next...
– Furthermore, In addition, Besides...
– However, On the contrary...
– In conclusion, Finally...


Slide 15

Use clear, precise language
• Use more active sentence structures than passive ones
• Use jargon only when you need to and when you’re certain that your intended audience can understand it


Slide 16

If you use diagrams ...
• Ensure that all tables, charts, diagrams are clearly captioned and referred to E.g.: Figure 1, Table 2, Chart 3 ...etc.

Slide 17/18/19

Writing a technical abstract

What is a technical abstract?
• An abstract is a way of summarising key material from a longer work.
• Technical abstracts are usually descriptive.
• Used to outline material for a research proposal, or to summarise the content of an article which follows it.

What is the purpose of a technical abstract?
• Provides a synopsis of a research paper
• Used for archival purposes

Slide 20
Format of a technical abstract
• Specify the field of study
• Describe the problem (your aim)
• Identify your objectives
• State your methods of gathering data
• Summarise the major findings

Slide 21

Abstracts should not contain:
• References to tables or figures
• Abbreviations or acronyms unless standard
• References to literature cited
• Any conclusions that are not relevant to the essay




prototyping / requirements