Major Group 9: Elementary Occupations
91 Sales and services elementary occupations 911 Street vendors and related workers 9111 Street vendors2 9113 Door-to-door and telephone salespersons 912 Shoe cleaning and other street services elementary occupations 9120 Shoe cleaning and other street services elementary occupations 913 Domestic and related helpers, cleaners and launderers 9131 Domestic helpers and cleaners 9132 Helpers and cleaners in offices, hotels and other establishments 9133 Hand-launderers and pressers 914 Building caretakers, window and related cleaners 9141 Building caretakers 9142 Vehicle, window and related cleaners 915 Messengers, porters, doorkeepers and related workers 9151 Messengers, package and luggage porters and deliverers 9152 Doorkeepers, watchpersons and related workers 9153 Vending-machine money collectors, meter readers and related workers 916 Garbage collectors and related labourers 9161 Garbage collectors 9162 Sweepers and related labourers
Elementary occupations consist mainly of simple and routine tasks which mainly require the use of hand-held tools and often some physical effort. Most occupations in this major group require skills at the first ISCO skill level (a primary education which generally begins at the age of 5, 6 or 7 and lasts about 5 years) (ILO, 1990; p.249 & 2).
Strict application of the ISCO skill level to occupations in this major group is inappropriate, given that basic education provision always exceeds this level. A more appropriate test may be the length of any associated vocational training. Typically, such training will consist primarily of induction training, lasting only a matter of weeks.
1. Where there is insufficient information to classify labouring occupations to sub-major group 91 (Sales and services elementary occupations), sub-major group 92 (Agricultural, fishery and related workers) or sub-major group 93 (Labourers in mining, construction, manufacturing or transport), classification is to a unit group 9000 (Elementary occupations, nothing otherwise specified).
2. Unit group 9112 (Street vendors, non-food products) is not separately identified from unit group 9111 (Street vendors).
92 Agricultural, fishery and related labourers 921 Agricultural, fishery and related labourers 9211 Farm-hands and labourers 9212 Forestry labourers 9213 Fishery, hunting and trapping labourers 93 Labourers in mining, construction, manufacturing and transport 931 Mining and construction labourers 9311 Mining and quarrying labourers 9312 Construction and maintenance labourers: roads, dams and similar constructions 9313 Building construction labourers 932 Manufacturing labourers1 9320 Manufacturing labourers 933 Transport labourers and freight handlers 9330 Transport labourers and freight handlers2
See notes to major group 9.
1. Manufacturing labourers include hand-packing operations and other basic labouring tasks associated with manufacturing operations. Assemblers are classified to minor group 828 (Assemblers).
2. Transport labourers and freight handlers include loaders and unloaders of motor and rail vehicles and ships.